Aleksandër Stavre Drenova

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Aleksandër Stavre Drenova
Aleksandër Stavre Drenova
Aleksandër Stavre Drenova
Born(1872-04-11)April 11, 1872
Drenovë, Ottoman Empire
(now Drenovë, Albania)
Died11 December 1947 (aged 75)
Bucharest, Romania
Pen nameAsdreni
Occupationwriter, poet
GenreLyrics, novels.


Aleksandër Stavre Drenova (11 April 1872 – 11 December 1947), best known under his pen name Asdreni, was one of the most well-known Albanian poets. One of his most recognizable works are the lyrics of Himni i Flamurit, the national anthem of Albania.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in the village of Drenovë, near Korçë, he studied at a Greek school in his village. His father died when he was just thirteen. In 1885, Drenova moved to Bucharest, Romania, where he rejoined his brothers. While there, he was exposed to other Albanian writers and nationalists (see Albanians of Romania).


In 1904, Asdreni published his first collection of ninety-nine poems called Rreze dielli ("Sun Rays"), dedicated to Skanderbeg, the Albanian national hero. His second ninety-nine poem collection, Ëndrra e lotë ("Dreams and Tears") was published in 1912 and was dedicated to the British anthropologist Edith Durham. Asdreni's third collection, Psallme murgu ("Psalms of a Monk"), came in 1930.

His poem "Kënga e bashkimit" (The Song of Unity), published in the volume Ëndrra [dh]e lotë (“Dreams and tears”, 1912), is a clear adaptation of Hora Unirii of Vasile Alecsandri.[1]

After a brief return to Albania in 1914, Aleksandër returned to Romania and continued to take interest in the Albanian national movement. He visited Albania again in 1937, but he soon after again returned to Romania, where he lived the rest of his life.


  1. ^ Robert Elsie, Albanian literature: a short history, 2005, p. 104.

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