Šatrovački

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Šatrovački (Serbian Cyrillic: шатровачки) or šatra (шатра) is a form of pig latin used in Serbo-Croatian. Šatrovački was initially argot developed by various subcultures in Yugoslavia. Today, it is spread among youth in informal speech. It is more widespread in urban areas, such as capitals Belgrade (Serbia), Ljubljana (Slovenia), Zagreb (Croatia) and Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Standard šatrovački[edit]

Words are formed by replacing the syllable order. For example: pivo (beer), becomes vopi. The new word has the same meaning as the stem. Since the spelling is nearly phonetic it does not change. However, sometimes one of the vowels is changed to make the new word easier to pronounce, avoid ambiguity, or if the stem word is not in nominative. For example, trava ("grass", marijuana) would become vutra instead of vatra ("fire").

Some words are more commonly spoken in Šatrovački than others, but there is no specific rule. Examples of transformed sentences (although, most of the words in a single sentence are rarely transformed) are:

  • Brate, neću da igram fudbal. — Tebra, ćune da ramig dbalfu. ("Bro, I don't want to play football.")
  • Zemun zakon brate. — Munze konza tebra. (literally: "Zemun is the law, bro" - meaning: "Zemun rules dude")
  • Pazi brate, murija! — Zipa tebra, rijamu! ("Watch out mate - cops!", murija slang for police)

Examples[edit]

  • zeldi - dizel (Dizelaši, chavs)
  • ciba - baci (throw; imperative)
  • mojne - nemoj (don't; imperative)
  • loma - malo (a little, few)
  • tebra - brate (brother; vocative)
  • Ganci - Ciganin (Gypsy)
  • ljakse - seljak (peasant, redneck)
  • zipa - pazi (watch out, pay attention; imperative)
  • tenkre - kreten (retard)
  • zabr nahra - brza hrana (fast food)
  • hopsi - psiho (psychopath)
  • vugla - glava (head)
  • ljadro - drolja (slut)
  • vutra - trava (weed, marijuana)
  • fuka - kafa (coffee)
  • gudra - droga (drugs)
  • vopi - pivo (beer)
  • suljpa - pasulj (beans)
  • vozdra - zdravo (hello)
  • dismr - smrdi (stinks)
  • žika - kaži (say, speak; imperative)
  • konza - zakon (law, great, excellent)
  • dbalfu - fudbal (soccer)
  • vuspra - sprava (device, spliff)
  • cupi - pica (cunny, pretty girl)
  • rijamu - murija (cops)
  • sajsi - sisaj (suck; imperative)
  • Šone - Nešo (hypocorism)
  • Šomi - Mišo (hypocorism)
  • Kizo - Zoki (hypocorism)
  • Rijama - Marija
  • Kblo Konza - Blok Zakon (Block rules)
  • Munze Konza - Zemun Zakon (Zemun rules)
  • tozla - zlato (gold)
  • pakšu - šupak (asshole)
  • racku - kurac (dick, penis)
  • žmu - muž (husband)
  • Rajvosa - Sarajevo
  • rise - ne seri (no shit, cut the crap; imperative)
  • sepra - prase (pig)
  • šipu - puši (smoke, blow; imperative)

Utrovački[edit]

Utrovački (Утровачки) is a more complex form of šatrovački. Words are formed using: U + last part + ZA + first part + NJE. E.g. vikipedija (Wikipedia) becomes ukipedijazavinje. Today, utrovački is not widely used.

Alternative Utrovački is same as above, but without "ZA", e.g. pivo (beer) becomes uvopinje, or cigare (tobacco) becomes ugarecinje.

Leaving out syllables[edit]

A more simplified version of Šatrovački is using only parts of the word, while excluding the first syllable, and is most commonly used among young people in Serbia. For example, koncert (concert) would be shorthened to cert. The rules of creating a new word that can be used in nominative while the stem is not apply similarly to standard šatrovački. An example of a full sentence would be:

Drugar i ja idemo na koncert na Tvrđavi. (My friend and I are going to a concert on the Fortress)
Gari i ja idemo na cert na Đavi.

This is particularly characteristic of Novi Sad youth subculture, and is very rarely spoken outside of Vojvodina.

Common examples[edit]

  • zika - muzika (music)
  • cert - koncert (concert)
  • Đava - tvrđava (fortress, almost exclusively refers to Petrovaradin fortress in Novi Sad)
  • gari - drugar (friend)
  • fika - trafika (news stand)
  • kić - sokić (diminutive of juice)
  • nica - stanica (station)
  • šulja - košulja (shirt)
  • lone - pantalone (trousers)
  • tike - patike (sneakers)
  • njačić - vinjačić (Diminutive for Vinjak, an alcoholic drink similar to Cognac)
  • tija - kutija (box)
  • ljara - pepeljara (ashtray)
  • ljada - hiljada (thousand)
  • bica - torbica (small bag)
  • čka - pička (cunt)
  • pač - štampač (printer)
  • činka - palačinka (crêpe, pancake)
  • ler - drug dealer (usually of marijuana)
  • ket - paket (package or anything packed or wrapped)
  • ćoza - kaprićoza (usually refers to Pizza capricciosa, but can be used for any kind of pizza)

Adding syllables[edit]

A very rare but present form of expression found in the Belgrade projects (blokovi). Words are reconstructed by adding various suffixes so that the original word remains relatively intact. Usually, the basis is šatrovački. The resulting words have a generally diminutive meaning.

Examples[edit]

  • kajblo or kićblo - blok (Blok of suburb Blokovi or New Belgrade)
  • kićso or kajso - sok (juice)
  • pajdo - dop (heroin)

These diminutives can later be combined using the Šatrovački method, resulting in words like kajblo, or kićblo. However, this is a rare usage, confined to the area of Zemun and New Belgrade.

Also there is another type of šatrovački, where the words are reconstructed by addition of letter P after each syllable:

Examples[edit]

  • dipizepel - dizel (chav)
  • bapacipi - baci (throw)
  • nepemopoj - nemoj (don't)
  • mapalopo - malo (some)
  • brapatepe - brate (brother)
  • cipigapan - cigan (gypsy)
  • pepedeper - peder (homosexual)
  • sepeljapak - seljak (peasant)
  • papazipi - pazi (pay attention)
  • krepetepen - kreten (idiot)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]