Abbreviated mental test score

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The Abbreviated mental test score (AMTS) was introduced by Hodkinson in 1972[1] to rapidly assess elderly patients for the possibility of dementia. Its uses in medicine have become somewhat wider over the years and now the AMTS is used to assess for confusion and other cognitive impairment, although it has mainly been validated in the elderly.


The following questions are put to the patient. Each question correctly answered scores one point. A score of 7-8 or less suggests cognitive impairment at the time of testing, although further and more formal tests are necessary to confirm a diagnosis of dementia, delirium or other causes of cognitive impairment.

Question [1] Score
What is your age? (1 point)  
What is the time to the nearest hour? (1 point)  
Give the patient an address, and ask him or her to repeat it at the end of the test. (1 point)

e.g. 42 West Street

What is the year? (1 point)  
What is the name of the office or doctor you are seeing today? (1 point)  
Can the patient recognize two persons (the doctor, nurse, home help, etc.)? (1 point)  
What is your date of birth? (day and month sufficient) (1 point)  
In what year did the 2WW end? (1 point)

(other dates can be used, with a preference for dates some time in the past.)

Name the current monarch. (1 point)
Count backwards from 10 down to 1. (1 point)  

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hodkinson, HM (November 1972). "Evaluation of a mental test score for assessment of mental impairment in the elderly". Age and Ageing. 1 (4): 233–8. doi:10.1093/ageing/1.4.233. PMID 4669880.