Angolan Navy

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Angolan Navy
Flag of Angola.svg
Active 1977-Present
Country  Angola
Type Navy
Size 1,000 Personnel
Engagements

The Angolan Navy (Portuguese: Marinha de Guerra Angolana) or MGA is the naval branch of the Angolan Armed Forces and is tasked with protecting Angola’s 1,600 km long coastline. The Angolan Navy has approximately 1,000 personnel.

History[edit]

The Angolan Navy was founded in 1977 and celebrated their 35th anniversary in 2012. Angolan Navy forces participated in the Angolan Civil War from 1975 until 2002. United States Navy Vice Admiral Harry B. Harris Jr., then commander of the US 6th Fleet, visited the 35th anniversary in Luanda, Angola on July 9, 2012.[1]

Modernization[edit]

Angola's oil wealth is allowing it to modernize its naval forces as most of the existing fleet are Soviet Navy exports from the 1980s. It was reported in 2009 that Angola was hoping to sign a US$800m deal with Germany for 3 new border protection Fast Attack Craft,[2] probably Lurssen PV80's. They were still trying to complete the deal in 2011[3] and there has been no word on it since.

In December 2013 it was reported that Angola would be buying a package of old ships from the Spanish Navy. Príncipe de Asturias (R11) a small (16,000t) Harrier carrier, to be transferred along with Pizarro (L42) a Newport class landing ship, Diana (F32) a Descubierta class corvette converted to minesweeper support ship, Chilreu (P61) lead ship of its class of ocean patrol vessels, and Ízaro (P27) an Anaga class patrol ship.[4]

Structure[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Surface Vessels[edit]

Fast Missile Craft[edit]

Small ships or boats designed to fire anti-ship missiles. First used by the Soviet Union, missile-armed FAC's could be used to sink much larger enemy naval ships.

Class Photo Number of Ships Notes
OSA-II HQ-359-2007.jpg 6 OSA-II 205ER Missile Boat (Soviet Navy: Project 205 Moskit)[6]

Fast Torpedo Craft[edit]

Small ships or boats designed to fire torpedoes. First used in the Second World War by both the Royal Navy and the Kriegsmarine, FAC's could be used to sink much larger enemy naval ships.

Class Photo Number of Ships Notes
Shershen-Class Project206 Shershen Egypt 1989 DN-SN-89-09160.jpg 6 Shershen-Class Torpedo Boat (Soviet Navy: Project 206 Shtorm)[7]

Inland/Coastal Patrol Boats[edit]

Small border protection craft often used for anti-piracy, anti-smuggling, and border patrolling. May be designed for use on estuaries and rivers (brown water) or oceanic (blue water) environments.

Class Photo Number of Ships Notes
Argos-class Patrol Boat NRP Escorpiao P1152 20090731.JPG 4
Aresa PVC-170 5 [5]
Poluchat-I Class 2
Zhuk-class Patrol Boat Boat U170 Skadovsk 2012 G1.jpg 1 or 2
Bellatrix Class 4 or 5
Mandume Class 4 [5]
Patrulheiro Class 3 [5]
Namacurra-class 2 [5] harbour patrol boat

On 5 September 2014, the Angolan Minister of Defence João Manuel Lourenço and Brazil`s Minister of Defence Celso Amorim signed a Memorandum of Understanding as part of Angola`s Naval Power Development Program (PRONAVAL). The MOU specifies that Angola will acquire seven Macaé-class patrol vessel, four to be built in Brazil, and three in Angola. The Brazilian EMGEPRON will have the lead in the project, overseeing the Angolan shipyard and training in addition to overall project management.[8]

Mine Warfare Craft[edit]

Small ship designed for either clearing up minefields or deploying new minefields.

Class Photo Number of Ships Notes
Yevgenya Class Caspian boat 207.jpg 2 Yevgenya Class (Soviet Navy: Project 1258 Korund) Minesweeper[9]

Amphibious Vessels[edit]

Ship designed to deploy troops on coasts and beaches during amphibious assault operations.

Class Photo Number of Ships Notes
Polnocny Class The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG 4 Polnocny Class Landing Ship (Soviet Navy: Project 770 (A)/Project 771 (B)) - 1 Polnocny-A Boat, 3 Polnocny-B Boats.[10][11]
Alfange Class 1
Landing Craft Tank 1
LDM-400 9 or 10 9 or 10 Ships.[5] from US c. 1964
An Angolan speed craft

Coastal Defense Equipment[edit]

Defensive equipment, both active and passive, used to defend Angola's coasts.

  1. SS-C1 Sepal Radar System.

Maritime Patrol Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft designed for maritime patrols, often involving anti-ship, anti-submarine, and search and rescue duties.

Aircraft Manufacturer Origin Type Version Image Notes
Fokker F27 Friendship Netherlands Maritime Reconnaissance F27 Maritime Enforcer or F27 200-MAR Spanish Air Force Fokker F-27-200MAR Maritime Lofting.jpg
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil Maritime Reconnaissance EMB 111A Brazilian Air Force Embraer P-95B Bandeirulha (EMB-111A).jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commander Sixth Fleet Attends 35th Angolan Navy Celebration". Navy.mil. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  2. ^ "Angola to buy Navy ships". News24. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  3. ^ Mendes, Candido (2011-07-14). "Germany Seeks to Sell Patrol Ships to Angola to Modernize, Dos Santos Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  4. ^ "Solución de última hora de la Armada: Angola compra el 'Príncipe de Asturias'". El Confidencial Digital. 2 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Angola". DefenceWeb. 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  6. ^ "Missile boats - Project 205". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  7. ^ "Large torpedo boat - Project 206". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  8. ^ Barreira, Victor (17 September 2014). "Angola orders patrol boats from Brazil". Jane's Defence Weekly. 51 (38): 19.
  9. ^ "Inshore minesweepers - Project 1258". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  10. ^ "Medium landing ships - Project 770". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  11. ^ "Medium landing ship - Project 771". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.