Alice Stone Blackwell

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Alice Stone Blackwell
Alice Stone Blackwell, between 1880 and 1900
Born (1857-09-14)September 14, 1857
Orange, New Jersey
Died March 15, 1950(1950-03-15) (aged 92)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Resting place Forest Hills Cemetery, Boston, Massachusetts[1]
Nationality American
Alma mater Boston University
Movement Feminism
Radical socialism[2]
Parent(s) Lucy Stone
Henry Browne Blackwell
Relatives Elizabeth Blackwell (aunt)

Alice Stone Blackwell (September 14, 1857 – March 15, 1950) was an American feminist, suffragist, journalist, and human rights advocate.


Early Life and Education[edit]

Blackwell was born in East Orange, New Jersey to Henry Browne Blackwell and Lucy Stone, both of whom were suffrage leaders and helped establish the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). She was also the niece of Elizabeth Blackwell, America's first female physician.[3] Her mother introduced Susan B Anthony to the women's rights movement as well as being the first woman in various areas, including the first to earn a college degree in Massachusetts, first to keep her maiden name, and the first to speak about women's rights full-time.[4]

Alice was educated at the Harris Grammar School in Dorchester, the Chauncy School in Boston, Abbot Academy in Andover. She graduated from Boston University in 1881, at age 24. She belonged to Phi Beta Kappa Society.


Alice is well known for her work towards women's rights. At first resisting the cause of her mother and father, she later became a prominent reformer.[5] After graduating from Boston University, Alice began working for the Woman's Journal, the paper started by her parents. By 1884, her name was alongside her parents' on the paper's masthead. After her mother's death in 1893, Alice assumed almost sole editing responsibility of the paper.[6]

In 1890, she helped reconcile the American Woman Suffrage Association and National Woman Suffrage Association, two competing organizations in the women's suffrage movement, into the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).[4] The movement had become split in 1869 over disputes over the degree to which women's suffrage should be tied to African-American male suffrage. This split created the AWSA, which her parents helped organize, and the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.[6] From 1890 to 1908, Alice Stone Blackwell was the NAWSA's recording secretary and in 1909 and 1910 one of the national auditors. She was prominent in Woman's Christian Temperance Union activities. In 1903, she reorganized the Society of Friends of Russian Freedom in Boston.

She was also president of the New England and Massachusetts Woman Suffrage associations and honorary president of the Massachusetts League of Women Voters.[7]

In later life, Alice went blind.[8] She died March 15, 1950 at the age of ninety-two.[4]


Alice Stone Blackwell was also involved in humanitarian acts outside of the United States. In the 1890s, she traveled to Armenia, where she became passionately involved in the Armenian refugee community. She sold some of her possessions in order to feed Armenian children, and she also provided assistance to adults looking for jobs. This is also when she discovered her interest in international literature. She translated many of the country's works into English in Armenian Poems (1896). She would continue translating literature into English, including works of Hungarian, Yiddish, Mexican, French, Italian, and Russian poetry.[9][10]


  • Growing Up in Boston's Gilded Age: The Journal of Alice Stone Blackwell, 1872–1874
  • Lucy Stone: Pioneer of Woman's Rights (published 1930, reprinted 1971)
  • Some Spanish-American Poets translated by Alice Stone Blackwell (published 1929 by D. Appleton & Co.)
  • Armenian Poems translated by Alice Stone Blackwell (1st vol., 1896; 2nd vol., 1917). OCLC 4561287.
  • Songs of Russia (1906)
  • Songs of Grief and Joy translated from the Yiddish of Ezekiel Leavitt (1908)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Alice Stone Blackwell". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857–1950. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1885–1950
  3. ^ "Blackwell, Alice Stone 1857–1950". The Cambridge guide to women's writing in English. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. 1999. 
  4. ^ a b c "Alice Stone Blackwell - Biography". Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  5. ^ "Alice Blackwell, Noted Suffragist; Daughter Of Lucy Stone And Abolitionist Leader Dies. Editor, Author Was 92". The New York Times. March 16, 1950. Cambridge, Massachusetts, March 15, 1950 (AP) Alice Stone Blackwell, internationally known women's suffrage leader, died tonight at her home after a week's illness. Her age was 92. 
  6. ^ a b "American National Biography Online". Retrieved 2015-11-06. 
  7. ^ "Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857–1950. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1885–1950: A Finding Aid". Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  8. ^ Women Win the Vote: Who Were They? 75 Suffragists Profiled
  9. ^ "American National Biography Online". Retrieved 2015-11-06. 
  10. ^ Leonard, John (1914). Woman's Who's Who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada, 1914–1915. New York City: American Commonwealth Company. p. 104. 


External links[edit]