Purdue Pegboard Test

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Purdue Pegboard Test
Diagnostics

The Purdue Pegboard Test is a neuropsychological test of manual dexterity and bimanual coordination.[1] The test involves two different abilities: gross movements of arms, hands, and fingers, and fine motor extremity, also called "fingerprint" dexterity.[2] Poor Pegboard performance is a sign of deficits in complex, visually guided, or coordinated movements that are likely mediated by circuits involving the basal ganglia.[3]

History[edit]

Dr. Joseph Tiffin, an Industrial Psychologist at Purdue University, designed the test in 1948. It was originally intended for assessing the dexterity of assembly line workers.[4]

Method and interpretation[edit]

The pegboard consists of a board with two parallel rows with 25 holes into which cylindrical metal pegs are placed by the examinee. The test involves a total of four trials.[5] To begin, there is a brief practice. The subsets for preferred, non-preferred, and both hands require the patient to place the pins in the holes as quickly as possible, with the score being the number of pins placed in 30 seconds.

Neurocognitive disorders[edit]

The Purdue Pegboard test predicted worse adult tic severity and correlated with tic severity at the time of childhood assessment.

Purdue Pegboard performance deficiencies have been linked to poor social functioning in schizophrenia.

Industry[edit]

Results from a correlation analysis suggested that a person's capability on the Purdue Pegboard Test is a good predictor of their ability to use a mobile phone in cold weather.[6]

Reliability[edit]

One-trial administration of the Purdue Pegboard Test produced test-retest reliability of 0.60 to 0.79. The three-trial administration test-retest reliability ranged from 0.82 to 0.91.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Esther Strauss (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. Oxford University Press. pp. 1042–. ISBN 978-0-19-515957-8. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Jack M. Guralnik; Linda P. Fried; Eleanor M. Simonsick; Judith D. Kasper; Mary E. Lafferty (1 July 1995). The Women's Health and Aging Study: Health and Social Characteristics of Older Women With Disability. DIANE Publishing. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-7881-3122-6. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Davide Martino; James F. Leckman (9 May 2013). Tourette Syndrome. Oxford University Press. pp. 113–. ISBN 978-0-19-979626-7. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Mary Vining Radomski; Catherine A. Trombly Latham (2008). Occupational Therapy for Physical Dysfunction. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 1140–. ISBN 978-0-7817-6312-7. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Patricia Espe-Pfeifer; Jana Wachsler-Felder (30 April 2000). Neuropsychological Interpretations of Objective Psychological Tests. Springer. pp. 26–. ISBN 978-0-306-46224-5. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Patrick Langdon; John Clarkson; Peter Robinson (28 February 2010). Designing Inclusive Interactions: Inclusive Interactions Between People and Products in Their Contexts of Use. Springer. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-1-84996-166-0. Retrieved 19 August 2013.