Adiponectin receptor 2

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ADIPOR2
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesADIPOR2, adiponectin receptor 2, ACDCR2, PAQR2
External IDsMGI: 93830 HomoloGene: 56119 GeneCards: ADIPOR2
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 12 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 12 (human)[1]
Chromosome 12 (human)
Genomic location for ADIPOR2
Genomic location for ADIPOR2
Band12p13.33Start1,688,574 bp[1]
End1,788,674 bp[1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_024551

NM_197985
NM_001355692

RefSeq (protein)

NP_078827

NP_932102
NP_001342621

Location (UCSC)Chr 12: 1.69 – 1.79 MbChr 6: 119.35 – 119.42 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Adiponectin receptor 2 (AdipoR2) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the ADIPOR2 gene.[5] It is a member of the progestin and adipoQ receptor (PAQR) family, and is also known as PAQR2.[6]

Structure[edit]

Similar to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), AdipoR2 also possesses 7 transmembrane domains. However, AdipoR2 is orientated oppositely to GPCRs in the membrane (i.e., cytoplasmic N-terminus, extracellular C-terminus) and does not associate with G proteins.[5]

Function[edit]

The adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, serve as receptors for globular and full-length adiponectin and mediate increased AMPK and PPAR-α ligand activities, as well as fatty acid oxidation and glucose uptake by adiponectin.[5] In 2016, the University of Tokyo announced it was launching an investigation into anonymously made claims of fabricated and falsified data on the identification of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2.[7]

Ligands[edit]

Agonists[edit]

Peptide[edit]

Non-peptide[edit]

Antagonists[edit]

Peptide[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ENSG00000285070 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000006831, ENSG00000285070 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000030168 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ a b c Yamauchi T, Kamon J, Ito Y, Tsuchida A, Yokomizo T, Kita S, Sugiyama T, Miyagishi M, Hara K, Tsunoda M, Murakami K, Ohteki T, Uchida S, Takekawa S, Waki H, Tsuno NH, Shibata Y, Terauchi Y, Froguel P, Tobe K, Koyasu S, Taira K, Kitamura T, Shimizu T, Nagai R, Kadowaki T (June 2003). "Cloning of adiponectin receptors that mediate antidiabetic metabolic effects". Nature. 423 (6941): 762–9. doi:10.1038/nature01705. PMID 12802337.
  6. ^ Tang YT, Hu T, Arterburn M, Boyle B, Bright JM, Emtage PC, Funk WD (September 2005). "PAQR proteins: a novel membrane receptor family defined by an ancient 7-transmembrane pass motif". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 61 (3): 372–80. doi:10.1007/s00239-004-0375-2. PMID 16044242.
  7. ^ University of Tokyo to investigate data manipulation charges against six prominent research groups ScienceInsider, Dennis Normile, Sep 20, 2016
  8. ^ a b c Otvos L, Knappe D, Hoffmann R, Kovalszky I, Olah J, Hewitson TD, Stawikowska R, Stawikowski M, Cudic P, Lin F, Wade JD, Surmacz E, Lovas S (2014). "Development of second generation peptides modulating cellular adiponectin receptor responses". Frontiers in Chemistry. 2: 93. doi:10.3389/fchem.2014.00093. PMC 4201147. PMID 25368867.
  9. ^ Okada-Iwabu M, Yamauchi T, Iwabu M, Honma T, Hamagami K, Matsuda K, Yamaguchi M, Tanabe H, Kimura-Someya T, Shirouzu M, Ogata H, Tokuyama K, Ueki K, Nagano T, Tanaka A, Yokoyama S, Kadowaki T (November 2013). "A small-molecule AdipoR agonist for type 2 diabetes and short life in obesity". Nature. 503 (7477): 493–9. doi:10.1038/nature12656. PMID 24172895.
  10. ^ a b c d Sun Y, Zang Z, Zhong L, Wu M, Su Q, Gao X, Zan W, Lin D, Zhao Y, Zhang Z (2013). "Identification of adiponectin receptor agonist utilizing a fluorescence polarization based high throughput assay". PLoS One. 8 (5): e63354. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063354. PMC 3653934. PMID 23691032.

External links[edit]