Hi (kana)

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hi
transliterationhi
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana飛行機のヒ Hikōki no "hi"
unicodeU+3072, U+30D2
braille⠧

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both can be written in two strokes, sometimes one for hiragana, and both are phonemically /hi/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [çi] (About this soundlisten), the sound would be nearer to be transcribed "hyi" in ro-maji. The pronunciation of the voiceless palatal fricative [ç] is similar to that of the English word hue [çuː] for some speakers.

In the Sakhalin dialect of the Ainu language, ヒ can be written as small ㇶ to represent a final h sound after an i sound (イㇶ ih). Along with other extended katakana, this was developed to represent sounds in Ainu that are not present in standard Japanese katakana.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana Example words (with kanji)
Normal h-
(は行 ha-gyō)
Hi
  • hi 日 sunlight
  • hi 火 flame
  • ひかり hikari 光 shine/light
  • ひと hito 人 human
hii
ひい, ひぃ
ひー
ヒイ, ヒィ
ヒー
Addition yōon hy-
(ひゃ行 hya-gyō)
hya ひゃ ヒャ
  • ひゃく hyaku 百 one hundred
  • にひゃく nihyaku 二百 two hundred
hyaa
hyā
ひゃあ
ひゃー
ヒャア
ヒャー
hyu ひゅ ヒュ
hyuu
hyū
ひゅう
ひゅー
ヒュウ
ヒュー
hyo ひょ ヒョ
  • ひょう hyō 豹 panther
  • ひょうへん hyōhen 豹変 sudden change
  • ひょうき hyōki 表記 notation
  • ひょうじょう hyōjō 表情 expression
  • ひょっとして "hyottosuru/shite" Perhaps
  • ひょんな "hyonna" unexpectedly
hyou
hyoo
hyō, hyoh
ひょう
ひょお
ひょー
ヒョウ
ヒョオ
ヒョー
Addition dakuten b-
(ば行 ba-gyō)
Bi
  • びん bin 瓶 bottle
  • ビール bīru beer
  • びせい bisei 美声 beautiful voice
  • かびん kabin 過敏 sensitivity
  • はなび hanabi 花火 fireworks
bii
びい, びぃ
びー
ビイ, ビィ
ビー
Addition yōon and dakuten by-
(びゃ行 bya-gyō)
bya びゃ ビャ
  • さんびゃく sanbyaku 三百 three hundred
  • びゃくや byakuya 白夜 midnight sun
  • びゃっこたい byakkotai 白虎隊 Byakkotai
byaa
byā
びゃあ
びゃー
ビャア
ビャー
byu びゅ ビュ
  • ごびゅう gobyū 誤謬 mistake
  • ワイドビュー waidobyū wide-view
byuu
byū
びゅう
びゅー
ビュウ
ビュー
byo びょ ビョ
  • びょうき byōki 病気 sickness
  • びょういん byōin 病院 hospital
  • いちびょう ichibyō 1秒 one second (of time) 
byou
byoo
byō, byoh
びょう
びょお
びょー
ビョウ
ビョオ
ビョー
Addition handakuten p-
(ぱ行 pa-gyō)
Pi
  • ピン pin pin
  • ピカソ Pikaso Picasso
pii
ぴい, ぴぃ
ぴー
ピイ, ピィ
ピー
Addition yōon and handakuten py-
(ぴゃ行 pya-gyō)
pya ぴゃ ピャ
  • ろっぴゃく roppyaku 六百 six hundred
  • はっぴゃく happyaku 八百 eight hundred
pyaa
pyā
ぴゃあ
ぴゃー
ピャア
ピャー
pyu ぴゅ ピュ
  • コンピューター konpyūtā computer
pyuu
pyū
ぴゅう
ぴゅー
ピュウ
ピュー
pyo ぴょ ピョ
  • ろんぴょう ronpyō 論評 comment
  • かんぴょう kanpyō 干瓢 kanpyō
  • はっぴょう happyō 発表 publication
pyou
pyoo
pyō, pyoh
ぴょう
ぴょお
ぴょー
ピョウ
ピョオ
ピョー
Other additional forms
Form A (hy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
Hya ひゃ ヒャ
Hyi ひぃ ヒィ
Hyu ひゅ ヒュ
Hye ひぇ ヒェ
Hyo ひょ ヒョ
Form B (by-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
Bya びゃ ビャ
Byi びぃ ビィ
Byu びゅ ビュ
Bye びぇ ビェ
Byo びょ ビョ
Form C (py-)
Romaji Hiragana Katagana
Pya ぴゃ ピャ
Pyi ぴぃ ピィ
Pyu ぴゅ ピュ
Pye ぴぇ ピェ
Pyo ぴょ ピョ

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing ひ
Stroke order in writing ひ
Stroke order in writing ヒ
Stroke order in writing ヒ
Stroke order in writing ひ
Stroke order in writing ヒ (the first stroke may also be written from left to right [1])

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
飛行機のヒ
Hikōki no "Hi"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 1.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg

HI-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠧
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-1236
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
ひ / ヒ in Japanese Braille H/B/P + Yōon braille
ひ / ヒ
hi
び / ビ
bi
ぴ / ピ
pi
ひい / ヒー
びい / ビー
ぴい / ピー
ひゃ / ヒャ
hya
びゃ / ビャ
bya
ぴゃ / ピャ
pya
ひゃあ / ヒャー
hyā
びゃあ / ビャー
byā
ぴゃあ / ピャー
pyā
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
H/B/P + Yōon braille
ひゅ / ヒュ
hyu
びゅ / ビュ
byu
ぴゅ / ピュ
pyu
ひゅう / ヒュー
hyū
びゅう / ビュー
byū
ぴゅう / ピュー
pyū
ひょ / ヒョ
hyo
びょ / ビョ
byo
ぴょ / ピョ
pyo
ひょう / ヒョー
hyō
びょう / ビョー
byō
ぴょう / ピョー
pyō
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER HI KATAKANA LETTER HI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER HI KATAKANA LETTER SMALL HI CIRCLED KATAKANA HI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12402 U+3072 12498 U+30D2 65419 U+FF8B 12790 U+31F6 13034 U+32EA
UTF-8 227 129 178 E3 81 B2 227 131 146 E3 83 92 239 190 139 EF BE 8B 227 135 182 E3 87 B6 227 139 170 E3 8B AA
Numeric character reference ひ ひ ヒ ヒ ヒ ヒ ㇶ ㇶ ㋪ ㋪
Shift JIS (plain)[1] 130 208 82 D0 131 113 83 71 203 CB
Shift JIS-2004[2] 130 208 82 D0 131 113 83 71 203 CB 131 242 83 F2
EUC-JP (plain)[3] 164 210 A4 D2 165 210 A5 D2 142 203 8E CB
EUC-JIS-2004[4] 164 210 A4 D2 165 210 A5 D2 142 203 8E CB 166 244 A6 F4
GB 18030[5] 164 210 A4 D2 165 210 A5 D2 132 49 153 57 84 31 99 39 129 57 189 48 81 39 BD 30
EUC-KR[6] / UHC[7] 170 210 AA D2 171 210 AB D2
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[8] 198 214 C6 D6 199 106 C7 6A
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[9] 199 89 C7 59 199 206 C7 CE
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER BI KATAKANA LETTER BI HIRAGANA LETTER PI KATAKANA LETTER PI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12403 U+3073 12499 U+30D3 12404 U+3074 12500 U+30D4
UTF-8 227 129 179 E3 81 B3 227 131 147 E3 83 93 227 129 180 E3 81 B4 227 131 148 E3 83 94
Numeric character reference び び ビ ビ ぴ ぴ ピ ピ
Shift JIS[1] 130 209 82 D1 131 114 83 72 130 210 82 D2 131 115 83 73
EUC-JP[3] 164 211 A4 D3 165 211 A5 D3 164 212 A4 D4 165 212 A5 D4
GB 18030[5] 164 211 A4 D3 165 211 A5 D3 164 212 A4 D4 165 212 A5 D4
EUC-KR[6] / UHC[7] 170 211 AA D3 171 211 AB D3 170 212 AA D4 171 212 AB D4
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[8] 198 215 C6 D7 199 107 C7 6B 198 216 C6 D8 199 108 C7 6C
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[9] 199 90 C7 5A 199 207 C7 CF 199 91 C7 5B 199 208 C7 D0

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  3. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  4. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".
  5. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  6. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  7. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  9. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.