325 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
325 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 325 BC
Ab urbe condita 429
Ancient Egypt era XXXII dynasty, 8
- Pharaoh Alexander the Great, 8
Ancient Greek era 113th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4426
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −917
Berber calendar 626
Buddhist calendar 220
Burmese calendar −962
Byzantine calendar 5184–5185
Chinese calendar 乙未(Wood Goat)
2372 or 2312
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
2373 or 2313
Coptic calendar −608 – −607
Discordian calendar 842
Ethiopian calendar −332 – −331
Hebrew calendar 3436–3437
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −268 – −267
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2776–2777
Holocene calendar 9676
Iranian calendar 946 BP – 945 BP
Islamic calendar 975 BH – 974 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2009
Minguo calendar 2236 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1792
Thai solar calendar 218–219
Tibetan calendar 阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
−198 or −579 or −1351
    — to —
(male Fire-Monkey)
−197 or −578 or −1350

Year 325 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Camillus and Scaeva (or, less frequently, year 429 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 325 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • (around this year) - Pytheas made a voyage of naval exploration to northwestern Europe, reaching Britain and the Baltic Sea, and mentioning Thule as the farthest island to the north in the Atlantic.

Macedonian Empire[edit]

  • Alexander the Great leaves India and nominates his officer Peithon, son of Agenor, as the satrap of the region around the Indus.
  • Alexander the Great orders his admiral, Nearchus, to sail from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon while Alexander's army starts marching through Gedrosia (Baluchistan).
  • While returning to Persia, Alexander's army runs into the Malli clans (in modern day Multan). The ensuing battle severely weakens his army. Alexander sends much of his remaining army to Carmania (modern southern Iran) with his general Craterus, while he leads the rest of his forces back to Persia by the southern route through the Gedrosian Desert (now part of southern Iran and Makran in southern Pakistan).
  • By the end of the year, Alexander's army reaches Persepolis, while his navy, under Nearchus, reaches Susa at around the same time.
  • The first known reference to sugar cane appears in writings by Alexander the Great's admiral Nearchus, who writes of Indian reeds "that produce honey, although there are no bees".




  • La Venta, an Olmec island city, is believed to be completely abandoned by this time.

By topic[edit]