Controlled Oral Word Association Test
Controlled Oral Word Association Test, abbreviated COWA or COWAT, is a verbal fluency test that measures spontaneous production of words belonging to the same category or beginning with some designated letter.
The test was first called the "Verbal Associative Fluency Test", and then was changed to the "Controlled Word Association Test".
The participant is usually asked to name words beginning with a letter, excluding proper nouns, for one minute and this procedure is repeated three times. The most commons letters used are FAS because of their frequency in the English language. The examiner must quickly write down the words provided by the participant on a piece of paper. The whole examination usually takes 5–10 minutes.
- Patricia Espe-Pfeifer; Jana Wachsler-Felder (30 April 2000). Neuropsychological Interpretation of Objective Psychological Tests. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-306-46224-5.
- Muriel Deutsch Lezak (2 March 1995). Neuropsychological Assessment. Oxford University Press. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-19-509031-4.
- Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison (15 June 2009). Child Neuropsychology: Assessment and Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 2nd Edition. Springer. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-387-88963-4.
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