|Founded||1895 (named UITE)|
The AMT Genova, formally known as the Azienda Mobilità e Trasporti and formerly as the Azienda Municipalizzata Trasporti, is a joint stock company that holds the concession for public transport in the Italian city of Genoa.
The first public transport in Genoa was provided by a horse bus service linking the city centre and Sampierdarena, that started in 1873. In 1878, the French company Compagnia Generale Francese dei Tramways (CGFT, French General Company of Tramways) began to build a horse tram system. The city subsequently granted further concessions to two other companies, the Swiss backed Società di Ferrovie Elettriche e Funicolari (FEF, Society of Electric Railways & Funiculars) and the Belgian/Italian Società Tramways Orientali (TO, Oriental Tramway Society). However, by 1894, the FEF had achieved no more than a single short electric tram line between Piazza Manin and Piazza Corvetto, whilst the TO had not progressed beyond the planning stage. The CGFT system had extended through the city and the Val Polcevera, but was still horse operated.
In 1894, the German company Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft (AEG, Common Electricity Company) bought both the FEF and TO companies. The following year AEG created the company Officine Electrical Genovesi (OEG, Genovese Electrical Office), which took over the city's existing electricity supply company, and the Società Unione Italiana Tramways Elettrici (UITE, Italian Electric Tramways Union), which purchased the CGFT's concession. By the end of 1895, AEG has a monopoly of both electricity supply and public transport provision in the city. Under their new ownership, the FEF and the TO developed a tram network of more than 53 km (33 mi) reaching Nervi and Prato, whilst UITE electrified their lines to Voltri and Pontedecimo. Finally in December 1901, AEG merged the FEF and TO into an enlarged UITE.
AEG continued to own and manage the UITE until the outbreak of World War I, in which Germany and Italy fought on different sides. In 1916, new shares were issued and subscribed for entirely by Italian entrepreneurs. In 1927, the city of Genoa acquired a majority share-holding in UITE. In 1965, the city acquired the remaining holding and the UITE's activities were transferred to the Azienda Municipalizzata Trasporti (AMT).
The AMT manages the following services:
- 1 metro line (the Genoa Metro)
- 3 funiculars (the Zecca–Righi funicular, the Sant'Anna funicular and the Quezzi funicular)
- 1 rack railway (the Principe–Granarolo rack railway)
- 1 narrow gauge railway (the Genova–Casella railway)
- 10 public lifts
- 142 urban bus lines
- 1 trolleybus line
- 1 water bus line
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