2016 Giro d'Italia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2016 Giro d'Italia
2016 UCI World Tour, race 15 of 28
Vincenzo Nibali, winner of the 2016 Giro d'Italia
Vincenzo Nibali, winner of the 2016 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 6 May – 29 May 2016[1]
Stages 21
Distance 3,467.1 km (2,154 mi)
Results
Winner  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (Astana)
  Second  Esteban Chaves (COL) (Orica–GreenEDGE)
  Third  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) (Movistar Team)

Points  Giacomo Nizzolo (ITA) (Trek–Segafredo)
Mountains  Mikel Nieve (ESP) (Team Sky)
Youth  Bob Jungels (LUX) (Etixx–Quick-Step)
  Team Astana
  Team Points Etixx–Quick-Step
← 2015
2017 →

The 2016 Giro d'Italia was the 99th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tour races. The Giro started in Apeldoorn on 6 May with a 9.8 km (6 mi) individual time trial, followed by two other stages in the Netherlands, both between Nijmegen and Arnhem. After a rest day, there were 18 further stages to reach the finish on 29 May. These stages were principally in Italy, although two stages partly took place in France.[1]

The overall winner was Italian rider Vincenzo Nibali of team Astana, who won his second Giro.

Teams[edit]

All 18 UCI WorldTeams were automatically invited and were obliged to attend the race.[2] The first wildcard invitation was secured at the end of the 2015 cycling season by Wilier Triestina–Southeast. While riding as Southeast Pro Cycling, they won the season-long Coppa Italia series; the winners of the series are automatically awarded an entry into the following year's Giro d'Italia.[3] Two of the remaining three wildcard places were awarded to Italian teams (Bardiani–CSF and Nippo–Vini Fantini); the final place was awarded to the Russian team Gazprom–RusVelo.[4] There were therefore 22 teams in the Giro, each of which consisted of nine riders; there are therefore 198 riders in the peloton at the beginning of the race.[5]

UCI WorldTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favorites[edit]

Pre-race favorites were Vincenzo Nibali, Mikel Landa, Alejandro Valverde, Ilnur Zakarin, Rigoberto Uran, Rafal Majka, Tom Dumoulin, Domenico Pozzovivo, Jakob Fuglsang.[6][7][8]

Route and stages[edit]

Vineyards in the Chianti region, location of the 40.4-kilometre (25.1 mi) individual time trial on Stage 9

Details about the start of the Giro were unveiled on 26 June 2015. It was confirmed that the Netherlands would hold its third Grande Partenza (Big Start) of the Giro, having previously hosted the opening stages of the 2002 and 2010 editions. The stages in the Netherlands will include an individual time trial on the opening day, followed by two road stages suitable for sprinters; to allow for the long transfer, there will be a rest day after the third stage.[9] Stage 9, a 40.4-kilometre (25.1 mi) individual time trial, was announced at a press conference in London on 7 September 2015[10] and the mountainous Stage 13 was confirmed at a press conference on 21 September 2015.[11] The remainder of the route was unveiled by the race director, Mauro Vegni, on 5 October 2015.[12] After the three stages in the Netherlands, the race moves to Calabria in the south of Italy. The route generally takes the riders north, frequently visiting the Apennines, with stages in the mountains of Friuli and the Dolomites coming later in the race. The final and most difficult part of the Giro comes in the final week, with stages in the Alps.[13]

After a series of moderately hilly stages, the first summit finish comes at the end of Stage 6.[14] It is followed by two more hilly stages, the second of which includes a sterrato (dirt) climb in the final 25 kilometres (16 mi).[12] The ninth stage is expected to be one of the most important for deciding the overall winner of the race: it is a 40.4-kilometre (25.1 mi) individual time trial through the Chianti region. The second rest day followed the time trial.[15] After the rest day, Stage 10 includes the second summit finish of the race – although it was only a third-category climb – which came at the end of a very hilly second half of the stage.[12] After two fairly flat stages, the race again enters the mountains towards the end of the second week, with the difficult Stage 13 ending with two mountains shortly before the finish in Cividale del Friuli. The second weekend takes place in the Dolomites: Stage 14 includes six major climbs, while Stage 15 is a 10.8-kilometre (6.7 mi) mountain time trial to Alpe di Siusi. After the final rest day, the third week of the Giro begins with a rolling stage that includes a climb in the final 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), then two more fairly flat days.[12][13] Stages 19 and 20 again take the riders into the high mountains: Stage 19 finishes on the 12.8-kilometre (8.0 mi) climb of Risoul in France,[16] then Stage 20 includes three first-category climbs on the way to another summit finish.[17] The final stage takes place over a sprinter-friendly circuit in Turin.[15]

After the start in the Netherlands, the Stages 19 and 20 leave Italy and visit France.[13] In comparison with the previous year's race, the race was 14.7 kilometres (9 mi) shorter; it contained one more rest day and two more individual time trials. Unlike the previous edition, there was no team time trial.[18][19]

List of stages[19]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 6 May Apeldoorn (Netherlands) 9.8 km (6 mi) Individual time trial  Tom Dumoulin (NED)
2 7 May Arnhem (Netherlands) – Nijmegen (Netherlands) 190 km (118 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
3 8 May Nijmegen (Netherlands) – Arnhem (Netherlands) 190 km (118 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
9 May Rest day
4 10 May CatanzaroPraia a Mare 200 km (124 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Diego Ulissi (ITA)
5 11 May Praia a MareBenevento 233 km (145 mi) Hillystage.svg Hilly stage  André Greipel (GER)
6 12 May PonteRoccaraso 157 km (98 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Tim Wellens (BEL)
7 13 May SulmonaFoligno 211 km (131 mi) Hillystage.svg Hilly stage  André Greipel (GER)
8 14 May FolignoArezzo 186 km (116 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Gianluca Brambilla (ITA)
9 15 May Chianti Classico Stage
Radda in ChiantiGreve in Chianti
40.5 km (25 mi) Individual time trial  Primož Roglič (SLO)
16 May Rest day
10 17 May Campi BisenzioSestola 219 km (136 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Giulio Ciccone (ITA)
11 18 May ModenaAsolo 227 km (141 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Diego Ulissi (ITA)
12 19 May NoaleBibione 182 km (113 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
13 20 May PalmanovaCividale del Friuli 170 km (106 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Mikel Nieve (ESP)
14 21 May Alpago (Farra)Corvara (Alta Badia) 210 km (130 mi) Mountain stage  Esteban Chaves (COL)
15 22 May Castelrotto/KastelruthAlpe di Siusi/Seiser Alm 10.8 km (7 mi) Mountain Time Trial Stage.svg Mountain time trial  Alexander Foliforov (RUS)
23 May Rest day
16 24 May Bressanone/BrixenAndalo 132 km (82 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Alejandro Valverde (ESP)
17 25 May MolvenoCassano d'Adda 196 km (122 mi) Flat stage  Roger Kluge (GER)
18 26 May MuggiòPinerolo 244 km (152 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Matteo Trentin (ITA)
19 27 May PineroloRisoul (France) 162 km (101 mi) Mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
20 28 May Guillestre (France) – Sant'Anna di Vinadio 134 km (83 mi) Mountain stage  Rein Taaramäe (EST)
21 29 May CuneoTorino 163 km (101 mi) Flat stage  Nikias Arndt (GER)

Race overview[edit]

Tom Dumoulin won the first stage of the race and became the first leader.

The race began with an individual time trial in Apeldoorn. Fabian Cancellara was the favourite, aiming to become the leader of the Giro for the first time in his career. But a stomach bug left him eighth on the stage, and instead, home rider Tom Dumoulin powered through to win. He had the same time as second placed Primož Roglič, while Costa Rican rider, Andrey Amador, came in third, six seconds behind.[20] Ultimately, the Dutchman took honours and collected the first Maglia Rosa of the race. The next two stages in the Netherlands, held between Nijmegen and Arnhem, were both won by Marcel Kittel. Having lost 11 seconds in the opening time trial, the two ten second time bonuses gave the German the pink jersey after the third stage.

Marcel Kittel claimed two stages and was the race leader for one day.

After an early rest day, the race resumed in the south of Italy, with a hilly affair. Diego Ulissi took stage honours, after attacking on the final third category climb. Kittel was dropped on the same ascent and, together with Dumoulin's finish in second place, meant that the Dutchman regained the Maglia Rosa. Stage 5 was flat, and won by André Greipel. The sixth stage, however, was seen as an important one – it was the first summit finish of the Giro, in Roccaraso. It was won by Tim Wellens, who joined the successful breakaway partway through the stage. Amongst the GC contenders, Dumoulin gained approximately ten seconds over his rivals, and secured himself in the Maglia Rosa. Vincenzo Nibali lost seconds, due to bad team tactics from Astana. Greipel took stage 7, Lotto–Soudal's third consecutive victory.

Stage 8 featured the sterrato (dirt) climb of Alpe di Poti. Gianluca Brambilla took the victory in Arezzo. However, behind him, a battle amongst the general classification favourites commenced. Dumoulin was dropped, and lost a minute to the other favourites while Brambilla's advantage was sufficient to give him the pink jersey, the first Italian to wear it during the 2016 Giro. The next stage, the Chianti Classico Stage, was won by Roglič; his first ever victory in a Grand tour stage. The stage was held in falling rain, and this influenced the times of the GC favourites. Bob Jungels moved behind Brambilla, but failed to take the jersey, thanks to a one-second difference. Mikel Landa also moved forward in the general classification despite being expected to lose time. Stage 10 was the second summit finish, in Sestola, and was won by Giulio Ciccone. Landa climbed off after suffering from fever while Brambilla sacrificed his maglia rosa to work for his teammate, Jungels, who proceeded to take the maglia rosa at the day's end. Stage 11 was a fairly flat stage but there was a late fourth category climb where moves were expected to be made. Dumoulin, suffering from saddle sores, departed the Giro at the stage's feed zone while Amador attacked the favourites with 13 kilometers to go. Maglia rosa wearer, Jungels, tracked his move while Ulissi came back on the descent. The trio worked together to stay away with Ulissi winning the stage in the sprint while Jungels extended his lead further. The next stage was a flat stage, with Greipel winning his third stage in the race. Greipel, along with some sprinters, withdrew from the race after the stage.

The next few stages before the third rest day were expected to be crucial in terms of the GC. Stage 13 was won by Mikel Nieve of Team Sky while Jungels was dropped on the final ascent. Amador was also dropped briefly on the climb before coming back on the descent, taking the maglia rosa in the process as Jungels lost 50 seconds. Stage 14 was the queen stage of the race, featuring six categorized climbs before the descent to Corvara. Esteban Chaves took the stage honors after outsprinting Steven Kruijswijk, who took the maglia rosa, and Georg Preidler. Nibali lit up the fight for the GC on the final climb to Valparola, attacking with 27 kilometers to go. His attack dropped Amador and Alejandro Valverde, who both lost three minutes on the stage. Kruijswijk would attack close to the summit, with Chaves, after dropping Nibali, the only rider to keep up with him. Nibali lost more than half a minute after the stage. Stage 15 was the third individual time trial of the race, featuring the ascent to Alpe di Siusi. Alexander Foliforov surprised the GC favorites to win the stage, narrowly beating Kruijswijk by around a hundredth of a second. Kruijswijk extended his lead to more than two minutes over second-placed Chaves as Nibali suffered a mechanical on the climb, losing more than two minutes in the process. Stage 16 was a short stage which was won by Valverde, who outsprinted Kruijswijk on the line. Kruijswijk extended his lead in the general classification to three minutes as Chaves lost 42 seconds while Nibali cracked on the last climb. He lost almost two minutes to drop to fourth overall, almost five minutes down. Stage 17 was a pan flat stage, with Roger Kluge of IAM Cycling winning after surprising the remaining sprinters with an attack in the final kilometer. The win happened two days after his team announced its folding at the end of the season.

Stage 18 was another fairly flat stage but the stage included a late second category climb to Pramartino and the uncategorized ascent of San Maurizio. Matteo Trentin won from a breakaway while the GC contenders finished around 14 minutes behind. Stage 19 was the first to head into the high mountains, featuring the Cima Coppi, the Colle Dell'Agnello, and the summit finish to Risoul in France. Michele Scarponi took the Cima Coppi while Valverde, Ilnur Zakarin and Rafal Majka were dropped. On the descent, both Kruijswijk and Zakarin crashed with Zakarin suffered a broken collarbone and shoulder blade, forcing him to withdraw from the race. The day proved to be a redemption for Nibali as he won the stage after dropping Chaves on the climb to Risoul. Meanwhile, Kruijswijk crossed the line almost five minutes down on Nibali and more than four minutes behind Chaves. Chaves took the maglia rosa with a 44-second advantage over Nibali as Kruijswijk, who would later be diagnosed with a fractured rib, fell to third overall at a minute and five seconds behinds. Stage 20 was the final decisive stage in terms of the general classification, with three first category climbs on the menu and the steep third category climb to the finish at Sant'Anna di Vinadio. Nibali attack started 4 km to the summit of Lombarda, and reached the GPM 56 seconds ahead of Chaves. In the last 10 kilometers its progression was irresistible reaching the end of the stage at Santuary of Sant’Anna with 1’36’’ on Chaves, becoming the new and last maglia rosa of the giro d'Italia number 99. The podium was completed by Chaves, second, and Valverde.

Classification leadership[edit]

In the Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys are awarded. The first and most important is the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Riders receive time bonuses (10, 6 and 4 seconds respectively) for finishing in the first three places on each stage (excluding the team time trial and individual time trial). The rider with the lowest cumulative time is awarded the pink jersey (the maglia rosa) and is considered the winner of the Giro d'Italia.[21][22]

Additionally, there is a points classification. Riders win points for finishing in the top 15 on each stage. Flat stages award more points that mountainous stages, meaning that this classification tends to favour sprinters. In addition, points can be won in intermediate sprints. The winner of the points classification win the red jersey.[21][22]

There is also a mountains classification. Points are awarded for reaching the top of a climb towards the front of the race. Each climb will be categorized as either first, second, third, or fourth-category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awards more points than the other first-category climbs. At 2,744 metres (9,003 ft), the Cima Coppi for the 2016 Giro d'Italia is the Col Agnel.[23]

The fourth jersey represents the young rider classification. This is decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1991 are eligible. The winner of the classification is awarded a white jersey.[21]

There are also two classifications for teams. In the Trofeo Fast Team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage are added up; the leading team is one with the lowest total time. The Trofeo Super Team is a team points classification, with the top 20 riders of each stage earning points (20 for first place, 19 for second place and so on, down to a single point for 20th) for their team.[21]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
A pink jersey
Points classification
A red jersey
Mountains classification
A blue jersey
Young rider classification
A white jersey
Trofeo Fast Team Trofeo Super Team
1 Tom Dumoulin Tom Dumoulin Tom Dumoulin not awarded Tobias Ludvigsson Team Giant–Alpecin Team Giant–Alpecin
2 Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Omar Fraile
3 Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Maarten Tjallingii Etixx–Quick-Step
4 Diego Ulissi Tom Dumoulin Damiano Cunego Bob Jungels Astana
5 André Greipel
6 Tim Wellens
7 André Greipel André Greipel Tim Wellens Lotto–Soudal
8 Gianluca Brambilla Gianluca Brambilla Etixx–Quick-Step Etixx–Quick-Step
9 Primož Roglič
10 Giulio Ciccone Bob Jungels Damiano Cunego Movistar Team
11 Diego Ulissi
12 André Greipel
13 Mikel Nieve Andrey Amador Giacomo Nizzolo
14 Esteban Chaves Steven Kruijswijk Astana
15 Alexander Foliforov LottoNL–Jumbo
16 Alejandro Valverde
17 Roger Kluge
18 Matteo Trentin Etixx–Quick-Step
19 Vincenzo Nibali Esteban Chaves
20 Rein Taaramäe Vincenzo Nibali Mikel Nieve
21 Nikias Arndt
Final Vincenzo Nibali Giacomo Nizzolo Mikel Nieve Bob Jungels Astana Etixx–Quick-Step
Notes
  • In stage 2, Primož Roglič, who was second in the points classification, wore the red jersey, because Tom Dumoulin (in first place) wore the pink jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
  • In stage 4, Elia Viviani, who was third in the points classification, wore the red jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the pink jersey as leader of the general classification and Maarten Tjallingii (in second place) wore the blue jersey as leader of the mountains classification during that stage.
  • In stages 11–13, Davide Formolo, who was second in the youth classification, wore the white jersey, because Bob Jungels (in first place) wore the pink jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
  • In stage 13, Giacomo Nizzolo, who was second in the points classification, wore the red jersey, because André Greipel (in first place) did not start that stage.

Final standings[edit]

Legend
A pink jersey Denotes the leader of the General classification A blue jersey Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification
A red jersey Denotes the leader of the Points classification A white jersey Denotes the leader of the Young rider classification

General classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) General classification Astana 86h 32' 49"
2  Esteban Chaves (COL) Orica–GreenEDGE + 52"
3  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team + 1' 17"
4  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) LottoNL–Jumbo + 1' 50"
5  Rafał Majka (POL) Tinkoff + 4' 37"
6  Bob Jungels (LUX) Young rider classification Etixx–Quick-Step + 8' 31"
7  Rigoberto Urán (COL) Cannondale + 11' 47"
8  Andrey Amador (CRC) Movistar Team + 13' 21"
9  Darwin Atapuma (COL) BMC Racing Team + 14' 09"
10  Kanstantsin Sivtsov (BLR) Team Dimension Data + 16' 20"

Points classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Giacomo Nizzolo (ITA) Points classification Trek–Segafredo 209
2  Matteo Trentin (ITA) Etixx–Quick-Step 184
3  Sacha Modolo (ITA) Lampre–Merida 163
4  Diego Ulissi (ITA) Lampre–Merida 156
5  Daniel Oss (ITA) BMC Racing Team 133
6  Maarten Tjallingii (NED) LottoNL–Jumbo 103
7  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 92
8  Nikias Arndt (GER) Team Giant–Alpecin 88
9  Alexander Porsev (RUS) Team Katusha 80
10  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) LottoNL–Jumbo 76

Mountains classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Mikel Nieve (ESP) Mountains classification Team Sky 152
2  Damiano Cunego (ITA) Nippo–Vini Fantini 134
3  Darwin Atapuma (COL) BMC Racing Team 118
4  Stefan Denifl (AUT) IAM Cycling 109
5  Giovanni Visconti (ITA) Movistar Team 77
6  Alexander Foliforov (RUS) Gazprom–RusVelo 66
7  Rein Taaramäe (EST) Team Katusha 62
8  David López (ESP) Team Sky 54
9  Michele Scarponi (ITA) Astana 51
10  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) LottoNL–Jumbo 42

Young rider classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Bob Jungels (LUX) Young rider classification Etixx–Quick-Step 86h 41' 20"
2  Sebastián Henao (COL) Team Sky + 29' 38"
3  Valerio Conti (ITA) Lampre–Merida + 1h 10' 07"
4  Davide Formolo (ITA) Cannondale + 1h 18' 48"
5  Joe Dombrowski (USA) Cannondale + 1h 24' 25"
6  Merhawi Kudus (ERI) Team Dimension Data + 1h 46' 03"
7  Carlos Verona (ESP) Etixx–Quick-Step + 1h 57' 26"
8  Alexander Foliforov (RUS) Gazprom–RusVelo + 1h 58' 06"
9  Nathan Brown (USA) Cannondale + 2h 06' 47"
10  Tobias Ludvigsson (SWE) Team Giant–Alpecin + 2h 12' 42"

Trofeo Fast Team[edit]

Team Time
1 Astana 260h 02' 35"
2 Cannondale + 6' 57"
3 Movistar Team + 21' 00"
5 AG2R La Mondiale + 53' 52"
5 Team Sky + 1h 04' 21"
6 Etixx–Quick-Step + 1h 37' 53"
7 Tinkoff + 1h 40' 44"
8 Team Katusha + 2h 06' 36"
9 Team Dimension Data + 2h 53' 26"
10 Lampre–Merida + 3h 15' 00"

Minor classifications[edit]

Several other minor classifications are awarded. The first is the intermediate sprint classification. Each road stage has two sprints – the Traguardi Volanti. The first riders across the intermediate sprint lines are awarded points; the rider with the most points at the end of the race wins the classification. This classification was won by Daniel Oss (BMC Racing Team). Another classification – the combativity prize (Italian: Premio Combattività) – involves points awarded to the first riders at the stage finishes, at intermediate sprints, and at the summits of categorised climbs. It was won by Matteo Trentin (Etixx–Quick-Step). There is also a breakaway award (Italian: Premio della Fuga). For this, points are awarded to each rider in any breakaway smaller than 10 riders that escapes for at least 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). Each rider is awarded a point for each kilometre that the rider was away from the peloton. The rider with the most points at the end of the Giro wins the award. It was also won by Daniel Oss (BMC Racing Team). The final classification is a "fair play" ranking for each team. Teams are given penalty points for infringing various rules. These range from half-point penalties, for offences that merit warnings from race officials, to a 2000-point penalty, for a positive doping test. The team that has the lowest points total at the end of the Giro wins the classification. It was won by LottoNL–Jumbo that did not receive any penalty points during the Giro, like 4 other teams. However, out of all of them, they had the highest placed rider in the general classification.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Giro d'Italia 2016". La Gazzetta dello Sport. 
  2. ^ "UCI Cycling Regulations: Part 2: Road Races page 110 article 2.15.127" (PDF). Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "News shorts: Meares aiming high for record-breaking Rio Olympics". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Giro d'Italia 2016 wildcard invitations announced". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Giro d'Italia (start list)". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Giro d'Italia – Winner betting odds". williamhill.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Who Will Win The Giro?". inrng.com. 
  8. ^ "Race Preview: Giro d'Italia 2016 – VeloNews.com". 
  9. ^ Farrand, Stephen (26 June 2015). "2016 Giro d'Italia to start in the Netherlands". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "2016 Giro d'Italia to feature rolling 40 km time trial through Chianti vineyards". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "Giro d'Italia reveals mountainous stage 13 for 2016 route". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 21 September 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Giro d'Italia 2016 route officially revealed". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Farrand, Stephen (27 April 2016). "Giro d'Italia 2016 preview: A race of discovery". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Preview: 2016 Giro d'Italia — Stage 6 – VeloNews.com". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Cash, Dane. "Race Preview: Giro d'Italia 2016". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  16. ^ "Preview: 2016 Giro d'Italia — Stage 19". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Preview: 2016 Giro d'Italia — Stage 20". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Giro d'Italia (2015 stages)". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "Giro d'Italia (2016 stages)". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Results: 2016 Giro d'Italia, stage 1 – VeloNews.com". 6 May 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c d Laura, Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cyclingnews.com. Future plc. Retrieved 27 August 2009. 
  22. ^ a b "Giro revamps time bonus and points systems for 2014 edition". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Giro d'Italia climbs by the numbers – VeloNews.com". VeloNews.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 

External links[edit]