1937 German football championship

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1937 German championship final
Replica of the Viktoria trophy
Event German football championship
Date 20 June 1937
Venue Olympiastadion, Berlin
Referee Alfred Birlem
Attendance 100,000
1936
1938

The 1937 German football championship, the 30th edition of the competition, was won by FC Schalke 04, the club's third German championship, by defeating 1. FC Nuremberg 2–0 in the final. For Schalke it was the half-way point of the club's most successful era, having won the 1934, 1935 final before the 1937 title and going on to win the 1939, 1940 and 1942 ones as well, winning six national championships all up during this time. 1. FC Nuremberg, the defending champions who had eliminated Schalke in the semi-finals in the previous season, already had six titles to their name at the time and would go on to win three more between 1948 and 1968 for a total of nine. The two clubs, Germany's most successful teams in the pre-Bundesliga era, had previously met in the 1934 final which Schalke had won 2–1 but would never encounter each other again in a championship final after 1937.[1][2][3]

Karl Mayer of SV Werder Bremen and Ernst Kalwitzki of FC Schalke 04 where the joint top scorers of the 1937 championship with ten goals each. Kalwitzki would finish as the competitions top scorer twice more, in 1939 and 1943.[4]

It was the first-ever German championship final to be played in the Olympiastadion in Berlin, build for the 1936 Summer Olympics.[5]

FC Schalke 04 completed the 1936–37 season unbeaten, finishing the Gauliga Westfalen with 17 wins and one draw. The club than went on to win seven out of eight games in the championship and draw one, against SV Werder Bremen, to complete the league season with a record of 24 wins and two draws.[6][7][8] After the German championship win Schalke went on to win the 1937 Tschammerpokal, the German Cup as well, by defeating Fortuna Düsseldorf 2–1 in the final.[9]

The sixteen 1936–37 Gauliga champions competed in a group stage of four groups of four teams each, with the group winners advancing to the semi-finals. The two semi-final winners then contested the 1937 championship final.[7]

Qualified teams[edit]

The teams qualified through the 1936–37 Gauliga season:[7]

Club Qualified from
SV Waldhof Mannheim Gauliga Baden
1. FC Nuremberg Gauliga Bayern
Hertha BSC Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg
SV Kassel Gauliga Hessen
SV Dessau 05 Gauliga Mitte
VfR Köln Gauliga Mittelrhein
Fortuna Düsseldorf Gauliga Niederrhein
SV Werder Bremen Gauliga Niedersachsen
Hamburger SV Gauliga Nordmark
Hindenburg Allenstein Gauliga Ostpreußen
Viktoria Stolp Gauliga Pommern
BC Hartha Gauliga Sachsen
Beuthener SuSV 09 Gauliga Schlesien
Wormatia Worms Gauliga Südwest
FC Schalke 04 Gauliga Westfalen
VfB Stuttgart Gauliga Württemberg

Group 1[edit]

Group 1 was contested by the champions of the Gauligas Nordmark, Ostpreußen, Sachsen and Schlesien:[7]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 Hamburger SV (Q) 6 6 0 0 27 4 +23 12 Qualified to semi-finals
2 BC Hartha 6 2 1 3 13 17 −4 5
3 Hindenburg Allenstein 6 1 2 3 10 21 −11 4
4 Beuthener SuSV 09 6 1 1 4 12 20 −8 3
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

Group 2[edit]

Group 2 was contested by the champions of the Gauligas Brandenburg, Niedersachsen, Pommern and Westfalen:[7]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 FC Schalke 04 (Q) 6 5 1 0 31 5 +26 11 Qualified to semi-finals
2 SV Werder Bremen 6 4 1 1 20 10 +10 9
3 Hertha BSC 6 2 0 4 12 13 −1 4
4 Viktoria Stolp 6 0 0 6 1 36 −35 0
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

Group 3[edit]

Group 3 was contested by the champions of the Gauligas Hessen, Mitte, Südwest and Württemberg:[7]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 VfB Stuttgart (Q) 6 4 1 1 12 3 +9 9 Qualified to semi-finals
2 Wormatia Worms 6 4 1 1 11 3 +8 9
3 SV Dessau 05 6 2 0 4 6 12 −6 4
4 SV Kassel 6 1 0 5 7 18 −11 2
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

Group 4[edit]

Group 4 was contested by the champions of the Gauligas Bayern, Baden, Mittelrhein and Niederrhein:[7]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 1. FC Nuremberg (Q) 6 5 1 0 18 4 +14 11 Qualified to semi-finals
2 Fortuna Düsseldorf 6 2 2 2 9 8 +1 6
3 SV Waldhof Mannheim 6 2 1 3 6 14 −8 5
4 VfR Köln 6 1 0 5 4 11 −7 2
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

Semi-finals[edit]

Team 1  Score  Team 2
6 June 1937[10]
FC Schalke 04 4–2 VfB Stuttgart
1. FC Nuremberg 3–2 Hamburger SV

Third place[edit]

Team 1  Score  Team 2
20 June 1937[11]
VfB Stuttgart 1–0 Hamburger SV

Final[edit]

Team 1  Score  Team 2
20 June 1937[12]
FC Schalke 04 2–0 1. FC Nuremberg

References[edit]

  1. ^ (West) Germany -List of champions rsssf.com, accessed: 29 December 2015
  2. ^ FC Schalke 04 » Steckbrief (German) Weltfussball.de – FC Schalke 04 honours, accessed: 29 December 2015
  3. ^ "1. FC Nürnberg » Steckbrief" [1. FC Nuremberg honours]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Deutsche Meisterschaft » Torschützenkönige" [German championship: Top goal scorer]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Olympiastadion, Berlin (Deutschland) » Historische Spiele" [Olympic Stadium Berlin, historic games]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  6. ^ Das Deutsche Fussball-Archiv (German) Historic German league tables, accessed: 29 December 2015
  7. ^ a b c d e f g German championship 1937 rsssf.com, accessed: 29 December 2015
  8. ^ Germany 1936–37 www.claudionicoletti.eu, accessed: 29 December 2015
  9. ^ DFB-Pokal 1937 » Spielplan (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 29 December 2015
  10. ^ German championship 1938 – Semifinals (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 29 December 2015
  11. ^ German championship 1937 – Third place (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 29 December 2015
  12. ^ German championship 1937 – Final (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 29 December 2015

Sources[edit]

  • kicker Allmanach 1990, by kicker, page 164 & 177 - German championship

External links[edit]