Al-Lataminah

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Al-Lataminah
اللطامنة
Latamneh
Village
Al-Lataminah is located in Syria
Al-Lataminah
Al-Lataminah
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°19′15″N 36°37′21″E / 35.32083°N 36.62250°E / 35.32083; 36.62250
Country  Syria
Governorate Hama
District Mahardah
Subdistrict Kafr Zita
Population (2004)
 • Total 16,267
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Al-Lataminah (Arabic: اللطامنة‎, also spelled Latamneh or Latamnah) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, located 39 kilometers northwest of Hama. Nearby localities include Karnaz to the northwest, Kafr Zita to the north, Murik to the northeast, Suran to the east, Taybat al-Imam to the southeast, Halfaya and Mahardah to the south, Shaizar and Kafr Hud to the southwest and Hayalin and al-Suqaylabiyah to the west. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), al-Lataminah had a population of 16,267 in the 2004 census, making it the second largest locality in the nahiyah of Kafr Zita.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2]

Al-Lataminah and its vicinity contain several caves, many of which had been used as homes for the village's residents. Today, the use of modern housing has prevailed, but a few families continue to live in the caves.[3]

History[edit]

Al-Lataminah was inhabited during the Stone Age and excavations by teams from the Arab world, the United States, France and the Netherlands have been held at the site.[4] One such excavation was held in 1965 and several artifacts were uncovered.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

When Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt visited the region in the early 19th-century, during Ottoman rule, al-Lataminah was described as the "principal village" of Sanjak Hama.[6] During this period the village was part of the Sanjak (District) of Hama and in late 1829, it consisted of 84 faddan, larger than any other village in the district except for Taldou. It paid 8,250 qirsh in taxes, the highest rate of the revenue-producing (hasil) villages in the district.[7] In 1838, it had a predominantly Sunni Muslim population.[8] Towards the end of Egyptian Khedivate rule (1832-1841), in 1840, al-Lataminah was a large village that paid a moderate tax rate of 700 qirsh, as result of a tax decrease for rural villages at the expense of urban towns.[9]

Ongoing Syrian civil war[edit]

The Syrian state media reported that on 9 March 2012, al-Lataminah's mayor was kidnapped from his home by anti-government fighters. His car had been stolen earlier on 30 September 2011.[10] On 7 April 2012 secret United Nations monitors reported that dozens of residents were killed when the village was shelled by government forces, days before a truce was to be established.[11] The fatality count ranged from 24 to 27 and activists reported that the shelling was part of an attempt by security forces to raid the town after two days of clashes with defectors from the Syrian Army.[12]

In September 2012 Al Jazeera English classified al-Lataminah as a "rebel village". A girl was reportedly killed and several more people were injured as a result of shelling by government forces on 12 September.[13] In a mid-December 2012 rebel offensive against government-held positions in the Hama Governorate, al-Lataminah was captured by opposition forces along with a string of several other villages.[14]

Gas attacks were reported as occurring in Al-Lataminah in October 2016.[15] Additional attacks occurred on 24 and 25 March in 2017.[16] They were substantially confirmed a year later by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) as having been a sarin gas attack, and a chlorine gas attack, respectively.[17] Another sarin gas attack occurred on 30 March 2017.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Hama Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ "Alawites prepare as IS, Jabhat al-Nusra close in on regime areas". Al-Monitor. Al-Monitor. 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  3. ^ Abdel Hassan, Mahmoud. The Caverns of al-Lataminah. E-Homs. E-Syria. 2009-04-16. (in Arabic)
  4. ^ Fansa, 2008, p. 131.
  5. ^ "Orientalia". 37. Gregorian Biblical BookShop: 166. 
  6. ^ Burckhardt, 1822, p. 141.
  7. ^ Douwes, 2000, pp. 224-225.
  8. ^ Smith, 1841, p. 178.
  9. ^ Douwes, 2000, p. 202.
  10. ^ Head of al-Latamneh City Council Abducted, 2 Children Injured in Explosion, Authorities Kill Terrorists, Gunmen Turn Themselves In Archived 2012-04-14 at the Wayback Machine.. Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA). 2012-03-09.
  11. ^ Syria fighting 'kills 100' ahead of ceasefire. BBC News. 2012-04-07.
  12. ^ Syria deaths increase despite UN deadline. Al Jazeera English. 2012-04-07.
  13. ^ Intense fighting rages in Syrian cities. Al-Jazeera English. 2012-09-12.
  14. ^ Khoury, Mariam. Rebels seize towns in central Syria. Reuters. 2012-12-19.
  15. ^ "Dozens of cases of suffocation with Toxic gas in Hama". Baladi News Network. 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. 
  16. ^ "Summary of Open Source Evidence from the March 25th 2017 Chlorine Attack in Al-Lataminah, Hama". Leicester, England: Bellingcat. 9 October 2017. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. 
  17. ^ "Chemical weapons watchdog: Sarin, chlorine "very likely" used in 2017 Syria atatcks". CBS News. 13 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. 
  18. ^ "Investigating the March 30, 2017 Sarin Attack in Al-Lataminah". Leicester, England: Bellingcat. 26 October 2017. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]