11th arrondissement of Paris

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11th arrondissement of Paris
The Cirque d'Hiver
Location within Paris
Location within Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′31″N 2°22′46″E / 48.85861°N 2.37944°E / 48.85861; 2.37944Coordinates: 48°51′31″N 2°22′46″E / 48.85861°N 2.37944°E / 48.85861; 2.37944
 • Mayor (2020–2026) François Vauglin (PS)
3.67 km2 (1.42 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
 • Density39,566/km2 (102,480/sq mi)
INSEE code75111

The 11th arrondissement of Paris (XIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as onzième.

The arrondissement, called Popincourt, is situated on the right bank of the River Seine. The arrondissement is one of the most densely populated urban districts of any European city.


The eleventh arrondissement is a varied and engaging area. To the west lies the Place de la République, which is linked to the Place de la Bastille, in the east, by the sweeping, tree-lined Boulevard Richard-Lenoir, with its large markets and children's parks. The Place de la Bastille and the rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine are full of fashionable cafés, restaurants, and nightlife, and they also contain a range of boutiques and galleries. The Oberkampf district to the north is another popular area for nightlife. The east is more residential, with more wholesale commerce, while the areas around the Boulevard Voltaire and the Avenue Parmentier are livelier crossroads for the local community. In recent years this district has emerged as one of the trendiest regions of Paris.

On November 13, 2015, it was the site of coordinated shootings and bombings that left 132 dead. About 20 years earlier, another attack had taken place.[2]


The land area of this arrondissement is 3.666 km2 (1.415 sq. miles, or 906 acres).


The peak population of Paris's 11th arrondissement occurred in 1911, with 242,295 inhabitants. Today, the arrondissement remains the most densely populated in Paris, accompanied by a large volume of business activity: 149,102 inhabitants and 71,962 jobs in the last census, in 1999.

The population consists of a large number of single adults, though its eastern portions are more family-oriented. There is a strong community spirit in most areas of the eleventh, and it is interspersed with pleasant squares and parks.

Historical population[edit]

(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 167,393 45,611
1911 (peak of population) 242,295 66,092
1954 200,440 54,616
1962 193,349 52,741
1968 179,727 49,025
1975 159,317 43,458
1982 146,931 40,079
1990 154,165 42,053
1999 149,102 40,672
2009 152,744 41,620


Place of birth of residents of the 11th arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
74.5% 25.5%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.3% 4.1% 4.4% 15.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.


Map of the 11th arrondissement

Places of interest[edit]

Metro 11o arrodisement.png

Main streets and squares[edit]




  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ Shay, Shaul (5 July 2017). The Globalization of Terror: The Challenge of Al-Qaida and the Response of the International Community. ISBN 9781351482165.

External links[edit]