195 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
195 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar195 BC
Ab urbe condita559
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 129
- PharaohPtolemy V Epiphanes, 9
Ancient Greek era146th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4556
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−787
Berber calendar756
Buddhist calendar350
Burmese calendar−832
Byzantine calendar5314–5315
Chinese calendar乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2502 or 2442
    — to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
2503 or 2443
Coptic calendar−478 – −477
Discordian calendar972
Ethiopian calendar−202 – −201
Hebrew calendar3566–3567
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−138 – −137
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2906–2907
Holocene calendar9806
Iranian calendar816 BP – 815 BP
Islamic calendar841 BH – 840 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2139
Minguo calendar2106 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1662
Seleucid era117/118 AG
Thai solar calendar348–349
Tibetan calendar阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
−68 or −449 or −1221
    — to —
(male Fire-Horse)
−67 or −448 or −1220

Year 195 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Flaccus and Cato (or, less frequently, year 559 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 195 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Because of his administrative and constitutional reforms in Carthage, Hannibal becomes unpopular with an important faction of the Carthaginian nobility and he is denounced to the Romans for inciting the Seleucid king Antiochus III to take up arms against the Romans. Rome demands that Carthage surrender Hannibal. However, Hannibal voluntarily goes into exile.

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Tensions between Antiochus III and Rome increase when Hannibal is given refuge by Antiochus III at Ephesus and becomes his adviser.
  • After Roman diplomatic intervention, Antiochus III finally halts his war with Egypt. In the peace agreement (the Peace of Lysimachia), Antiochus III formally takes possession of southern Syria, which has been fought over for 100 years by the Ptolemies and Seleucids, and also takes possession of the Egyptian territories in Anatolia.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • A Spanish revolt against Roman consolidation of the ex-Carthaginian colonies is effectively put down by Marcus Porcius Cato ("the Censor"). He avoids one defeat by paying the Celtiberians 200 talents (around 120,000 denarii), a much-criticised tactic. On Cato's return to Rome, Aemilius Paulus succeeds him as Roman governor in Spain.
  • The Roman sumptuary law, the Lex Oppia, which restricts not only a woman's wealth, but also her display of wealth, is repealed despite consul Marcus Porcius Cato's strong opposition.


  • The Battle of Gythium is fought between Sparta and a coalition of Rome, Rhodes, the Achaean League and Pergamum. As the port of Gythium is an important Spartan base, the allies decide to capture it before they advance inland to Sparta. The Romans and the Acheans are joined outside the city by the Pergamese and Rhodian fleets. The Spartans hold out, however the pro-consul Titus Quinctius Flamininus arrives with 4,000 extra men. Facing too great an army, the Spartans decide to surrender the city on the condition that the garrison can leave unharmed. As a result, Nabis, the tyrant of Sparta, is forced to abandon the surrounding land and withdraw to the city of Sparta. Later that year, Sparta capitulates to the allies.







  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2011). The Road to the Throne: How Liu Bang Founded China's Han Dynasty. pp. 219–225. ISBN 978-0875868387.
  2. ^ Geography at about.com