For Karlsruher FV it marked the clubs sole German championship, having previously lost the 1905 final. The club would go on to play Holstein Kiel again in the 1912 final where the roles would be reversed and Kiel would win 1–0. Kiel, in turn, only made one other final appearance apart from 1910 and 1912, losing the 1930 final to Hertha BSC.
Kiel's Willi Zincke was the top scorer of the 1910 championship with five goals.
Nine teams participated, as holders Phönix Karlsruhe took part in addition to the winners of eight regional football championships. Berlin also sent two teams to the final, the champion of the Verband Berliner Ballspielvereine and the champions of the March football championship.