197 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
197 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar197 BC
Ab urbe condita557
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 127
- PharaohPtolemy V Epiphanes, 7
Ancient Greek era145th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar4554
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−789
Berber calendar754
Buddhist calendar348
Burmese calendar−834
Byzantine calendar5312–5313
Chinese calendar癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
2500 or 2440
    — to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
2501 or 2441
Coptic calendar−480 – −479
Discordian calendar970
Ethiopian calendar−204 – −203
Hebrew calendar3564–3565
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−140 – −139
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2904–2905
Holocene calendar9804
Iranian calendar818 BP – 817 BP
Islamic calendar843 BH – 842 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2137
Minguo calendar2108 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1664
Seleucid era115/116 AG
Thai solar calendar346–347
Tibetan calendar阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
−70 or −451 or −1223
    — to —
(male Wood-Dragon)
−69 or −450 or −1222

Year 197 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Cethegus and Rufus (or, less frequently, year 557 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 197 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Asia Minor[edit]



  • The Spartan ruler, Nabis, acquires the important city of Argos from Philip V of Macedon, as the price of his alliance with the Macedonians. Nabis then defects to the Romans in the expectation of being able to hold on to his conquest.
  • The Battle of Cynoscephalae in Thessaly gives a Roman army under pro-consul Titus Quinctius Flamininus a decisive victory over Philip V of Macedon. In the Treaty of Tempe, the terms of the peace proposed by the Roman general and adopted by the Roman Senate specify that Philip V can retain his throne and control of Macedonia, but he has to abandon all the Greek cities he has conquered. Philip also has to provide to the Romans 1,000 talents as indemnity, surrender most of his fleet and provide hostages, including his younger son, Demetrius, who is to be held in Rome. The Aetolians propose that Philip V be ejected from his throne but Flamininus opposes this.
  • The volcanic island of Hiera emerges from under the sea near Thera.