Wainfleet, Lincolnshire

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Coordinates: 53°06′28″N 0°14′14″E / 53.1079°N 0.2373°E / 53.1079; 0.2373

Wainfleet All Saints
Wainfleet, Salem Bridge Mill.jpg
Salem Bridge Mill, Wainfleet
Wainfleet All Saints is located in Lincolnshire
Wainfleet All Saints
Wainfleet All Saints
 Wainfleet All Saints shown within Lincolnshire
Population 1,964 
OS grid reference TF498591
    - London 115 mi (185 km)  S
District East Lindsey
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Skegness
Postcode district PE24
Dialling code 01754
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Boston and Skegness
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Wainfleet All Saints is an ancient port and market town on the east coast of Lincolnshire, England.[1] It is situated on the A52 road, geographically 5 miles (8 km) south-west from Skegness and 14 miles (23 km) north-east from Boston. It stands on the small rivers Steeping and Limb that form Wainfleet Haven.[2] The town is close to the Lincolnshire Wolds. The village of Wainfleet St Mary is directly to the south.[3]

History and landmarks[edit]

Magdalen College School, Wainfleet
Barkham Street, Wainfleet - wall plaque

The name "Wainfleet" is derived from Wegn fleot, a stream that can be crossed by a wagon.[4] The town stands on or near the former Roman settlement of Vainono. Two tumuli, one to the north and one to the south of the town, are of unknown origin, although it has been suggested that they could be Viking or Roman.[5] A number of coins from the period have been found in the vicinity. In Domesday, Wainfleet is referred to as 'Wenflet'.[6]

The parish church of All Saints was built in 1820-21 following the demolition of a previous medieval church of the same dedication, using part of the old church's material. A further church, St Thomas, had been destroyed by this time. During the demolition of All Saints the tomb of William of Waynflete's father, Richard Patten, was broken up but was later restored within Waynflete's Magdalen College Chapel, Oxford.[2]

Waynflete founded the town's Magdalen College School in 1484,[6] and obtained for the town a charter of incorporation in 1457.[2]

In 1847 Barkham Street, a 'London-style' terrace was commissioned by Bethlem Hospital and built to the design of Sydney Smirke and to similar specifications as other Bethlem terraces in Southwark, London.

The Market Place has two Grade II listed structures, a clock tower erected in 1899,[7] and a 15th-century limestone Buttercross (set on three steps and topped with a 19th-century finial and weathervane), from which John Wesley preached.[8][9]

The town is notable for Batemans Brewery; the brewery building incorporates the Georgian Salem House[10] and a previous corn mill, Salem Bridge Mill.[9][11] Public houses in Wainfleet are the Woolpack Hotel, Royal Oak, and the Red Lion on High Street.

Skegness Grammar School has a boarding house in the town on Low Road.

Wainfleet became a conservation area in 1972.[9]

Transport[edit]

The town was at the end of the Great Northern Railway until the development of Skegness 6–7 miles to the east. Wainfleet railway station is on Station Road, and is on the Nottingham to Skegness Line.

Northolme[edit]

The first Northolme Hall

At the northern end of Wainfleet All Saints is the hamlet of Northolme, which is all that remains of the lost parish of Wainfleet St Thomas.[12]

No distinction was made between Wainfleet All Saints, Wainfleet St Mary, or Wainfleet St Thomas, until a deed from Peter De Beningword to Bardney Abbey mentions North Wenfled. The original deed held in the British museum is undated, but is estimated to be from the 13th century.[13][14] In 1316 Wainfleet St Thomas is mentioned as paying tax under Feudal Aid.[14] At the time of the reformation, the chapel belonged to Kyme Priory. There is no clear indication of when it was demolished, but it was still standing at the time of the Protectorate, when the general Baptists were granted its use.[12] Nothing remains of the chapel today, although its site is used as an extension of the present cemetery.[14]

In 1546 Thomas Lyttlebury Esq was heir to the manor of Northolme through his brother John. However it seems that the estate became the property of John's daughter, Alice, who married Thomas Upton. Thomas Upton's successors lived at Northolme Hall.[13]

The first Northolme Hall was an Elizabethan moated manor house, reputedly built in 1549. The present Northolme Hall was built on the same site in 1866.[15]

Population[edit]

Population of Wainfleet All Saints Civil Parish
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1961 2001
Population[16] 506 690 878 1,135 1,386 1,365 1,349 1,446 1,233 1,258 1,375 1,324 1,356 1,184 1,964

Geography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer map: Skegness, Alford & Spilsby: (1:25 000): ISBN 0319238229
  2. ^ a b c Cox, J. Charles (1916); Lincolnshire p. 325; Methuen & Co. Ltd.; retrieved 23 April 2011
  3. ^ "Wainfleet St Mary" Genuki; retrieved 28 April 2011
  4. ^ McAvoy, F.; Marine Salt Extraction:The Excavation of Salterns at Wainfleet St Mary, Lincolnshire ; p. 138; Archaeology Data Service; retrieved 30 April 2011
  5. ^ "Wainfleet Conservation Area". Wainfleet Conservation Area. p. 8. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "The Magdalen College School, Wainfleet, Lincolnshire, UK" BBC - The Guide to Life, The Universe and Everything.; retrieved 28 April 2011
  7. ^ "Clock Tower, Wainfleet All Saints". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Wainfleet All Saints Lincolnshire Parish Councils; retrieved 30 April 2011
  9. ^ a b c Wainfleet Conservation Area Appraisal East Lindsey District Council; retrieved 30 April 2011
  10. ^ "George Bateman and Son: Lincolnshire's last brewery" Brewery History (online journal); retrieved 30 April 2011
  11. ^ "Wainfleet All Saints windmill" Windmill World; retrieved 30 April 2011
  12. ^ a b J Saunders (1836). History of Lincolnshire from the earliest period to the present time. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  13. ^ a b A Topographical and historical account of Wainfleet and the wapentake of Candleshoe in the county of Lincoln. p. 81. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c Northolme (355157). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  15. ^ Northolme Hall (355829). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  16. ^ "Vision of Britain". Retrieved 25 August 2011. 

External links[edit]