Vinh

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Vinh
Thành phố Vinh
Provincial city
Vinh city view from Quyet mountain
Vinh city view from Quyet mountain
Location of the provincial city in Vietnam
Location of the provincial city in Vietnam
Coordinates: 18°40′N 105°40′E / 18.667°N 105.667°E / 18.667; 105.667
Country  Vietnam
Province Nghệ An Province
Area
 • Total 105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 303,714

Vinh (About this sound listen) is a city in Vietnam. It is located in the northern half of the country, and is the capital of Nghệ An Province. Politically, Vinh is a municipality within Nghệ An Province. On September 5, 2008, it was upgraded from Grade-II city to Grade-I city, the fifth Grade-I city of Vietnam after Hai Phong, Đà Nẵng, Can Tho and Huế. It is the important city in the North Central Coastal region.

Statistics[edit]

The population of Vinh was estimated in 2009 to be 435,208 people. The service sector comprises the largest part of Vinh's economy, with around 55% of the working population being employed in this area. This is followed by the industrial sector (around 30%) and the agriculture, forestry, and fishing sectors (around 15%). Vinh is an important transportation hub, having a key position on the route between the northern and southern parts of the country, and is also a notable port.

History[edit]

Vinh was originally known as Ke Van. Later, this successively became Ke Vinh, Vinh Giang, Vinh Doanh, and then Vinh Thi. Eventually, in 1789, the official name became simply Vinh, probably under European influence. The name has remained the same ever since. At various times, Vinh has been of considerable military and political significance. The Vietnamese nation began in the north, and only gradually expanded to cover its current territories – as such, Vinh was sometimes seen as a "gateway to the south". The Tây Sơn dynasty (1788–1802) is believed to have considered Vinh as a possible capital of Vietnam, but the short duration of the dynasty meant that any plans did not come to fruition. Tây Sơn interest in the city did, however, result in considerable construction and development there. Under French rule of Vietnam, Vinh was further developed as an industrial centre, and became well known for its factories.

The city of Vinh was once the site of a number of significant historic sites, particularly an ancient citadel. Over the years, however, Vinh has been extensively damaged in a number of wars. In the 1950s, fighting between the French colonial powers and the Việt Minh resistance forces destroyed much of the city, and further damage was done by United States bombing in the Vietnam War. As such, little of the original city remains today. The reconstruction of Vinh borrowed heavily on Soviet and East German ideas about town planning – the city is noted for its wide streets and its rows of concrete apartment blocks.

Historically, Vinh and its surrounding areas have often been important centres of rebellion and revolutionary activity. In the 19th century and the early 20th century, the city was the centre of several prominent uprisings against the French. In addition, a number of notable revolutionary figures were born in or near the city of Vinh, including Nguyễn Du, Phan Bội Châu, Trần Trọng Kim, Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, and Hồ Chí Minh himself. Hồ Chí Minh's birthplace, some 14 kilometres to the west of Vinh, is a significant tourist attraction.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Vinh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
35.6
(96.1)
38.9
(102)
40.0
(104)
41.1
(106)
42.2
(108)
41.1
(106)
39.4
(102.9)
39.4
(102.9)
37.2
(99)
36.1
(97)
31.7
(89.1)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
23.3
(73.9)
28.3
(82.9)
32.2
(90)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93)
30.6
(87.1)
28.3
(82.9)
25.0
(77)
22.2
(72)
27.9
(82.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
18.6
(65.5)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
28.1
(82.6)
30.0
(86)
30.0
(86)
29.7
(85.5)
27.2
(81)
25.0
(77)
22.0
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
24.5
(76.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
16.1
(61)
17.8
(64)
21.1
(70)
23.9
(75)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
23.9
(75)
21.7
(71.1)
18.9
(66)
16.7
(62.1)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
10.0
(50)
11.7
(53.1)
15.0
(59)
20.0
(68)
22.2
(72)
18.9
(66)
17.2
(63)
15.0
(59)
8.3
(46.9)
8.3
(46.9)
3.9
(39)
Precipitation mm (inches) 55.9
(2.201)
48.3
(1.902)
48.3
(1.902)
66.0
(2.598)
137.2
(5.402)
114.3
(4.5)
142.2
(5.598)
177.8
(7)
429.3
(16.902)
360.7
(14.201)
200.7
(7.902)
78.7
(3.098)
1,859.4
(73.205)
Avg. precipitation days 4 3 3 4 5 9 10 11 16 15 11 5 100
 % humidity 86 91 91 89 84 77 75 82 87 88 89 86 85.4
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial [1]
Source #2: Weatherbase [2]

Notable sites[edit]

A street in Vinh.

Other notable tourist attractions are the Hong Son Temple and Quyet Mountain. Hong Son Temple is one of the few large temples to escape the closures implemented by the Communist authorities after the war, and is the site of an important festival on the 20th day of the 8th lunar month. Quyet Mountain, on the edge of Vinh, is used as a peaceful retreat from the city, with visitors climbing four hundred steps to the summit. From the summit, the whole of Vinh may be seen, along with the river and farmland surrounding it. The mountain is covered with pine trees, although the forest is still not completely recovered from its destruction by bombing during the war. Other places of interest include the Nghệ Tĩnh Soviet Museum (commemorating the major Nghệ An uprising against the French in the 1930s) and the Cửa Lò beach resort (a popular destination for citizens of Hanoi).[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vietnam - Vinh" (in Spanish). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Vinh, Vietnam". Weatherbase. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°40′N 105°40′E / 18.667°N 105.667°E / 18.667; 105.667