256 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
256 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 256 BC
Ab urbe condita 498
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 68
- Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 28
Ancient Greek era 131st Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4495
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −848
Berber calendar 695
Buddhist calendar 289
Burmese calendar −893
Byzantine calendar 5253–5254
Chinese calendar 甲辰(Wood Dragon)
2441 or 2381
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2442 or 2382
Coptic calendar −539 – −538
Discordian calendar 911
Ethiopian calendar −263 – −262
Hebrew calendar 3505–3506
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −199 – −198
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2845–2846
Holocene calendar 9745
Iranian calendar 877 BP – 876 BP
Islamic calendar 904 BH – 903 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2078
Minguo calendar 2167 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1723
Seleucid era 56/57 AG
Thai solar calendar 287–288
Tibetan calendar 阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
−129 or −510 or −1282
    — to —
(female Wood-Snake)
−128 or −509 or −1281

Year 256 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Longus and Caedicius/Regulus (or, less frequently, year 498 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 256 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Rome aims for a quick end to hostilities in the First Punic War and decides to invade the Carthaginian colonies in Northern Africa to force the enemy to accept terms. A major fleet is built, including transports for the army and its equipment, and warships for their protection. Carthage under Hamilcar tries to intervene but a force under the Roman general and consul Marcus Atilius Regulus and his colleague Lucius Manlius Vulso Longus defeat the Carthaginian fleet in the Battle of Cape Ecnomus off the southern coast of Sicily.
  • Following the Battle of Cape Ecnomus, the Romans land an army near Carthage and begin ravaging the Carthaginian countryside. The Roman army soon forces the capitulation of Clupea, a town 40 miles (64 kilometres) east of Carthage. After setting up Roman defenses for the city, the two consuls receive instructions from Rome that Vulso is to set sail for Rome, taking most of the fleet with him. Regulus, on the other hand, is to stay with the infantry and cavalry to finish the war.