1934 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||19 May – 10 June|
|Distance||3,712.7 km (2,307 mi)|
|Winning time||121h 17' 17"|
The 1934 Giro d'Italia was the 22nd edition of the Giro d'Italia, a cycling race organized and sponsored by the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport. The race began on 19 May in Milan with a stage that stretched 169.2 km (105 mi) to Turin, finishing back in Milan on 10 June after a 315 km (196 mi) stage and a total distance covered of 3,712.7 km (2,307 mi). The race was won by the Learco Guerra of the Maino team. Second and third respectively were the Italian riders Francesco Camusso and Giovanni Cazzulani.
Favourite Alfredo Binda retired during the 6th stage. Guerra took over the lead in the general classification from the climb specialist Francesco Camusso in the decisive time trial stage from Bologna to Ferrara.
Of the 109 riders that began the Giro d'Italia on 19 May, 52 of them made it to the finish in Milan on 10 June. Riders were allowed to ride on their own or as a member of a team; 52 riders competed as part of a team, while the remaining 66 competed independently. There were eight teams that competed in the race: Bianchi-Pirelli, Dei-Pirelli, Ganna-Dunlop, Gloria-Hutchinson, Legnano-Hutchinson, Maino-d'Alessandro, Olympia-Spiga, and Olmpique.
The peloton was primarily composed of Italians, but contained many French and Belgian riders. The field featured three former Giro d'Italia champions in five-time winner and current champion Alfredo Binda and single race winners, Francesco Camusso and Vasco Bergamaschi. Other notable Italian riders that started the race included Learco Guerra, Giuseppe Olmo, Remo Bertoni, and Domenico Piemontesi. Félicien Vervaecke, a Belgian rider who went on to achieve great success at the Tour de France, entered the race. Belgian Jef Demuysere was seen as a favorite to win the race after his victory in the Milan–San Remo earlier in the season.
Route and stages
|1||19 May||Milan to Turin||169.2 km (105 mi)||Plain stage||Francesco Camusso (ITA)|
|2||20 May||Turin to Genoa||206.5 km (128 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|21 May||Rest day|
|3||22 May||Genoa to Livorno||220.5 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|4||23 May||Livorno to Pisa||45 km (28 mi)||Individual time trial||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|5||24 May||Pisa to Rome||333 km (207 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|25 May||Rest day|
|6||26 May||Rome to Naples||228 km (142 mi)||Plain stage||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|7||27 May||Naples to Bari||339 km (211 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Adriano Vignoli (ITA)|
|28 May||Rest day|
|8||29 May||Bari to Campobasso||245 km (152 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Félicien Vervaecke (BEL)|
|9||30 May||Campobasso to Teramo||283 km (176 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|10||31 May||Teramo to Ancona||214 km (133 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|1 June||Rest day|
|11||2 June||Ancona to Rimini||213 km (132 mi)||Plain stage||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|12||3 June||Rimini to Florence||176.5 km (110 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|13||4 June||Florence to Bologna||120 km (75 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Olmo (ITA)|
|5 June||Rest day|
|14||6 June||Bologna to Ferrara||59 km (37 mi)||Individual time trial||Learco Guerra (ITA)|
|15||7 June||Ferrara to Trieste||273 km (170 mi)||Plain stage||Fabio Battesini (ITA)|
|16||8 June||Trieste to Bassano del Grappa||273 km (170 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Olmo (ITA)|
|9 June||Rest day|
|17||10 June||Bassano to Milan||315 km (196 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Olmo (ITA)|
|Total||3,712.7 km (2,307 mi)|
The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
In the mountains classification, the race organizers selected different mountains that the route crossed and awarded points to the riders who crossed them first.
The winner of the team classification was determined by adding the finish times of the best three cyclists per team together and the team with the lowest total time was the winner. If a team had fewer than three riders finish, they were not eligible for the classification.
Il Trofeo Magno (English: the Great Trophy) was a classification for independent Italian riders competing in the race. The riders were divided into teams based on the region of Italy they were from. The calculation of the standings was the same for the team classification. At the end of the race, a trophy was awarded to the winning team and it was then stored at the Federal Secretary of the P.N.P. in their respective province.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Best foreign rider||Best isolati rider||Mountains classification||Team classification||Il Trofeo Magno|
|1||Francesco Camusso||Learco Guerra||Félicien Vervaecke||Rinaldo Gerini||not awarded||?||?|
|2||Learco Guerra||Eugene Le Goff||Bianchi||Piemonte|
|4||Learco Guerra||E. Decroix||Augusto Como||Legnano|
|5||Learco Guerra||Eugenio Gestri||?||?|
|6||Learco Guerra||Remo Bertoni||Maino|
|7||Adriano Vignoli||Albert Büchi||Adriano Vignoli||Emilia|
|8||Félicien Vervaecke||Giuseppe Olmo||Jef Demuysere||Renato Scorticati|
|9||Learco Guerra||Learco Guerra||E. Decroix||Giovanni Gotti|
|12||Learco Guerra||Jef Demuysere|
|13||Giuseppe Olmo||Francesco Camusso||Gloria|
|14||Learco Guerra||Learco Guerra|
|Final||Learco Guerra||Jef Demuysere||Giovanni Gotti||Remo Bertoni||Gloria||Emilia|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification|
|1||Learco Guerra (ITA)||Maino||121h 17' 17"|
|2||Francesco Camusso (ITA)||Gloria||+ 51"|
|3||Giovanni Cazzulani (ITA)||Gloria||+ 4' 59"|
|4||Giuseppe Olmo (ITA)||Bianchi||+ 5' 39"|
|5||Giovanni Gotti (ITA)||—||+ 8' 01"|
|6||Remo Bertoni (ITA)||Legnano||+ 15' 30"|
|7||Domenico Piemontesi (ITA)||Maino||+ 15' 30"|
|8||Adriano Vignoli (ITA)||—||+ 24' 46"|
|9||Luigi Giacobbe (ITA)||Maino||+ 25' 58"|
|10||Luigi Barral (ITA)||Bianchi||+ 33' 18"|
Foreign rider classification
|1||Jef Demuysere (BEL)||Ganna||121h 54' 20"|
|2||Félicien Vervaecke (BEL)||Ganna||+ 1h 17' 31"|
|3||Alfons Guesquière (BEL)||?||+ 1h 29' 52"|
|4||Vicente Trueba (ESP)||Olympia||+ 2h 08' 18"|
|5||Fabien Galateau (FRA)||?||+ 2h 17' 55"|
|6||Vincent Salazard (FRA)||?||+ 3h 03' 12"|
|7||Herbert Sieronski (GER)||?||+ 3h 10' 55"|
|8||Max Bulla (AUT)||?||+ 3h 22' 22"|
Isolati rider classification
|1||Giovanni Gotti (ITA)||121h 28' 06"|
|2||Adriano Vignoli (ITA)||+ 16' 47"|
|3||Renato Scorticati (ITA)||+ 28' 58"|
|4||Augusto Como (ITA)||+ 40' 09"|
|5||Ambrogio Morelli (ITA)||+ 49' 55"|
|6||Attilio Masarati (ITA)||+ 59' 55"|
|7||Isidoro Piubellini (ITA)||+ 1h 06' 36"|
|8||Battista Astrua (ITA)||+ 1h 07' 09"|
|9||Carlo Oria (ITA)||+ 1h 14' 11"|
|10||Ernesto Merlini (ITA)||+ 1h 33' 03"|
|1||Remo Bertoni (ITA)||Legnano||31|
|2||Luigi Barral (ITA)||Bianchi||21|
|3||Félicien Vervaecke (BEL)||Ganna||19|
|4||Francesco Camusso (ITA)||Gloria||17|
|5||Vicente Trueba (ESP)||Olympia||10|
|6||Luigi Giacobbe (ITA)||Maino||4|
|Stefano Giuppone (ITA)||—|
|Orlando Teani (ITA)||Olympia|
|9||Giovanni Gotti (ITA)||—||3|
|Giovanni Cazzulani (ITA)||Gloria|
|Adriano Vignoli (ITA)||—|
Il Trofeo Magno
|1||Emilia||366h 09' 58"|
|2||Lombardia||+ 10' 51"|
|3||Piemonte||+ 1h 15' 49"|
- In 1934, there was no distinction in the rules between plain stages and mountain stages; the icons shown here indicate that the second, third, fifth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, twelfth, thirteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth stages included major mountains.
- "Guerra parte favorito nel XXII Giro d'Italia" [Guerra parte favorito nel XXII Tour of Italy]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). 19 May 1934. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1934 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Significato e valore delle prove di giovani e di stranieri nel XXI Giro d'Italia che ha celebrato il trionfo di Binda" [Meaning and value of the evidence of young people and foreigners in the XXI Tour of Italy which celebrated the triumph of Binda]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 30 May 1933. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Impressioni e interviste durante la punzonatura" [Impressions and interviews during punching]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). 6 May 1933. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Il "Giro" è finito: ecco i corridori!" [The "Tour" is over: Here the Riders]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 11 June 1934. p. 5. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.