Aajonus Vonderplanitz

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Aajonus Vonderplanitz (April 17, 1947 – August 28, 2013) was an American nutritionist and activist who was prominent yet controversial in the raw food movement.[1][2] He is especially known for legal battles and legal workarounds for consumer access to raw milk,[3] and for developing a diet based largely on raw meat, the Primal Diet.[4][5][6][7] Yet his later years, marked by his allegations of conspiracies and by his infighting within the food-rights community, drew him notoriety even among advocates of alternative healthcare and food rights.

Upon his putative recovery from terminal cancer at age 22 by regimen of raw carrot juice and raw dairy, Vonderplanitz began informal nutritional counseling. By age 25, he had adopted raw veganism. Yet at age 29, he added raw meat, which he claimed to vastly improve healing. After publication of his first book, We Want to Live, in 1997, he would become a leading alternative nutritionist.[8] He made apparently miraculous claims of his clients' routinely curing their diverse diseases, but he never documented these cases.[5][9] Untested by medical scientists,[5] his protocols remain controversial.[2]

Vonderplanitz founded the not-for-profit Right to Choose Healthy Foods (RTCHF).[10] In 2001, his campaign ended Los Angeles County's ban on raw milk's retail sale.[11][12] Vonderplanitz also originated the "animal-leasing" model,[13] whereby a farmer's dairy operation is leased to, thus effectively owned by, and supplies all of its dairy to a private food club that, rejecting legally mandated pasteurization, takes it unpasteurized. Vonderplanitz's defenses of RTCHF's farmers and club managers from legal threats were mostly successful.[14] At his death, food clubs under RTCHF numbered about 80, including thousands of members, across the US.

In 2010, Vonderplanitz accused a non-RTCHF farmer of misrepresenting food source and food quality when supplying certain, non-dairy foods to RTCHF's preeminent food club, Rawesome.[15][16] Vonderplanitz's defamation and lawsuit, despite its failure, may have fostered Rawesome's debacle and weakened the food-rights movement.[17] His claims of governmental or pharmaceutical plots against him seem implausible.[18] In 2013, he died a few days after a fall from a balcony at his farmhouse in a remote area of Thailand.

Biographical sketch[edit]

Preadulthood[edit]

Originally named John Richard Swigart,[19] and born in Denver, Colorado,[20] Vonderplanitz spent most of childhood and adolescence in the Cincinnati suburb Finneytown, Ohio.[21] He described having been a sickly child misunderstood and abused.[19][10][22] His brother, a couple of years elder, allegedly resentful at loss of maternal attention, "tortured me nearly daily", Vonderplanitz explained.[10] Being "dyslexic" and "borderline autistic", conditions "which no one understood at the time", Vonderplanitz "rarely played with other children", and "embarrassed and frustrated my parents", fueling paternal "discipline" that led to several hospitalizations, Vonderplanitz claimed.[22][10]

In another hospitalization near his 10th birthday, Vonderplanitz's alleged peritonitis was misdiagnosed appendicitis,[23] whereupon his appendix was discovered fine but removed anyway, Vonderplanitz recounted.[10] He claimed that his bones were brittle, he "regularly" breaking limb bones, and at age 15 was diagnosed with "juvenile diabetes".[10] Vonderplanitz first received family and community support, he recalled, once he found his first girlfriend in his junior year at Finneytown High School. At age 17, Vonderplanitz married her, a recent schoolmate one year elder, who bore his only child, a son, in his senior year.[24] Once he graduated, the new family moved elsewhere near Cincinnati.

They renting a small apartment at a business intersection, Vonderplanitz's wife worked as a utility-company secretary, and he as a short-order cook also attending the Cincinnati Institute of Computer Technology.[25][26] Their son's severe colic, her postpartum mood problems, and his own confusions and mood problems ended their prior bliss.[21] He increasingly drank with friends, and entered an extramarital affair with a female instructor at his trade school.[21] Divorced at 19, he moved to Los Angeles for work in computer programming.[27] Although he seemingly never remarried, his own and other persons' anecdotes about him involve several girlfriends throughout his later life.

Adulthood[edit]

On moving to Los Angeles, his life mostly directionless, Vonderplanitz continued his heavy drinking to numb his distress.[21] Still aged 19, he developed a stomach ulcer, whose surgical treatment caused a keloidal scar in turn treated by radiation therapy that then caused multiple myeloma, Vonderplanitz recounted.[21][10] Once chemotherapy caused further illnesses, including psoriasis, bursitis, and severe periodontitis, he discontinued treatment of his terminal cancer, but a hospice worker, paying him volunteer home visits, gave him a small book on cancer treatment by raw carrot juice, Vonderplanitz would claim.[21][10] Within 10 days, the regimen ended his alleged dyslexia, and soon thereafter put his cancer in remission, Vonderplanitz would claim.[21][10]

At age 22, Vonderplanitz began promoting himself as a nutritionist.[19] At about age 23, the still John Richard Swigart met a girl toddler who renamed him Aajonus.[19] Disliking his given name, a reminder of illness and mistreatment,[21] he accepted the renaming, and later took his European ancestors' last name Vonderplanitz.[19] He would attribute his health gains over the next two years mostly to raw juices and raw dairy.[10][19] By age 25, having eliminated raw dairy, Vonderplanitz adopted raw veganism.[10] At age 27, seeking health answers, he reputedly set out by bicycle on a sojourn, whereby he "lived off the earth", across North America and into Latin America.[10] Nearly three years later, he returned to Los Angeles telling of a seemingly implausible health answer: eating raw meat.[21][5][10]

Vonderplanitz would claim a diverse résumé, partly since even at his age 40, his income as a nutritionist was marginal.[28] He recalled ethically refusing to be made the Winston Man, and, while earning income painting murals and such inside homes, a recurring acting role on General Hospital in the 1980s.[28] Upon overturning a traffic ticket at age 22, he sought legal expertise by private study.[19] After 2000, he wrote business contracts and legal responses for farmers.[29] In his latest years, owning a farm in the Philippines and another in a remote area of Thailand, near its northern border with Laos, he spent much time at his Thailand farm.[30]

Nutritional career[edit]

Lacking any accredited scientific or medical training,[5] Vonderplanitz claimed tutelage by a Southern California nutritionist named Bruno Corigliano followed by nearly three years of bicycle travel across North America and into Latin America, in his late 20s, while studying biology and medical textbooks, Native American indigenous healthcare, and wildlife habits.[21][31] He claimed to have discovered raw meat's putative healing capacity when fasting in the wilderness, where a pack of coyotes killed, tore open, and offered him a jackrabbit, then watched him until he ate it.[5][21]

In his early 20s, Vonderplanitz erected a table outdoors among the purveyors at Venice Beach, and began offering nutritional counseling in a raw-food niche.[19] Yet in hindsight, he claimed that his advice was inconsistently effective until his inclusion of raw meat.[21][10] Soon thereafter, at perhaps age 30, he became a staff nutritionist, advising customers, at a healthfood store, Aunt Tilly's Too.[21][10] In September 1986, at age 39, living in a Beverly Hills "slum" while freelancing in nutrition, Vonderplanitz returned to Cincinnati since his son, estranged for 20 years, had recently been injured in a severe car wreck.[32]

Vonderplanitz claimed to have sabotaged his son's medical care, in Mercy's Hospital's intensive-care unit, and used raw foods to awaken and retrieve his comatose son from imminent death and to reverse his paralysis and brain damage.[5][21] Ten years after his son's recovery, Vonderplanitz recounted the tale in his first book, We Want to Live. On its 1997 release, Robert Atkins interviewed Vonderplanitz, based by then in Malibu, on Atkins's nationally syndicated radio show. Vonderplanitz had claimed that his own protocol had cured over 200 clients of cancer.[9] In 2000, Vonderplanitz trademarked the name Primal Diet.[33] Unlike later diets called "primal",[34] Vonderplanitz's Primal Diet principally includes raw meat, raw eggs, raw dairy, raw fats, and unheated honey.[35]

Nearing 2010, Vonderplanitz was still claiming over 90% rate of cancer remission among his clients practicing the Primal Diet.[5] Despite mainstream dismissal,[2] his Primal Diet had gained a sizable, if underground, following.[4][5][7]

Food activism[edit]

Although Vonderplanitz dated it to the 1970s,[3][36] his food-rights campaign more clearly began nearing 2000.[10] Into 2011, Vonderplanitz and an ally, James Stewart, were the raw-milk movement's de facto leaders.[37]

California[edit]

In 1997 or 1998, Venice resident James Stewart, in poor health, discovered Vonderplanitz's Primal Diet.[6][38] By 2000, Stewart was a southern California distributor of raw milk for Claravale Farm, which had only eight cows, but was the state's only farm still licensed to supply unpasteurized milk to retail stores.[39] While Claravale Farm added cows for Stewart's distribution reaching 30 stores in four counties—Orange, Ventura, San Diego, and Los Angeles—one county, Los Angeles, was the state's only where raw milk's retail sale was illegal.[39] By 2001, L. A. county's regulators were pulling Stewart's placed milk from stores, yet Vonderplanitz's campaign to legalize raw milk's retail sale was culminating.[6][40]

In 2001, Vonderplanitz drew Stewart to help demonstrations and protests, although initial turnout was minuscule.[39] Later in 2001, however, Vonderplanitz's report on raw milk,[41] cowritten with William Campbell Douglass, and accompanying threat of legal action got the county's board of supervisors to end the ban on raw milk's retail sale.[12][11] Highly publicized, the hearings fueled consumer demand for unpasteurized dairy.[12] Claravale Farm's supply via Stewart insufficient,[12] southern California residents would travel north to buy raw milk at the McAfee brothers' farm, Organic Pastures Dairy Company.[42] In early 2000, the McAfees' farm had switched to organic, but their Organic Pastures still sold its milk wholesale to Organic Valley, which in turn supplied only pasteurized milk to stores.[42]

Upon visits by southern Californian customers, the McAfees' Organic Pastures obtained a permit to sell raw dairy retail.[42] During 2001, Mark McAfee contacted Stewart, who then recruited Vonderplanitz.[12] Vonderplanitz invested $15 000, and with Stewart recruited others, including real-estate executive Larry Otting, who invested $17 000, and Organic Pastures began supplying unpasteurized dairy retail.[12] The volume allowed Stewart, despite dropping Claravale's milk, to reach 89 stores.[12] Yet in 2004, as the nation's largest unpasteurized supplier, Organic Pastures brought distribution in-house, eliminating Stewart.[43] Stewart then focused on growing his private food club, Rawesome.[43] Rawesome would keep Stewart and Vonderplanitz at the center of the raw-dairy movement until Rawesome's controversial closure via government raid in 2011.[37]

Nationwide[edit]

In the late 1990s, Vonderplanitz formed the not-for-profit organization Right to Choose Healthy Food (RTCHF).[10][44] RTCHF, declared Vonderplanitz, "will combat any legislation banning people's right to choose raw food".[10] Yet RTCHF apparently focused on raw diary. In this agenda, Vonderplanitz originated the "animal-leasing" model, whereby a private food club, whose members are also RTCHF members, contracts a farmer to produce solely for that food club.[45] As president of RTCHF, Vonderplanitz mediated these animal-leasing arrangements in multiple states.[3][44][46] Vonderplanitz meanwhile criticized the "herdshare" or "cowshare" model, whereby a consumer buys "shares", thus "partially owns" the cattle, and then buys dairy directly from the farmer, who may still sell to nonshareholders, too.[45]

Partly by writing legal documents for farmers and consumers despite not being an attorney, Vonderplanitz discomfited the Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF).[45] Run by lawyers, the FTCLDF also endorsed the herdshare model, which Vonderplanitz claimed to lack precedent, as shareholding can entitle one to profits without any ownership of property, whereas leasing held long precedent of full responsibility matching ownership, argued Vonderplanitz.[45] Vonderplanitz's being not a lawyer appealed to Amish farmers, however, who traditionally avoided taking legal actions. By 2010, Vonderplanitz's legal responses were well known for ending regulators' legal threats against RTCHF's farmers.[47] Once so threatened, some non-RTCHF farmers newly signed RTCHF contracts.[48][49] RTCHF's food clubs eventually numbered about 80, some having hundreds to thousands of members.[50]

Nearing 2010, federal government began pressuring state governments to enforce laws against raw milk. A dragnet against farmers and club managers connected to Vonderplanitz unfolded.[51] Vonderplanitz's attempts to defend them drew mixed results.[29] In April 2011, the FDA filed in federal court against Amish farmer Daniel Allgyer of Pennsylvania.[52] Unable to reach Vonderplanitz, who was traveling abroad as nutritionist, Allgyer dropped Vonderplanitz's RTCHF the next month and hired Karl Dahlstrom's ProAdvocate Group.[53] Against Allyger's resistance, Vonderplanitz filed a motion to intercede, but the judge denied it, excluding Vondeplanitz from the case, and added that Vonderplanitz's arguments about health and rights were irrelevant to whether Allgyer were guilty of interstate commerce of unpasteurized dairy. In February 2012, ruling against Allgyer, the judge called it "a cow share" that was "merely a subterfuge".[54] Yet in the Wisconsin, in the state's trial of farmer Vernon Hershberger, Vonderplanitz participated and claimed victory in May 2013.[55]

Rawesome food club[edit]

The preeminent food club linked to Vonderplanitz's Right to Choose Healthy Food was the Rawesome food club, known for exotic raw foods, and thriving, drawing celebrity clientele, in Venice, California.[15] In 2001, James Stewart had founded a private food club, "The Garage".[43] By 2003, it evolved into Rawesome, which Vonderplanitz wrote the contract for, invested in, and steered clients to.[43][15] In 2005, regulators tried to restrict Rawesome, but Vonderplanitz wrote the response and persuaded Stewart to resist.[56] The government dropped the citation, Rawesome continued normal operation, and, over the next few years, this success drew Vonderplanitz renown for fending off regulators' legal threats.[57] Yet in October 2010, Vonderplanitz would turn against Stewart, a conflict that divided the food club.[16]

Having long thought his body responding poorly to some of her products, Vonderplanitz suspected Healthy Family Farms' owner Sharon Palmer, one of Rawesome's main suppliers, of secretly outsourcing, of supplying meat not organic and not soy-free, and of providing contaminated eggs.[15][16] Stewart stood by Palmer and kept carrying her products.[52] Vonderplanitz and Palmer's main creditor, Rawesome member Larry Otting, then published a defamatory website, Unhealthy Family Farms.[58][17] In June 2010, an unnamed Palmer employee explained to a Ventura County Sheriff's detective and a Los Angeles County District Attorney's agent that Healthy Family Farms lacked the means to produce the food that it was supplying.[59] Later that month, on June 30, but via investigation ongoing since 2008, regulators raided Rawesome.

Two days after the 2010 raid on Rawesome, Vonderplanitz sent from Asia a group email alleging that "government agents trespassed and kidnapped volunteers and members for the entire time that they seized the property, about five hours", and that "they stole, under the term confiscate, thousands of dollars worth of members' FOOD that was private property".[60] Referring to Vonderplanitz's "online notices", an L. A. County District Attorney agent, arguing to protect the investigation and conceal undercover agents' identities, whose "lives and safety would be put into jeopardy", got an L. A. Superior Court judge to seal the investigation's documents.[61] The L. A. District Attorney's office also began surveillance of the email accounts of Vonderplanitz, of Palmer, and of Palmer's employee Victoria Bloch.[62]

Although Rawesome continued normal operation, and even drew support in mainstream media,[63] the raid intensified the Stewart–Vonderplanitz conflict, dividing Rawesome's membership and poisoning Rawesome's atmosphere,[17][64] where a cloud of vague conspiracy theories reaching global proportions seemed to hover.[64] In late 2010, but to no avail, Vonderplanitz visited Ventura County District Attorney investigators to seek Palmer's prosecution for allegedly defrauding Rawesome.[58] In January 2011, Vonderplanitz and Otting sued Stewart and Palmer for some $20 million.[17][65] In August 2011, authorities again raided Raweome, but this time closed it, arrested Stewart, and, elsewhere, arrested Palmer for criminal conspiracy in illegally producing and selling unpasteurized dairy.[66]

Claiming credit for building Rawesome, Vonderplanitz tried to join its defense and answer interested news media, but had been marginalized by Rawesome's support and concluded himself blacklisted from newsgathering.[67] In 2012, Stewart and Palmer were arrested on criminal charges as to funding of Palmer's farm, and could each face 40 years imprisonment.[68] After four months of jail, Stewart took a plea deal, paid a fine, gave up Rawesome's cause, and began distributing olive oil. By July 2013, the civil suit's judge had reduced the 30 civil charges to two, Palmer had countersued Vonderplanitz and Otting, and the judge ordered the parties to negotiate a settlement.[17] By then, Vonderplanitz's seemingly irrational vendetta was infamous, partially blamed for Rawesome's downfall.[17][36]

Final years[edit]

Despite his role in Rawesome and the other animal-leasing arrangements that he continued after Rawesome's debacle, Vonderplanitz would never be prosecuted.[69] Still, by 2010, he believed himself the target of governmental or pharmaceutical conspiracy to neutralize him.[18] In 2009, he had described the ongoing flu pandemic as a hoax mediated by flu vaccination.[70] Soon, he alleged apparent retribution by invaders of his hotel room in Thailand forcibly giving him injections that sent his "mercury, barium, and chromium readings off the charts", impairing his health, causing weight loss, and prematurely aging him.[18] Later, he claimed that on a Thailand road, his car's brakes suddenly failed, causing a potentially fatal car wreck that he likewise attributed to a plot against his life.

In August 2013, at his farm in Thailand, Vonderplanitz apparently leaned against his house's second-story balcony rail, which proved faulty, allowing his fall that broke his spine and paralyzed him.[14][30] At the hospital, he accepted pain-killing drugs, yet refused surgery to repair internal bleeding.[30] After a few days, he lost consciousness and died.[14][30] Despite rumors of conspiracy, two of Vonderplanitz's colleagues described local circumstances suggesting a genuine accident.[30] Vonderplanitz had authored two books: a memoir retracing his path to and introducing the Primal Diet, We Want To Live (1997/2005), and a follow-up recipe book citing putative scientific evidence, The Recipe for Living Without Disease (2002).[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Norris, "The gastronauts", Spin, 1999 Feb;15(2):86–95.
  2. ^ a b c Greg Presto, "20 most controversial figures in health and fitness", Rodale Wellness, 28 Dec 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Sarah Gilbert, "The war over raw milk: A battle heats up", AOL News, 20 Jul 2010.
  4. ^ a b Sandor Ellix Katz, The Revolution Will Not Be Microwaved: Inside America's Underground Food Movements (White River Junction VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2006), p 182.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Susan Bourette, Meat: A Love Story (New York: Berkley Books, 2009), ch 9.
  6. ^ a b c Ben Hewitt, Making Supper Safe: One Man's Quest to Learn the Truth about Food Safety (New York: Rodale, 2011), p 181.
  7. ^ a b Burkhard Bilger, "Nature's spoils", New Yorker, 22 Nov 2010, collected in Tim Folger, ed, The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2011: The Best American Series (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011), and in Francis Lam & John T Edge, eds, Cornbread Nation 7: The Best of Southern Food Writing (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014).
  8. ^ Louisa L Williams, Radical Medicine: Cutting-Edge Natural Therapies That Treat the Root Causes of Disease (Rochester VT: Healing Arts Press, 2011).
  9. ^ a b Ralph Moss, "From the Planets", The Cancer Chronicles, Fall 1997.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Charlie Donham, "Interview with Aajonus Vonderplanitz", Natural Health M2M, Oct 1998. The mere catalog of this print magazine once published by raw-food group Natural Health is preserved online by a third party at RawTimes.com, supplying the date. Yet the interview transcript is preserved online by another third party, Stanley S Bass, dating it 1999. Bass is a naturopath and chiropractor esteemed by Peter Keider, Ancient Secret of the Fountain of Youth, Book 2 (New York: Doubleday, 1999), p 205. This same transcript, yet apparently from an older version of Bass's website, is preserved online by Australian not-for-profit association Soil and Health Library, Inc. Both prefaces are signed Stanley S. Bass, Jan 2000, and the older also claims republication permission from Vonderplanitz and M2M.
  11. ^ a b Ron Schmid, The Untold Story of Milk: Green Pastures, Contented Cows and Raw Dairy Products (Baltimore MD: New Trends Publishing, 2003), p 273.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 51.
  13. ^ Vondreplanitz claimed that this leasing model was more legally defensible than the rival model of a "herdshare" or "cowshare".
  14. ^ a b c David Gumpert, "In death as in life, controversy follows Aajonus Vonderplanitz", The Complete Patient blog, 29 Aug 2013.
  15. ^ a b c d Dana Goodyear, "Raw deal", New Yorker, 30 Apr 2012.
  16. ^ a b c David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 99, 151.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Victoria Bloch, "Mourning what could have been at Rawesome Food Club", The Complete Patient blog, 16 Jul 2013.
  18. ^ a b c David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013) pp 107–108.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (White River Junction VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2013), p 49.
  20. ^ Dawn Swigart, "Aajonus Vonderplanitz (1947–2013)", Find a Grave Memorial website, visited 26 Sep 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Santa Monica CA: Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005).
  22. ^ a b Regina Meredith, interviewing Aajonus Vonderplanitz, Consciousness Media Network website, Jun 2010.
  23. ^ Vonderplanitz's account in the 2005 edition of his book We Want to Live suggests that peritonitis was never diagnosed by medical professionals but is Vonderplanitz's own retrospective diagnosis.
  24. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005), p 9.
  25. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005), pp 9–10, 15.
  26. ^ Anonymous writer, "Aajonus Vonderplanitz, author", webpage for speaker # 38 at 39th Annual Cancer Control Convention, held 3–5 Sep 2011, Cancer Control Society, website visited 27 Sep 2017.
  27. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005), p 15.
  28. ^ a b Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005), p 51.
  29. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 101–102.
  30. ^ a b c d e David Gumpert, "Putting Vonderplanitz, and conspiracies, to rest; comments commentary", The Complete Patient blog, 29 Sep 2013.
  31. ^ Ben Hewitt, Making Supper Safe (Rodale, 2011), p 177.
  32. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz, We Want to Live, 2nd edn (Carnelian Bay Castle Press, 2005), p 27.
  33. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce, Patent and Trademark Office, Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office: Trademarks, 2003;1274(4):688.
  34. ^ For instance, there is Mark Sisson's "Primal Blueprint" diet, sometimes called the "primal diet", that Sisson developed in 2009 [Lambeth Hochwald, "Paleo vs. primal diet: What's the difference?", Mother Nature Network website, 28 May 2015].
  35. ^ Edwin Rensen, "Rauw vlees eten is juist gezond" Vlees Magazine (Netherlands), 14 May 2009.
  36. ^ a b David Gumpert, "The dark side of the Aajonus Vonderplanitz legacy; how the end came", The Complete Patient blog, 31 Aug 2013.
  37. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 201.
  38. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 49–50.
  39. ^ a b c David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 50.
  40. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 50–51.
  41. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz & William Campbell Douglass, "Report in favor of raw milk: Expert report and recommendations", 8 Feb 2001.
  42. ^ a b c Anonymous writer, "About our 4th-generation farm", Organic Pastures.com, accessed 22 Oct 2017.
  43. ^ a b c d David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 52.
  44. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp xvii, 34.
  45. ^ a b c d David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 99–101.
  46. ^ David Gumpert, "Have the Feds finally found food producers they can throw the book at?", Food Safety News, 30 Nov 2011.
  47. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 99, 101–102.
  48. ^ David Gumpert, "Want raw milk? Lease a farm—and hire a lawyer", Grist, 22 Jul 2010.
  49. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 36.
  50. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013) p 107.
  51. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 168.
  52. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 151.
  53. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 151, 155–157.
  54. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 203.
  55. ^ Aajonus Vonderplanitz, "Vernon Hershberger trial analysis from Right to Choose Healthy Foods", Food Freedom USA website, 25 May 2013.
  56. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 52–53, 99.
  57. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 53, 99.
  58. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 153.
  59. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 152.
  60. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 118.
  61. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 119.
  62. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 119–120.
  63. ^ For instance, the television show The Colbert Report interviewed Rawesome's Stewart, satirized the raid, and brought out Senator Ron Paul who quipped, "It's pasteurization without representation" [Stephen Colbert, "Rawesome Foods raid", Colbert Report, Comedy Central, 6 Oct 2010, as discussed by David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 152].
  64. ^ a b David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 159.
  65. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 153–154.
  66. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), pp 159–161.
  67. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 165.
  68. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 207.
  69. ^ David E Gumpert, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Food Rights (Chelsea Green, 2013), p 231.
  70. ^ Carl Lenore, interviewing Aajonus Vonderplanitz, Superhuman Radio, 28 Apr 2009.