1975 United States Grand Prix

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United States  1975 United States Grand Prix
Race details
Race 14 of 14 in the 1975 Formula One season
Watkins Glen 1975-1983.png
Date October 5, 1975
Official name XVIII United States Grand Prix
Location Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course
Watkins Glen, New York
Course Permanent road course
Course length 5.435 km (3.377 mi)
Distance 59 laps, 320.67 km (199.24 mi)
Weather Partly sunny with temperatures reaching a maximum of 69.1 °F (20.6 °C); wind speeds up to 14 miles per hour (23 km/h)[1]
Pole position
Driver Ferrari
Time 1:42.003
Fastest lap
Driver Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi McLaren-Ford
Time 1:43.374 on lap 43
Podium
First Ferrari
Second McLaren-Ford
Third McLaren-Ford
Niki Lauda won the race for Ferrari.

The 1975 United States Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on October 5, 1975 at the Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course in Watkins Glen, New York. It was the 25th United States Grand Prix since the first American Grand Prize was held in 1908 and the 18th since the first United States Grand Prix at Riverside in 1958.

The race was won by the new world champion, Austrian driver Niki Lauda driving a Ferrari 312T. Lauda took his fifth win for the season by a four-second margin over outgoing world champion, Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi in a McLaren M23. Fittipaldi's West German team mate Jochen Mass finished third. The second place allowed Fittipaldi to confirm runner's up position in the points race after a half-season long battle with Argentine Brabham driver Carlos Reutemann, although Fittipaldi's McLaren team would fall one point short of overhauling Brabham in the Constructors battle to be second behind Ferrari.


Summary[edit]

Ferrari had already taken eight poles, five wins, the Drivers' Championship and the Constructor's Championship in 1975, but had never won the United States Grand Prix. Nor had any driver ever won the American race in the year he claimed the title. New world champion Niki Lauda took pole position and won the race to interrupt both of these streaks.

There was controversy before practice began. The Canadian Grand Prix had been cancelled and the organizers had arrived in the paddock with a writ to freeze the prize money over legal wrangles. There were also disputes with the Grand Prix Drivers Association over transfer fees and wages.

The track had been modified for this race by the addition of the "Scheckter chicane" at the bottom of the hill entering the esses. After François Cevert's fatal crash there two years earlier, the corner was deemed to be too fast. Named for the Tyrrell driver who suggested it, the chicane was expected to add nearly five seconds to the lap times.

Mark Donohue had been fatally injured in practice for the Austrian Grand Prix, and John Watson had replaced Donohue on the Penske team. Lauda was quickest from the start, as the drivers got accustomed to the new layout. Vittorio Brambilla briefly registered in with quickest time on Friday, just one hundredth of a second better than Lauda. Lauda's engine developed a vibration, but the Austrian used the spare car to beat the March's time by almost a second. On Saturday, it was Emerson Fittipaldi who briefly held the pole at 1:42.360, but Lauda answered his challenge as well, ending the discussion at 1:42.003. Carlos Reutemann, Jean-Pierre Jarier, Mario Andretti and Brambilla took the rest of the top six positions on the grid.

On race days, Watson's Penske suffered electrical problems in the morning warmup. As he was being towed in, the crew retrieved the display car from the First National Citibank podium in the paddock and prepared it to enter the race. Lella Lombardi's Williams suffered an electrical failure, and her teammate Jacques Laffite was unable to race after mistaking visor cleaning fluid for his eyedrops.[citation needed] Lombardi tried to use Laffite's car, but she didn't fit.

Tom Pryce in a Shadow DN5 during the race.

Lauda led the field away from the grid and through the new chicane for the first time, followed by Fittipaldi, Jarier, Brambilla, Reutemann and Andretti. Carlos Pace and Patrick Depailler collided on lap 2, both retiring from the race as a result.

The gap between Lauda's Ferrari and Fittipaldi's McLaren settled at about one second. Mass, who had moved up to sixth, suddenly lost three places to Andretti, James Hunt, and Ronnie Peterson when he accidentally switched off his engine. On the next lap, with Mass now immediately in front of him, Clay Regazzoni smashed his nose against the rear wheel of the McLaren and lost more than a lap as he pitted for a new one. On lap 10, Reutemann's engine expired and Andretti's front suspension collapsed. This left Lauda and Fittipaldi twelve seconds ahead of Jarier, who was five seconds clear of a group containing Hunt, Brambilla, Mass, Peterson and Scheckter.

Lauda's teammate Regazzoni was caught by the leaders on lap 18, after his lengthy pit stop. He let Lauda by, but held up Fittipaldi for six laps, despite blue flags being waved to indicate that he should be let through. Eventually Regazzoni was black flagged. Clerk of the course Berdie Martin brought Regazzoni in for a warning, which led Ferrari manager Luca di Montezemolo to withdrew Regazzoni from the race in protest.[clarification needed]

Back on the track, Fittipaldi was now 15 seconds behind Lauda, Jarier had retired with a seized rear wheel bearing, Brambilla dropped back to seventh suffering from loose seat supports, and Hunt, Mass, Peterson and Scheckter were battling for third. Mass overtook Hunt on lap 33. With nine laps to go, Peterson also passed Hunt, who was struggling with his gear selection and brake balance. Three laps from the finish, Mass's brakes began to fade, and Peterson closed, but locked up his left front tire under braking. The resulting flat spot slowed him enough for Hunt to retake fourth on the last lap. Lauda took the win by just under five seconds.

This was the final race for Tony Brise and Embassy Racing with Graham Hill. On the evening of 29 November 1975, double-world champion Graham Hill was piloting a Piper Aztec light aircraft from France to London. His passengers were team manager Ray Brimble, driver Tony Brise, designer Andy Smallman and mechanics Terry Richards and Tony Alcock. They were returning from Circuit Paul Ricard where they had been testing the GH2 car being prepared for 1976. They were due to land at Elstree airfield before onward travel to London to attend a party. Shortly before 10pm, the plane hit trees beside a golf course at Arkley in thick fog. In the ensuing crash and explosion, everyone on board was killed.[2][3] As the team now only consisted of the deputy team manager and two mechanics. It was impossible to continue, and so the team was closed down.[4][5]

Classification[edit]

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 12 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari 59 1:42:58.175 1 9
2 1 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi McLaren-Ford 59 + 4.943 s 2 6
3 2 West Germany Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford 59 + 47.637 s 9 4
4 24 United Kingdom James Hunt Hesketh-Ford 59 + 49.475 s 15 3
5 5 Sweden Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford 59 + 49.986 s 14 2
6 3 South Africa Jody Scheckter Tyrrell-Ford 59 + 50.321 s 10 1
7 9 Italy Vittorio Brambilla March-Ford 59 + 1:44.031 6  
8 10 West Germany Hans Joachim Stuck March-Ford 58 + 1 Lap 13  
9 28 United Kingdom John Watson Penske-Ford 57 + 2 laps 12  
10 30 Brazil Wilson Fittipaldi Fittipaldi-Ford 55 + 4 Laps 23  
NC 16 United Kingdom Tom Pryce Shadow-Ford 52 Not Classified 7  
NC 6 United Kingdom Brian Henton Lotus-Ford 49 Not Classified 19  
Ret 25 United States Brett Lunger Hesketh-Ford 46 Accident 18  
Ret 31 Netherlands Roelof Wunderink Ensign-Ford 41 Gearbox 22  
WD 11 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Ferrari 28 Black Flag 11  
Ret 17 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Shadow-Ford 19 Wheel bearing 4  
Ret 7 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford 9 Engine 3  
Ret 27 United States Mario Andretti Parnelli-Ford 9 Suspension 5  
Ret 23 United Kingdom Tony Brise Hill-Ford 5 Accident 17  
Ret 15 France Michel Leclère Tyrrell-Ford 5 Engine 20  
Ret 4 France Patrick Depailler Tyrrell-Ford 2 Accident 8  
Ret 8 Brazil Carlos Pace Brabham-Ford 2 Accident 16  
DNS 21 France Jacques Laffite Williams-Ford Physical 21
DNS 20 Italy Lella Lombardi Williams-Ford Ignition 24

Standings after the race[edit]

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Only the best 6 results from the first 7 races and the best 6 results from the last 7 races counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weather information for the "1975 United States Grand Prix"". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2013-11-11. 
  2. ^ BBC, This day in history-- 1975: Graham Hill killed in air crash.
  3. ^ Graham Hill, 46, Retired Racer, In Fatal Crash Piloting His Plane. UPI News Service. December 1, 1975 (Monday) New York Times archive
  4. ^ "Motor racing legend Graham Hill killed in a plane crash". The Guardian (London: Guardian Newspapers). 2 December 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Bardon, P. "Report on the accident at Arkley Golf Course". AAIB Formal Reports. Air Accidents Investigations Branch. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 

External links[edit]

  • Doug Nye (1978). The United States Grand Prix and Grand Prize Races, 1908–1977. B. T. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1263-1
  • Rob Walker (January, 1976). "17th United States Grand Prix: Ferrari's First World Championship Formula 1 Win In America". Road & Track, 70–73.


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1975 Italian Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1975 season
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1976 Brazilian Grand Prix
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1974 United States Grand Prix
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1976 United States Grand Prix