1033 Fez massacre

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1033 Fez massacre
LocationFez, Morocco
Date1033 AD
TargetMoroccan Jews
Deaths6,000+ Jews
PerpetratorsMuslim Zenata Berber tribe of Banu Ifran

In 1033, following their conquest of the city from the Maghrawa tribe, the forces of Tamim,[1] chief of the Zenata Berber Banu Ifran tribe, perpetrated a massacre of Jews in Fez in an anti-Jewish pogrom. The city of Fez in Morocco had been contested between the Zenata Berber tribes of Miknasa, Maghrawa and Banu Ifran for the previous half century, in the aftermath of the fall of the Idrisid dynasty.

Tamim's forces killed over six thousand Jews, appropriated their belongings, and captured the Jewish women of the city.[2][3][4][5] The killings took place in the month of Jumaada al-Akhir 424 AH (May–June 1033 AD).[2] The killings have been called a "pogrom" by some recent writers.[6][7] Sometime in the period 1038-1040 the Maghrawa tribe retook Fez, forcing Tamīm to flee to Salé.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, M. Th Houtsma
  2. ^ a b Assaleh, Abu-Mohammed (1828). Historia dos soberanos mohametanos: das primeiras quatro dysnastias e de parte da quinta, que reinarao na Mauritania. Jozé de Santo Antonio Moura (trans.). Lisbon: Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa. p. 117. Retrieved 2011-03-30.
  3. ^ Moura, Jozé de Santo Antonio (1827). "Memoria sobre as dinastias mohammetanas, que tem reinado na Mauritania, com a serie chronologica dos soberanos de cada huma dellas". Memórias de Academia das Ciências de Lisboa. Lisbon: Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa. pp. 47–140. Retrieved 2011-03-30.
  4. ^ Gilbert, Martin (1976). Jewish History Atlas (2nd ed.). Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. 22. ISBN 9780297772590.
  5. ^ Boum, Aomar; Park, Thomas K. (2016). "Maghrawa Dynasty". Historical Dictionary of Morocco. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-4422-6297-3.
  6. ^ Morris, Jan (1959). The Hashemite kings. Pantheon. p. 85
  7. ^ Beker, Avi (1998). Jewish communities of the world. Lerner Publications. p. 203. ISBN 0-8225-1934-8.