|Screenplay by||Panchu Arunachalam|
|Story by||R. Selvaraj|
|Produced by||P. Thamizharasi|
|Edited by||B. Kandasamy|
S. P. T. Films
Annakili is a 1976 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film, directed by Devaraj–Mohan and written by Panchu Arunachalam from a story by R. Selvaraj. The film stars Sivakumar and Sujatha with S. V. Subbaiah, Srikanth, Thengai Srinivasan and Fatafat Jayalaxmi in supporting roles. It was produced by S. P. Thamizharasi under the production banner "SPT Films". The film's soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, who made his debut as film composer with this film while the story was written by R. Selvaraj and the screenplay and lyrics were written by Panchu Arunachalam. A. Somasundaram and Kandasamy handled cinematography and editing respectively.
When Ilaiyaraaja met Panchu Arunachalam, the latter asked if the former had composed any songs; Ilaiyaraaja casually sang a bunch of songs, one of which was "Annakkili Unnai Theduthe". An impressed Panchu Arunachalam decided to write a film story to accommodate these songs; the film would be titled Annakili. Annakili was released on 14 May 1976 and became a commercial success. The film was screened at the Indian Panorama section of the International Film Festival of India in 1978. It was remade in Telugu as Rama Chilaka (1978).
This article needs an improved plot summary. (December 2021)
The movie revolves around Annakili, who falls in love with teacher Thyagarajan. Due to circumstances, Thyagarajan marries another girl. Azhagappan, a womaniser creates a misunderstanding about Annakili among the villagers; the rest of the film shows how Annakili proves her innocence.
- Sivakumar as Thyagarajan
- Sujatha as Annakili
- S. V. Subbaiah as Vadivel Ambal
- Srikanth as Magudapathy
- Thengai Srinivasan as Azhagappan
- Vennira Aadai Moorthy as Azhagappan's right hand man
- Senthamarai as Madasamy
- Fatafat Jayalaxmi as Sumathi
- Manimala as Thyagarajan's sister
- M. N. Rajam as[clarification needed]
- S. N. Lakshmi as Thyagarajan's mother
When Ilaiyaraaja met Panchu Arunachalam, the latter asked if the former had composed any songs; Ilaiyaraaja casually sang a bunch of songs, one of which was "Annakkili Unnai Theduthe". An impressed Panchu Arunachalam decided to write a film story to accommodate these songs; the film would be titled Annakili. The film was made on a shoestring budget under ₹4 lakh (worth ₹4.7 crore in 2021 prices).) The climax, featuring a theatre being set on fire, was inspired by the film Kannagi.
The film's soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, who made his debut as composer with this film, and the lyrics were written by Panchu Arunachalam. Arunachalam added "Ilaiya" (Ilaiya means younger in Tamil language) as prefix in his name Raaja and he named as "Ilaiyaraaja" to differentiate from the already established composer A. M. Rajah. For the soundtrack, Ilaiyaraaja applied the techniques of modern popular film music orchestration to Tamil folk poetry and folk song melodies, which created a fusion of Western and Tamil idioms. The song "Machanai Paartheengala" was originally composed and sung at a marriage by Ilaiyaraaja and his orchestra even before the film's release. The violin portions of the song were used by music director K for the "Bar Anthem" in Mugamoodi (2012). The song "Sonthamillai Banthamillai" is based on Nadanamakriya raga.
|1||Adi Raakayi||S. Janaki||Panchu Arunachalam||04:11|
|3||Annakili (Sad)||T. M. Soundararajan||03:17|
|4||Machaana Pathingala||S. Janaki||04:26|
|5||Sontham Illai||P. Susheela||04:02|
Release and reception
Annakili was released on 14 May 1976. Ananda Vikatan, in a review dated 30 May 1976, was positive towards the film, particularly the performances of Sujatha, Sivakumar and Srikanth, but felt it would have been better in colour.
The film won the FilmFare Best Film Award of the year and also received ₹1 lakh subsidy from the Government of Tamil Nadu.
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