|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Location||Near kibbutz Matzuva, Israel|
|Date||March 12, 2002|
|Ambush, Shooting attack|
|Deaths||5 Israeli civilians and 1 Israeli soldier (+2 attackers)|
|1 Israeli civilian|
|Perpetrators||Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility|
The Matzuva attack was a terrorist attack on March 12, 2002 in which two Islamic Jihad militants who infiltrated Israel from Lebanon opened fire on civilian vehicles traveling on the Shlomi-Matzuva road. Six Israelis were killed in the attack and one injured.
On March 12, 2002 two Islamic Jihad militants crossed the border, reached a mountain overlooking the Shlomi-Matzuva road, and began firing small arms and throwing hand grenades at vehicles traveling on the road, including a civilian commuter bus.
Five Israeli civilians and an Israeli army officer were killed and a member of Kibbutz Matzuva was injured.
The attackers were killed in battle with Israeli security forces.
Initially Israeli intelligence officials believed that the attack was organized by the Hezbollah, although Hezbollah did not confirm this. Following the signing of the trade agreement between Lebanon and the European Union in 2002, Hezbollah had agreed not to commit any attacks across the international border between Israel and Lebanon. In 2004, Islamic Jihad took responsibility for the attack. In May 2006, Mahmoud al-Majzoub, leader of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad at that time, exploded in his car in Sidon. There were speculations that the hit was a response to the 2002 Matzuva attack, but Israel has not taken responsibility for al-Majzoub's death.
- MIDEAST TURMOIL: LEBANON FRONT; Fatal Attack Shatters Israeli Border Town's Calm - published in The New York Times on March 14, 2002
- Mother, daughter from Kibbutz Hanita among ambush victims - published in the Jerusalem Post on March 13, 2002
- Terrorists slay 6 in Galilee attack. Area residents confined to homes - published in the Jerusalem Post on March 13, 2002