In pediatrics, Wilson–Mikity syndrome is a rare lung condition that affect low birth weight babies.
It was characterized in 1960.
It is closely related to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, differing mainly in the lack of prior ventilatory support. All the initial patients described with Wilson–Mikity syndrome were very low birth weight infants that had no history of mechanical ventilation and yet developed a syndrome that clinically resembled BPD. Upon the death of some of these infants, autopsies showed histologic changes also similar to those seen in BPD.
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