2d Space Operations Squadron
|2d Space Operations Squadron|
Squadron space systems operator during Global Positioning System operations in 2005
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Global Positioning System Control|
|Part of||Air Force Space Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado|
|Motto(s)||Pathways for Peace (1988-present)|
|Engagements||Global War on Terrorism|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|Lt Col Stephen A. Toth|
|2d Space Operations Squadron emblem (approved 8 July 1995)[note 1]|
|2d Satellite Control Squadron emblem (approved 6 May 1988)|
The 2d Space Operations Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado. Its mission is to manage the Navstar Global Positioning System satellite constellation for global navigation, time transfer, and nuclear detonation detection.
The squadron performs the command and control mission for the Global Positioning System satellite constellation. GPS is the world's premiere space-based position, velocity and timing system, capable of providing precision navigation and timing capability simultaneously to an unlimited number of properly equipped users. Continuous GPS availability and unprecedented signal accuracy has resulted in widespread integration of the technology; numerous military, commercial and international users have embraced GPS.
The squadron was originally constituted as the 2d Surveillance Squadron and activated on 16 January 1962 under North American Air Defense Command. It was then organized on 1 February 1962 at Ent Air Force Base under the 9th Aerospace Defense Division, under which it operated SPACETRACK, the USAF globe-spanning space surveillance network, from 1962 through 1967. The squadron was inactivated on 1 January 1967.
On 30 January 1992, as part of an Air Force reorganization, 2 SCS was redesignated the 2d Space Operations Squadron.
On June 18, 2004, a 24/7 user focal point, the GPSOC, was established.
In late 2005, several National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency monitor stations were integrated into the network to improve navigation accuracy and signal monitoring.
The unit had one geographically separated unit, Detachment 1, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. It was responsible for maintenance of a GPS Ground Antenna, Monitor Station, and various operational test assets. It is now discontinued, though contractors remained to perform the mission.
- Constituted as the 2d Surveillance Squadron (Sensor) and activated, on 16 January 1962 (not organized)
- Organized on 1 February 1962
- Discontinued and inactivated on 1 January 1967
- Redesignated 2d Satellite Control Squadron on 16 Jul 1985
- Activated on 1 October 1985
- Redesignated 2d Space Operations Squadron on 30 Jan 1992
- Air Defense Command, 16 January 1962 (not organized)
- 9th Aerospace Defense Division, 1 February 1962 – 1 January 1967
- 2d Space Wing, 1 October 1985
- 50th Operations Group, 30 January 1992 – present
- Ent Air Force Base, Colorado, 1 February 1962 – 1 January 1967
- Falcon Air Force Station (later Falcon Air Force Base, Schriever Air Force Base), Colorado, 1 October 1985 – present
- Lt Col Stephen A. Toth (June 2018 - Present)
- Lt Col Peter C. Norsky (June 2016 – June 2018)
- Lt Col Todd Benson (July 2014 - June 2016)
- Lt Col Thomas Ste. Marie (June 2012 – July 2014)
- Lt Col Jennifer Grant (August 2010 - June 2012)
- Lt Col DeAnna M. Burt (August 2008 – August 2010)
- Lt Col Kurt W. Kuntzleman (July 2006 - August 2008)
- Lt Col Stephen T. Hamilton (July 2004 - July 2006)
- Lt Col Scott A. Henderson (July 2002 - July 2004)
- Lt Col Daniel P. Jordan (June 2000 - July 2002)
- Lt Col James K. McLaughlin (July 1998 - June 2000)
- Lt Col Joseph P. Squatrito (October 1996 - July 1998)
- Lt Col Roger C. Hunter (March 1995 - October 1996)
- Maj Thomas A. Shircliff (January 1995 - March 1995)
- Lt Col Frank M. DeArmond (June 1994 - January 1995)
- Lt Col Harrison C. Freer (June 1992 - June 1994)
- Lt Col William L. Shelton (August 1990 - June 1992)
- Lt Col Michael E. Shaw (April 1989 - August 1990)
- Lt Col Barry R. Springer (April 1988 - April 1989)
- Lt Col Steven C. Stadler (October 1985 - April 1988)
- 1 June 1964 – 31 May 1966
- 1 December 1987 – 30 November 1989
- 1 September 1990 – 31 August 1991
- On a Blue disc, a Light Blue globe grid lined Yellow issuing from base and charged with a Scarlet lightning flash bendwise; in chief a White eight point pole star above and (Yellow pole stars) on a White orbit ring arcing over the globe; a Yellow pole star all within a narrow Yellow border. "2d Space Operations Squadron". The Institute of Heraldry. Archived from the original on 2017-04-04. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Robertson, Patsy (December 1, 2008). "Factsheet 2 Space Operations Squadron (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- "Approved insignia for: 2d Satellite Control Squadron". National Archives Catalog. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Endicott, p. 332
- Graff, Garrett M. (June 26, 2018). "The New Arms Race Threatening to Explode in Space". Wired.
- Buchanan, Maj John (May 8, 2008). "Deactivation ends two decades of service on Cape Canaveral". 45th Space Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Staff writer, no byline (May 7, 2008). "2nd SOPS inactivates Det. 1". 50th Space Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Martinez, SSG Daniel (August 5, 2008). "New 2nd SOPS commander returns to Schriever". 50th Space Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- The Newsletter of the MIT Security Studies Program: "SSP Welcomes New Military Fellows", Oct 2004
- Endicott, Judy G. (1998). Active Air Force Wings as of 1 October 1995 and USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995 (PDF). Air Force History and Museums Program. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ASIN B000113MB2. Retrieved July 2, 2014.