9th Ohio Infantry
|9th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||Volunteer Army, American Civil War|
|Size||~950 soldiers at outset of the war|
|Nickname(s)||Die Neuner (the Ninth)|
|Engagements||Western Theater of the American Civil War Battle of Rich Mountain Battle of Carnifex Ferry Battle of Mill Springs|
|Robert L. McCook|
The 9th Ohio Infantry (Die Neuner) was an infantry regiment that was a part of the Union Army during the American Civil War. The members of the regiment were primarily of German descent and the unit was the first almost all-German unit to enter the Union Army.
Between 1836 and 1860, four German militia units were formed in Cincinnati, Ohio. The units (the beginning of the 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry-OVI) was organized from hundreds of men who had volunteered for duty in response to a call to arms by President Abraham Lincoln and subsequently by Ohio Governor William Dennison. Nearly 1,500 men, mostly of German descent, volunteered for this unit in the first three days. Col. Robert L. McCook, a local lawyer, trained and drilled the new soldiers at Camp Harrison and Camp Dennison, both near Cincinnati.
The initial field officers on April 23, 1861 were:
- Colonel Robert L. McCook
- Lieutenant Colonel Karl Sonderson
- Major Frank Mattice
- Regt. Doctor Karl Krause
- Asst. Doctor Rudolph Wirth
- Adjutant August Willich
Gustav Bergmann, a Cincinnati public school teacher, was the first person to join the unit. The city gave $250,000.00 for the organization of this unit.
Battle of Carnifex Ferry
The Ninth Ohio participated in the Battle of Carnifex Ferry, which took place on September 10, 1861. Casualties were eight men killed and two wounded while attacking the Confederate left flank, defended by the 36th Virginia Infantry.
- 9th Ohio Infantry by Larry Stevens
- "Die Neuner" (Archived 2009-10-23) The 9th Ohio Infantry Regiment in the American Civil War, 1861-1864
- National Colors of the 9th O.V.I.
- The Queen City, by Daniel Hurley, published by the Cincinnati Historical Society, 1982, page 45.
- Cincinnati, a Guide to the Queen City and Its Neighbors, American Guide Series, The Weisen-Hart Press, May 1943, page 219
- 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment by Joe Reinhart
- Tafel, Gustav. "The Cincinnati Germans in the Civil War." Translated and edited with Supplements on Germans from Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana in the Civil War by Don Heinrich Tolzmann. (Milford, Ohio: Little Miami Publishing Co., 2010).
- Bertsch, Friedrich, Wilhelm Stängel, and Joseph R. Reinhart. 2010. A German hurrah!: Civil War letters of Friedrich Bertsch and Wilhelm Stängel, 9th Ohio Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
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