Agricultural Adjustment Act Amendment of 1935
|Other short titles||Potato Control Act of 1935|
|Long title||An Act to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act, and for other purposes.|
|Enacted by||the 74th United States Congress|
|Effective||August 24, 1935|
|Statutes at Large||49 Stat. 750|
|Titles amended||7 U.S.C.: Agriculture|
|U.S.C. sections created||7 U.S.C. ch. 29 §§ 801-833|
|U.S.C. sections amended|
In United States federal agriculture legislation, the Agricultural Adjustment Act Amendment of 1935 (P.L. 74-320) made several important and lasting changes to the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 (P.L. 73-10). Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Act into law on August 24, 1935.
Section 22 of the law gave the President authority to impose quotas when imports interfered with commodity programs designed to raise prices and farm income. Section 32 was designed to widen market outlets for surplus agricultural commodities by permanently appropriating funds (30% of annual gross customs receipts) to promote food consumption, reduce agricultural surpluses, and provide for the food needs of low income populations. Section 32 funds are used by the Secretary to purchase surplus commodities for donation outside normal channels of trade (e.g., to school lunch programs), and to support the costs of child nutrition programs. Section 22 has been superseded, but Section 32 continues to operate and is used primarily for child nutrition programs. In 1936, this act was declared unconstitutional and was therefore only a short-term benefit to farmers.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (August 24, 1935). "Presidential Statement upon Signing Amendments to the Agricultural Adjustment Act - August 24, 1935". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 332–333.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (October 25, 1935). "Presidential Statement on the Transition from an Emergency to a More Permanent Plan for American Agriculture - October 25, 1935". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 432–437.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (December 9, 1935). "Address on the Occasion of Receiving the 1935 Award for Distinguished Service in the Interest of Agriculture, Chicago, Illinois - December 9, 1935". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 483–491.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document: Jasper Womach. "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" (PDF).