|Pineapple (Ananas comosus)|
This genus originated in Mesoamerica and was brought to the Caribbean Islands by the Carib natives. The oldest register with the representation of the fruit seems to be included in the Cascajal Block, attributed to the Olmec civilization.
In 1493, Christopher Columbus first saw plants of this genus in Guadeloupe. It was brought from Brazil to Europe by the Portuguese, and from there was distributed to the Pacific Islands by the Spanish and the English. Commercial pineapple plantations were established in Hawaii, the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Florida and Cuba. The pineapple has become one of the world's most popular fruits.
The tough leaves grow in large rosettes, arising basally from a crown. These leaves are long and lanceolate with a serrate or thorny margin. The flowers, arising from the heart of the rosette, each have their own sepals. They grow into a compact head on a short, robust stalk. The sepals become fleshy and juicy and develop into the well-known complex form of the pseudocarp fruit, crowned by a rosette of leaves.
- Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Smith - from Costa Rica to Paraguay
- Ananas bracteatus (Lindley) Schultes & Schultes f. - Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Ecuador
- Ananas comosus (Linnaeus) Merrill - Brazil and Paraguay; naturalized in parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, northern South America, and various islands in the Pacific
- Ananas erectifolius L.B.Sm. - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, French Guiana
- Ananas lucidus (Aiton) Schult. & Schult.f - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, French Guiana
- Ananas macrodontes E.Morren - Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay, northern Argentina
- Ananas parguazensis Camargo & L.B. Smith - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana
A pineapple in a garden in Martinique (Caribbean Sea)
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Bartholomew, D.P., Paull, R.E. & Rohrbach, K.G. (eds.) (2003 publ. 2002). The Pineapple. Botany, production and uses: 1-301. CABI publishing, Oxon, New York.