Milto Sotir Gurra
Milto Sotir Gurra (1884–1972) was an Albanian journalist and short-story writer of the 20th-century. He first works came out during the last period of the Albanian National Awakening and continued for a 50-year period. Although simple in character and at times permeated by naive sentimental notes, Gurra's work reserves a certain importance within the Albanian literature due to its social context and thematics. Beside his own creations, Gurra translated to Albanian some of the masterpieces of the classic Russian literature.
Life and work
Gurra was born on 16 May 1884 in Marjan village of the Opar region near Korçë, back then part of the Ottoman Empire, today's southeastern Albania. As many southern Albanians, he had to emigrate at a young age. Gurra settled initially in Odessa, and later in Istanbul, Sofia, Constanța, and the United States. He collaborated with the local established Albanian communities and their press organs using the pen-names "Nomadhi", "Gjon Zeza", and "D.Toçka". His initial literature work consisted of short stories. They were periodically published in the Shqiperia (Albania) journal of Kristo Luarasi in Sofia, Bulgaria, and were later compiled in two story collections in 1911: Goca e Malësisë (The Highland Girl) and Rrëfenja (Narrations). His best stories are considered to be the ones written while residing in Odessa. Gurra published or co-published also his own journals, such as Atdheu (The homeland) published in Constanța, Romania in 1912, the monthly Shkëndija (The sparkle) of 1921 in Korçë, Zekthi (The gadfly), a satiric paper, and Zëri i Popullit (The voice of the people), a bi-monthly social-political journal, started in 1922 in Korçë, Mituria (The childhood), and Vatra a Rinisë (Hearth of Youth) where he published pieces written for children. As a journalist, he published articles in the Albanian communities' newspapers, such as Dielli (The sun), Kombi (The nation), Bashkimi i Kombit (Nation's Unity), Shqypeja e Shqypenis, etc.
Gurra died in Tirana in 1972.
Gurra's writing activity spans in around 50 years. His initial work expressed a mixture of Nationalist and Romantic ideas conform the general line of the National Awakening, like many other Albanian writers and poets of the same era.
Later works would be characterized by sentimentalism. As an emigrant, he was close to the problems and difficulties that the Albanian diaspora continuously dealt with. He described emigration as a tragedy which had made miserable the lives of many. The short story "The mother" describes how emigration destroyed families and filled people's lives with anxiety. Loneliness and the unhappy lives of the emigrants families is the theme of the short stories "The death of Mara" and "The belated cheque". In a number of stories, such as "Life after death", Gurra described the life of big cities, and how the lights and pleasures ruined many young emigrants. A collection of 22 of these stories were published in Tirana in 1938 under the name Plagët e Kurbetit (Torments of exile), where he also shows influence from O.Henry and Maupassant.
Beside prose, Gurra left also a poetic collection named Dëshirë (Desire). The Albanian composer Kristo Kono used some of Gurra's poetry and composed songs, such as Fol e qesh moj sylarushe (Talk and laugh o you bright eyed girl"), which entered the classic reportorial of the urban lyric music in Albania.
- Bihiku, Koço (1980). A history of Albanian literature. Tirana: 8 Nëntori Publishing House. p. 75. OCLC 9133663.
- Bardhyli, Alda (2013-12-25), Fan Noli/ Katër gota raki për t’i shkruar një letër mikut të vjetër, gazetarit Milto Sotir Gurra [Four shots of Raki to write a letter to an old friend, the journalist Milto Sotir Gurra] (in Albanian), Tirana: Gazeta Shqip
- Robert Elsie (2005). Albanian Literature: A Short History. I.B.Tauris. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-1-84511-031-4.
- Jeta e Re, 24, Pristina, Yugoslavia: Rilindja, 1972, p. 1123, ISSN 0350-638X, OCLC 4811986
- Boriçi, Hamit (1997). Një shekull e gjysmë publicistikë shqiptare (1848-1997). Enti Botues Poligrafik "Gjergj Fishta". p. 88.
- Fatmir Terziu (2014-02-08), Letërsia për fëmijë: nga shtrati nisës tek karakteristikat e saj, në skalitjen tipologjike të akademikut Bedri Dedja [Children's literature: from the cradle of its characteristics, to the typological engraving of the academic Bedri Dedja] (in Albanian), Fjalaelire,
...me daljen e revistes "Vatra e Rinise", qe nisi botimin ne vitin 1933. Kjo ishte tribuna e pare ku u botuan shkrimet e autoreve per te vegjel Milto Sotir Gurra, Vasil Xhacka, Ilo Mitke Qafezezi etj.
- Fan Stylian Noli (1968). Vepra të plota: Autobiografia. Rilindja. p. 113. OCLC 38785427.
- Ruzhdi Mata (1983). Josif Bageri. Shtëpia Botuese "8 Nëntori". p. 185.
- Joseph Twadell Shipley (1946). Encyclopedia of literature. Philosophical Library. p. 18.
- Eno Koço (2004). Albanian Urban Lyric Song in the 1930s. Scarecrow Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN 978-0-8108-4890-0.