9th Ohio Infantry

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9th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Active 1861–1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union
Branch Volunteer Army, American Civil War
Type Infantry
Size ~950 soldiers at outset of the war
Nickname(s) Die Neuner (the Ninth)
Engagements Western Theater of the American Civil War Battle of Rich Mountain Battle of Carnifex Ferry Battle of Mill Springs
Robert L. McCook

The 9th Ohio Infantry (Die Neuner) was an infantry regiment that was a part of the Union Army during the American Civil War. The members of the regiment were primarily of German descent and the unit was the first almost all-German unit to enter the Union Army.


Between 1836 to 1860, four German militia units were formed in Cincinnati, Ohio. The units (the beginning of the 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry-OVI) was organized from hundreds of men who had volunteered for duty in response to a call to arms by President Abraham Lincoln and subsequently by Ohio Governor William Dennison. Nearly 1,500 men, mostly of German descent, volunteered for this unit in the first three days. Col. Robert L. McCook, a local lawyer, trained and drilled the new soldiers at Camp Harrison and Camp Dennison, both near Cincinnati.

The initial field officers on April 23, 1861 were:

Gustav Bergmann, a Cincinnati public school teacher, was the first person to join the unit. The city gave $250,000.00 for the organization of this unit.[1]

The regiment lost six officers and 85 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded during its three-year term of service. It also lost two officers and 60 enlisted men to disease, for a total of 153.

Battle of Carnifex Ferry[edit]

The Ninth Ohio participated in the Battle of Carnifex Ferry, which took place on September 10, 1861. Casualties were eight men killed and two wounded while attacking the Confederate left flank, defended by the 36th Virginia Infantry.


  • 9th Ohio Infantry by Larry Stevens
  • "Die Neuner" (Archived 2009-10-23) The 9th Ohio Infantry Regiment in the American Civil War, 1861-1864
  • National Colors of the 9th O.V.I.
  • The Queen City, by Daniel Hurley, published by the Cincinnati Historical Society, 1982, page 45.
  • Cincinnati, a Guide to the Queen City and Its Neighbors, American Guide Series, The Weisen-Hart Press, May 1943, page 219
  • 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment by Joe Reinhart
  • Tafel, Gustav. "The Cincinnati Germans in the Civil War." Translated and edited with Supplements on Germans from Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana in the Civil War by Don Heinrich Tolzmann. (Milford, Ohio: Little Miami Publishing Co., 2010).
  • Bertsch, Friedrich, Wilhelm Stängel, and Joseph R. Reinhart. 2010. A German hurrah!: Civil War letters of Friedrich Bertsch and Wilhelm Stängel, 9th Ohio Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.


  1. ^ 9th OVI webpage at ohiolink.edu

External links[edit]