Cima Coppi

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The Cima Coppi is the title given to the highest peak in the yearly running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tour races.[1] The mountain that is given this title each year awards more mountains classification points to the first rider than any of the other categorized mountains in the race.[2]

History[edit]

The categorization was first introduced for the 1965 Giro d'Italia in honor of the late Fausto Coppi who won five editions of the Giro d'Italia and three mountain classification titles during his career.[3] It was first announced on 22 April 1965 by then race director Vicenzo Torriani that the highest peak would award two times as many mountains classification points.[4] Torriani thought of possibly awarding time bonuses to the first to summit the mountain; however, after many dissenting opinions, he opted to award more mountains classification points.[4]

The Cima Coppi changes from year to year, depending on the altitude profile of the Giro d'Italia, but the Cima Coppi par excellence is the Stelvio Pass, which at 2758m is the highest point ever reached by the Giro. The Stelvio has been used in the 1972, 1975, 1980, 1994, 2005, 2012, 2014, 2017 and 2020 editions. It was also scheduled in 1965, 1988, and 2013, but in each case the course was modified due to weather conditions, with various effects on the Cima Coppi designation.

List[edit]

Key
* Point was also used as the location of the stage finish
~ Climb was used for the first time in Giro d'Italia history
^ Point was a new highest elevation reached in all Giro editions up to then
List of highest points reached in the Giro d'Italia
Year Stage Climb Elevation[N 1] Mountain range Coordinates First cyclist to summit Ref
1965 20 Passo dello Stelvio 1,958 m (6,424 ft)[N 2] Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Graziano Battistini (ITA) [6]
1966 20 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Franco Bitossi (ITA)
1967 19 Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2,320 m (7,612 ft) Sexten Dolomites 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)  Felice Gimondi (ITA) [7]
1968 12 Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2,320 m (7,612 ft) Sexten Dolomites 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)  Eddy Merckx (BEL) [8]
1969 21 Passo Sella 2,337 m (7,667 ft) Dolomites 46°30′31″N 11°45′46″E / 46.50861°N 11.76278°E / 46.50861; 11.76278 (Passo Sella)  Claudio Michelotto (ITA) [9]
1970 20 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Luciano Armani (ITA) [10][11][12]
1971 17 Grossglockner 2,505 m (8,219 ft) High Tauern 47°04′29.52″N 12°41′42.9″E / 47.0748667°N 12.695250°E / 47.0748667; 12.695250 (Grossglockner)  Pierfranco Vianelli (ITA) [13][14]
1972 17 Passo dello Stelvio 2,757 m (9,045 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  José Manuel Fuente (ESP) [15]
1973 19 Passo di Giau 2,246 m (7,369 ft) Dolomites 46°28′57″N 12°3′14″E / 46.48250°N 12.05389°E / 46.48250; 12.05389 (Passo di Giau)  José Manuel Fuente (ESP) [16]
1974 20 Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2,400 m (7,874 ft) Sexten Dolomites 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)  José Manuel Fuente (ESP) [17]
1975 21 Passo dello Stelvio 2,757 m (9,045 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Francisco Galdós (ESP) [18]
1976 19 Passo Sella 2,214 m (7,264 ft) Dolomites 46°30′31″N 11°45′46″E / 46.50861°N 11.76278°E / 46.50861; 11.76278 (Passo Sella)  Andrés Gandarias (ESP) [19][20]
1977 18 Valparola Pass 2,200 m (7,218 ft) Dolomites 46°32′36″N 11°58′25″E / 46.5433°N 11.9736°E / 46.5433; 11.9736 (Valparola Pass)  Faustino Fernández Ovies (ITA)
1978 15 Passo Valles [it] 2,033 m (6,670 ft) Dolomites 46°20′18.96″N 11°48′2.52″E / 46.3386000°N 11.8007000°E / 46.3386000; 11.8007000 (Passo Valles)  Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA) [21]
1979 17 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Leonardo Natale (ITA) [22]
1980 20 Passo dello Stelvio 2,757 m (9,045 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) [23]
1981 20 Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2,400 m (7,874 ft) Sexten Dolomites 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)  Beat Breu (SUI) [24]
1982 21 Col d'Izoard 2,361 m (7,746 ft) Cottian Alps 44°49′11″N 06°44′06″E / 44.81972°N 6.73500°E / 44.81972; 6.73500 (Col d'Izoard)  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) [25]
1983 20 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Marino Lejarreta (ESP) [26]
1984 20 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
1985 19 Passo del Sempione 2,010 m (6,594 ft) Pennine Alps/Lepontine Alps 46°15′6″N 8°2′0″E / 46.25167°N 8.03333°E / 46.25167; 8.03333 (Passo del Sempione)  Reynel Montoya (COL) [27]
1986 21 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Pedro Muñoz Machín Rodríguez (ESP) [28][29]
1987 16 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Jean-Claude Bagot (FRA) [30][31]
1988 20 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio) [N 3] [33]
1989 16 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia) [N 4] [35]
1990 16 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Maurizio Vandelli (ITA) [36]
 Charly Mottet (FRA)
1991 17 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Franco Vona (ITA) [37][38]
 Franco Chioccioli (ITA)
1992 14 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Claudo Chiappucci (ITA)
1993 14 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1994 15 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Franco Vona (ITA) [39]
1995 19 Colle dell'Agnello 2,744 m (9,003 ft) Cottian Alps 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Colle dell'Agnello) [N 5]
1996 21 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  Hernan Buenahora (COL)
1997 19 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  José Jaime González (COL) [41]
1998 17 Passo Sella 2,214 m (7,264 ft) Dolomites 46°30′31″N 11°45′46″E / 46.50861°N 11.76278°E / 46.50861; 11.76278 (Passo Sella)  Marco Pantani (ITA) [42]
1999 21 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  José Jaime González (COL)
2000 19 Colle dell'Agnello 2,748 m (9,016 ft) Cottian Alps 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Colle dell'Agnello)  José Jaime González (COL) [43][44]
2001 18 Colle Fauniera 2,511 m (8,238 ft) Cottian Alps 44°23′9″N 7°7′18″E / 44.38583°N 7.12167°E / 44.38583; 7.12167 (Colle Fauniera) [N 6] [45]
2002 16 Pordoi Pass 2,239 m (7,346 ft) Dolomites 46°29′04.92″N 11°50′09.96″E / 46.4847000°N 11.8361000°E / 46.4847000; 11.8361000 (Pordoi Pass)  Julio Alberto Pérez Cuapio (MEX) [46]
2003 18 Colle d'Esischie [it] 2,366 m (7,762 ft) Cottian Alps 44°23′46.8″N 7°7′28.41″E / 44.396333°N 7.1245583°E / 44.396333; 7.1245583 (Colle d'Esischie)  Fredy González (COL) [47]
2004 18 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  Vladimir Miholjević (CRO) [48]
2005 14 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  José Rujano (VEN) [49]
2006 20 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  Juan Manuel Gárate (ESP) [50]
2007 12 Colle dell'Agnello 2,748 m (9,016 ft) Cottian Alps 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Colle dell'Agnello)  Yoann Le Boulanger (FRA) [51]
2008 20 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  Julio Alberto Pérez Cuapio (MEX) [52][53]
2009 10 Sestriere[N 7] 2,039 m (6,690 ft) Cottian Alps 44°57′24.84″N 6°52′45.12″E / 44.9569000°N 6.8792000°E / 44.9569000; 6.8792000 (Sestriere)  Stefano Garzelli (ITA) [54]
2010 20 Passo di Gavia 2,621 m (8,599 ft) Southern Rhaetian Alps 46°20′37″N 10°29′15″E / 46.34361°N 10.48750°E / 46.34361; 10.48750 (Passo di Gavia)  Johann Tschopp (SUI) [55]
2011 15 Passo di Giau 2,236 m (7,336 ft) Dolomites 46°28′57″N 12°3′14″E / 46.48250°N 12.05389°E / 46.48250; 12.05389 (Passo di Giau)  Stefano Garzelli (ITA) [56]
2012 20 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Thomas De Gendt (BEL) [57][58]
2013 20 Tre Cime di Lavaredo[N 8] 2,320 m (7,612 ft) Sexten Dolomites 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) [62]
2014 16 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Dario Cataldo (ITA) [63]
2015 20 Colle delle Finestre 2,178 m (7,146 ft) Cottian Alps 45°04′18.49″N 7°03′12.48″E / 45.0718028°N 7.0534667°E / 45.0718028; 7.0534667 (Colle delle Finestre)  Mikel Landa (ESP)
2016 19 Colle dell'Agnello 2,748 m (9,016 ft) Cottian Alps 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Colle dell'Agnello)  Michele Scarponi (ITA) [64]
2017 16 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Mikel Landa (ESP)
2018 19 Colle delle Finestre 2,178 m (7,146 ft) Cottian Alps 45°04′18.49″N 7°03′12.48″E / 45.0718028°N 7.0534667°E / 45.0718028; 7.0534667 (Colle delle Finestre)  Chris Froome (GBR) [65]
2019 20 Passo Manghen[N 9] 2,047 m (6,716 ft) Lagorai 46°10′31″N 11°26′21″E / 46.17528°N 11.43917°E / 46.17528; 11.43917 (Passo Manghen)  Fausto Masnada (ITA)
2020 18 Passo dello Stelvio 2,758 m (9,049 ft) Eastern Alps 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Passo dello Stelvio)  Rohan Dennis (AUS)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The elevation points are taken at the passed summit.[5]
  2. ^ The scheduled climb of the Stelvio was to reach 2,757 m (9,045 ft), but due to an avalanche, the final 800 m (2,625 ft) of the climb were not scaled.
  3. ^ The Passo dello Stelvio was not climbed due to snow drifts that had developed on the roads.[32]
  4. ^ The stage containing the Gavia was cancelled as a whole due to poor weather and snow accumulation on the roads.[34]
  5. ^ The Colle dell'Angelo was not scaled due to an avalanche that made the roads impassable.[40]
  6. ^ The stage containing the Cima Coppi was cancelled due to protests.
  7. ^ The original Cima Coppi was to be the Col d'Izoard (2,360 m (7,743 ft)), but snow forced the re-routing of the stage. It was then supposed to be the Blockhaus (2,064 m (6,772 ft)), but due to excessive snow at the top of the climb, the stage was shortened and finished at a lower altitude than first planned.
  8. ^ Passo dello Stelvio (2,758 m (9,049 ft)) was scheduled to be the Cima Coppi but due to weather the stage was cancelled.[59][60] With cancellation of the Passo di Stelvio, the climb to Tre Cime di Lavaredo became the Cima Coppi.[61]
  9. ^ The Passo di Gavia (2,618 m (8,589 ft)) was scheduled to be the Cima Coppi, but due to weather the climb was removed from the itinerary. The next highest climb was that to Serrù Lake, however the climb had already been ascended prior to this point. As a result, organisers chose to assign the Cima Coppi to the highest climb out of those which had not been ascended - the Passo Manghen.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Fotheringham 2009, p. 4-6.
  2. ^ Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  3. ^ McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol. "1965 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b Gigi Boccacini (23 April 1965). "La tappa dello Stelvio decisiva per il Giro?" [The Stelvio Stage Decisive for the Tour?] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. p. 8. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  5. ^ Augendre 2019, pp. 181–199.
  6. ^ Attilio Camoriano (26 March 1965). "Questo il Giro d'Italia" [This is the Tour of Italy] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  7. ^ Gino Sala (29 March 1967). "Questa l'<<avventura rosa>> 1967" [This is the << pink adventure >> 1967] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  8. ^ Gino Sala (22 March 1968). "Questo il <<Giro>> del '68" [This is the <<Giro>> of '68] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  9. ^ "G.P. della Montagna". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 7 June 1969. p. 3. Archived from the original on 23 May 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  10. ^ "La "Rosa" In Cifre" [The "Rose" In Figures]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 8 June 1970. p. 12. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Merckx Rubrico Su Previsto Triunfo" [Merckx Rubric Your Intended Triumph] (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 8 June 1970. p. 30. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  12. ^ "Sono ventisei le montagne" [There are twenty-six mountains] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  13. ^ "G. P. Montagna" [G. P. Mountains]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). June 1971. p. 2. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  14. ^ Gino Sala (25 February 1971). "Da Lecce a Milano Il Giro d'Italia 1971" [Da Lecce a Milano Il Giro d'Italia 1971] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  15. ^ Gino Sala (29 March 1972). "Questo Il <<Giro>> 1972" [This is the 1972 <<Giro>>] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  16. ^ Gino Sala (6 March 1971). "Così il Giro d'Italia 1973" [Thus the Giro d'Italia 1973] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  17. ^ "Le 23 montagne e l'altimetria" [The 23 mountains and altitude] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 16 May 1974. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-03-13. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  18. ^ Gino Sala (11 April 1975). "Questo il <<Giro>> 1975" [This the Giro d'Italia 1975] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  19. ^ Diego Nart (20 May 2011). "Quel 9 giugno del 1976 Gimondi sul Gardeccia costruisce la sua rosa". Alto Adige. Elemedia S.p.A. Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  20. ^ Gino Sala (14 April 1976). "È un <<Giro>> davvero terribile (e 12 giorni dopo c'e il Tour)" [It's a <<Giro>> really terrible (and 12 days later there's the Tour)] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  21. ^ Gino Sala (9 March 1978). "Ecco il <<Giro>>" [Here is the <<Giro>>] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Queste la salite" [These climbs] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 14 May 1979. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  23. ^ Gino Sala (1 February 1980). "Questo il "Giro" 1980" [This is the "Tour" 1980] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  24. ^ "Le tappe e le montagne" [The stages and the mountains] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 22 February 1981. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  25. ^ Gino Sala (21 February 1982). "Sara un Giro d'Italia pieno di insidie" [Sara a Tour of Italy full of pitfalls] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  26. ^ Gino Sala (20 February 1983). "Sara la corsa dei cinque dolomitici Avversari di gran riguardo per <<Beppe>> saranno Contini, Baronchelli, Battaglin, De Wolf, Van Impe, e Moser" [Sara race of the five Dolomite Opponents of much regard for <<Beppe>> will Contini, Baronchelli, Battaglin, De Wolf, Van Impe, and Moser] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  27. ^ "...e tutte le salite" [... and all the climbs] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 13 May 1985. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  28. ^ Gino Sala (9 February 1986). "Giro, dalla Sicilia alle Alpi" [Tour, from Sicily to the Alps]. l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  29. ^ "Da Silva Evito El Segundo Triunfo De Muñoz" [Da Silva Avoids the Muñoz's Second Victory] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 2 June 1986. p. 46. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  30. ^ "Etapas, Puertos Y Kilometrajes" [Stages, Ports and riding distances] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 21 May 1987. p. 31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  31. ^ "From The CW Archives: The 1987 Giro d'Italia Part 4". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Limited. 28 May 2008. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
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