The Newcastle United team of the 1900s were the club's most successful team to date, with the 1909 Football League title being their third in five years. 1909 was the club's first appearance in the Charity Shield out of six, but the only one that they have won. Northampton Town had risen to prominence under the management of Herbert Chapman, a pioneering manager who would later go on to win the Football League with Huddersfield Town and Arsenal. Northampton won their only Southern League title in 1909, and joined the Football League when the Southern League was merged into it as Third Division South in 1921  The 1909 Charity Shield remains their only appearance in a national cup final.
The match raised £226 for charity, with £45 going to both clubs and twelve London hospitals each received between £5 and £10. Including the clubs' allowances, all but £12 went to medical charities.
^Vamplew, Wray. "'It is pleasing to know that football can be devoted to charitable purposes': British football and charity 1870–1918". Sport in Society. Online Early Access. doi:10.1080/17430437.2015.1059014.