|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||700s 710s 720s – 730s – 740s 750s 760s|
|Years:||733 734 735 – 736 – 737 738 739|
|736 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1489|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3432 or 3372
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3433 or 3373
|- Vikram Samvat||792–793|
|- Shaka Samvat||657–658|
|- Kali Yuga||3836–3837|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpyō 8
|Minguo calendar||1176 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1047/1048 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1278–1279|
Year 736 (DCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 736 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Charles Martel, Merovingian mayor of the palace, forms local alliances with the Burgundians and imposes Frankish domination on Provence. He defeats Muslim forces at Sernhac and Beaucaire in Septimania (Southern France).
- Battle of Nîmes: The Franks under Charles Martel fail to capture Narbonne but devastate most of the other settlements, including Nîmes, Agde, Béziers and Maguelonne, which he views as potential strongholds of the Umayyads.
- King Æthelbald of Mercia is describe in the Ismere Diploma as ruler (bretwalda) of the Mercians and all the provinces in southern England. He is also named "Rex Britanniae" (king of Britain).
- King Óengus I of the Picts invades the neighbouring kingdom of Dál Riata which is subjugated. He takes the fortress of Dunadd, and establishes his rule in Scotland for over two decades.
- Rōben, scholar-Buddhist monk, invites Shinshō to give lectures on the Avatamsaka Sutra at Kinshōsen-ji (later Tōdai-ji); this event is considered to be the roots of the Kegon school of Buddhism founded in Japan.
- A diplomatic team from Calakmul, led by Wamaw K'awiil, meets with Quiriguá leader K’ak Tiliw Chan Yopaa in an attempt to negotiate an end to the city's rebellion during the Third Tikal-Calakmul War
- Yik'in Chan K'awiil, ruler (ajaw) of the leading Maya city state of Tikal (modern-day Guatemala), conquers rival Calakmul within the northern Petén region of the Yucatán region (Southern Mexico)..
Food and drinks
- First documentation of hop cultivation in the Hallertau region of present-day Germany (which is today the most important production centre with about 25% of the worldwide production).
- Hugbert, duke of Bavaria
- Muiredach mac Ainbcellaig, king of Dál Riata
- Yamabe no Akahito, Japanese poet
- David Nicolle (2008). Poitiers AD 732, Charles Martel turns the Islamic tide (p. 19). ISBN 978-184603-230-1
- Riche, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe. University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 45. ISBN 0-8122-1342-4
- "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 89". Retrieved 27 April 2007.
- Fletcher, Who's Who, pp. 98–100
- Sirrine, Robert. J (2009), Sustainable Hop Production in the Great Lakes Region. Michigan State University.