Shadow Racing Cars
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|Full name||Shadow Racing Cars Inc.|
|Base||Northampton, United Kingdom|
|Noted staff|| Jackie Oliver|
|Noted drivers|| Jean-Pierre Jarier |
|Formula One World Championship career|
|First entry||1973 South African Grand Prix|
|Final entry||1980 French Grand Prix|
Shadow Racing Cars was a Formula One and sports car racing team, founded and initially based in the United States although later Formula One operations were run from the British base in Northampton. The team held an American licence from 1973 to 1975 and a British licence from 1976 to 1980, thus becoming the first constructor to officially change its nationality. Their only F1 victory, at the 1977 Austrian Grand Prix, was achieved as a British team.
1968–1972: Early years in CanAm series
The company was founded by Don Nichols in California in 1968 as Advanced Vehicle Systems; the cars were called Shadows, designed by Trevor Harris and entered under the Shadow Racing Inc. banner. The first Shadows, the Mk.Is, were entered in the CanAm series with George Follmer and Vic Elford driving them. The Mk.1 featured an innovative design, using very small wheels for low drag and, although the car was quick, it was not the most reliable car in the field
The team became more competitive the following year, replacing the Harris car with a Peter Bryant design owing some elements to his Ti22 "titanium car" with Jackie Oliver also arriving from this effort and finishing eighth in the CanAm championship. The team also found some financial backing from Universal Oil Products (UOP).
Shadow came to dominate the shortened 1974 series, although by this point they were competing largely against privateers, the works McLaren and Porsche efforts having left the series.
1973–1974: Entry into Formula One
Towards the end of 1972, Nichols announced that he was entering his team into Formula One with UOP sponsored cars designed by Tony Southgate, who had designed the BRM that gave Jean-Pierre Beltoise victory at the Monaco Grand Prix the previous year.
The team debuted in Formula One at the 1973 South African Grand Prix with the Shadow DN1 chassis. Two cars were available for drivers Oliver and Follmer, as well as a private entry for Graham Hill who ran his car under the Embassy Hill banner.
For 1974, the team hired two of the most promising drivers of the time: American Peter Revson and Frenchman Jean-Pierre Jarier. During a practice run for the South African Grand Prix, Revson was killed by a suspension failure on his DN3. He was replaced by Tom Pryce.
1975–1977: Peak of success
The new DN5 driven by Jarier gained pole position in the two first Grands Prix of the 1975 season but suffered mechanical failure in both races. The DN5 and most other Shadow Formula One cars used Ford Cosworth DFV engines, which produced around 490 bhp. However, later in 1975 another car was driven by Jarier, the DN7, and was fitted with a Matra V12 engine producing around 550 bhp. The wheelbase was substantially lengthened to accommodate the much larger and more expensive French powerplant, although due to budgetary issues, the Matra-powered DN7 was doomed as a one-off. Jarier's new teammate, Pryce, won the non-championship Race of Champions that same year. Pryce died in an accident involving a marshal at the 1977 South African Grand Prix. The marshal, Frederick Jansen Van Vuuren, had been running across the track to put out a small fire on the other Shadow car, and his injuries were so severe it took a marshal's meeting to determine who Pryce had hit. Pryce had no time to react to avoid the collision because he was unsighted behind a March car in front of him, and when his car finally came to a stop Jacques Laffite had been wrecked out of the race by Pryce's car.
After the 1977 season Shadow entered into a sharp decline. Jones left to join Williams for 1978. In the same period a majority of their staff and their sponsor Franco Ambrosio left to form their own team, Arrows, taking the young Riccardo Patrese. Despite sponsorship from Villiger tobacco and the signing of experienced drivers Clay Regazzoni and Hans Stuck for the 1978 season, results were poor. In 1980 they were absorbed into Theodore Racing, but Shadow's first ground effect chassis was largely uncompetitive, only once qualifying a car in seven races. Sponsorship dried up and after the seventh of the year's 14 races Teddy Yip wound up the Shadow team.
Complete Formula One results
Works team entries
(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1973||UOP Shadow Racing Team||DN1||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||ESP||BEL||MON||SWE||FRA||GBR||NED||GER||AUT||ITA||CAN||USA||9||8th|
|1974||UOP Shadow Racing Team||DN1
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||ESP||BEL||MON||SWE||NED||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||ITA||CAN||USA||7||8th|
|1975||UOP Shadow Racing Team||DN3
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||ESP||MON||BEL||SWE||NED||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||ITA||USA||9.5||6th|
|DN7||Matra MS73 3.0 V12||Ret||Ret||0||NC|
|1976||Shadow Racing Team||DN5
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||BRA||RSA||USW||ESP||BEL||MON||SWE||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||NED||ITA||CAN||USA||JPN||10||8th|
|1977||Shadow Racing Team||DN5B
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||USW||ESP||MON||BEL||SWE||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||NED||ITA||USA||CAN||JPN||23||7th|
|1978||Shadow Racing Team||DN8
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||USW||MON||BEL||ESP||SWE||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||NED||ITA||USA||CAN||6||11th|
|1979|| Samson Shadow Racing Team
Interscope Shadow Racing Team
|DN9||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||USW||ESP||BEL||MON||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||NED||ITA||CAN||USA||3||10th|
|Elio de Angelis||7||12||Ret||7||Ret||Ret||DNQ||16||12||11||Ret||Ret||Ret||Ret||4|
|1980|| Theodore Shadow
|Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||ARG||BRA||RSA||USW||BEL||MON||FRA||GBR||GER||AUT||NED||ITA||CAN||USA||0||NC|
Results of other Shadow cars
(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap.)
|Embassy Racing||Shadow DN1||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||Graham Hill||Ret||9||Ret||Ret||10||Ret||NC||13||Ret||14||16||13|
|Team P R Reilly||Shadow DN3||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||Mike Wilds||DNQ|
|Interscope Racing||Shadow DN9||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||Danny Ongais||DNPQ||DNPQ|