42 (school)

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42 Logo.svg
Established2013 (2013) (Paris)
2016 (2016) (Fremont)
PresidentXavier Niel
DirectorSophie Viger
Administrative staff
Paris, France:
Fremont, California:
StudentsParis, France:
Fremont, California:
TuitionFree, fully funded by the school
Website42.us.org (US campus)
42adel.org.au (Adelaide campus)
42.fr (Paris campus)

42 is a private, nonprofit and tuition-free computer programming school created and funded by French billionaire Xavier Niel (founder of the telecommunication company Iliad) with several partners including Nicolas Sadirac (previous director-general of the Epitech school in France),[1] Kwame Yamgnane and Florian Bucher (former executives of Epitech).[2] The school was first opened in Paris in 2013.

Out of more than 80,000 candidates in France, 3,000[3] were selected to complete a four-week intensive computer programming bootcamp called piscine (swimming-pool). Any person older than 18[4] can register for the piscine after completing the logical reasoning tests on the website.

The school does not have any professors, and is open 24/7. The training is inspired peer-to-peer, pedagogy, and project-based learning.

The school is a non-profit organization and is entirely free, being funded by billionaire Xavier Niel with hundreds of millions of dollars. All the intellectual property belongs to the students.

42 Silicon Valley is the US campus of 42 chartered as a public-benefit nonprofit corporation in the State of California and has been created and funded by the same team from France, in addition to a new partner, the chief operating officer of the US school and former 42 Paris student Brittany Bir.[5] 42 Silicon Valley opened in summer 2016 in Fremont, California in the San Francisco Bay Area.

42's name is a reference to the science fiction book The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy written by British author Douglas Adams: in the book 42 is the Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything.

In addition to the two official campuses in Paris, France, and Fremont, California, the school model was adopted in Lyon, Reims, and Mulhouse, France, as well as in Romania, South Africa, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Moldova,[6] Belgium, Russia, Morocco, the Netherlands, Indonesia, Finland,[7] Germany,[8] Adelaide, Australia, [9] the United Arab Emirates[10] and Quebec, Canada[11] with the help and support of 42.


French entrepreneur and businessman Xavier Niel who created and funded 42

Announced on March 26, 2013, 42 opened its doors on July 15, 2013 for the selection phase called La Piscine (the swimming-pool).

On May 17, 2016, 42 announced they will open a second campus in Fremont, California.[12] The first selection phase (The "Piscine") will start on July 11, 2016.

Students who passed the first 'Piscines' started training in November 2016.

Campus and cost[edit]

Paris campus, France[edit]

42 France is located at 96 Boulevard Bessières, in the 17th arrondissement of Paris.[13] The building was acquired from the State in 2011 for 12.6 million euros. The building extends over an area of 4242 square meters. Pictures of the school architecture are visible on the official website. 42 was designed by IN&EDIT Architecture agency.[14]

Fremont campus, USA[edit]

Logo of 42 Silicon Valley, the American campus of the school

The 42 Silicon Valley building is located at 6600 Dumbarton Circle, in Fremont, California.[15] The building was acquired from DeVry University. The campus is approximately 200,000 sq ft.

This campus has 300 spaces in the dormitories.[12] Like the Paris campus, 42 Silicon Valley was designed by AR architectures.[16]

42 Silicon Valley is currently closed for the remainder of 2021 to new and prospective students due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[17]

Wolfsburg and Heilbronn, Germany[edit]

There are currently 33 centers around the world, two of the newest additions being the 42 schools in Wolfsburg and Heilbronn in Germany, opening in 2021.[18]


There are no tuition fees for the entirety of the program. All the running costs for the 10 first years have been personally funded by Xavier Niel a French entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the French company Iliad.[19]


  1. ^ Camille Gévaudan (2013). ""42", v'là les geeks !". ecrans (in French)..
  2. ^ Damien Leloup (2013). ""42", l'étrange école d'informatique de Xavier Niel". lemonde (in French)..
  3. ^ "70 000 candidats au départ, 900 étudiants à l'arrivée". Retrieved 2016-08-13.
  4. ^ "42 met fin à la limite d'âge à l'entrée". 42. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Team 42 USA".
  6. ^ French educational model to gamify IT education in Ukraine, Kyiv Post, May 19, 2016
  7. ^ 1337, l'École qui veut former des génies du numérique, Le Monde, September 05, 2018
  8. ^ "About 42 Wolfsburg | The radical new coding school, now in Germany. - Home". 42wolfsburg.de. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  9. ^ Australia, Premier of South (2021-03-15). "42 to open first Australian campus in Adelaide". Premier of South Australia. Retrieved 2021-11-23.
  10. ^ "42 Abu Dhabi". 42 Abu Dhabi.
  11. ^ Campus 42 Québec https://42quebec.com (French) Retrieved 10 August 2021
  12. ^ a b "Press release" (PDF).
  13. ^ Olivier Viaggi (2013). "Les locaux ultra design de l'école 42 de Xavier Niel". universfreebox (in French).
  14. ^ "École 42" (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
  15. ^ "Adress 42".
  16. ^ "AR website". Archived from the original on 2016-08-06.
  17. ^ "Announcement About COVID-19". Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  18. ^ "42 Wolfsburg, About us".
  19. ^ Jacques Cheminat et Serge Leblal (2013). "Free ouvre l'école 42 pour former au numérique". lemondeinformatique (in French)..

External links[edit]