|Directed by||P. Madhavan|
|Produced by||P. Madhavan|
|Written by||Bala Murugan|
|Based on||The Taming of the Shrew
by William Shakespeare
V. K. Ramasamy
|Music by||M. S. Viswanathan|
|Cinematography||P. N. Sundaram|
|Edited by||R. Devarajan|
Arun Prasad Movies
|Distributed by||Arun Prasad Movies|
Pattikada Pattanama (English: Village or Town) is a 1972 Indian Tamil language drama film produced and directed by P. Madhavan and written by Bala Murugan. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan and Jayalalithaa in the lead roles with Shubha, Manorama, V. K. Ramasamy and Sukumari in supporting roles. The soundtrack was composed by M.S. Vishwanathan and lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The film deals with Kalpana, a modern woman who gets married to villager Mookaiyan. After the marriage, differences of opinion arise between couple as Mookaiyan raises objections about city culture,which leads to separation. The rest of the film shows whether Kalpana reforms and the couple are united or not.
Pattikada Pattanama was released on 6 May 1972 and ran for 189 days in theatres and became one of the box office hits of year 1972. This was the last black and white film which celebrated 25 weeks silver jubilee in four centres — Chennai, Salem, Madurai and Trichy, and this was the first movie that ran daily four shows for more than 30 days at Salem.
Mookkaiyan (Sivaji Ganesan) belongs to a well-to-do family and lives in the village Sozhavandan. He is held in high esteem by the villagers for his prowess. One day, his uncle Chockalingam (V. K. Ramaswamy), Chockalingam's wife Bama (Sukumari) and their foreign-educated daughter Kalpana (Jayalalithaa) come to Sozhavandan to participate in the Mariamman festival. Kalpana is fascinated by Mookaiyan's prowess; her mother disapproves of Kalpana's emotional reaction while her father is happy. Bama settles a young man of Madurai to marry Kalpana. Moved by the pleas of Chockalingam, Mookaiyan goes to the bridegroom's house and brings back Kalpana, saying that he has the right by birth to marry her.
Married life starts well for Mookaiyan and Kalpana, but before long differences arise because of their different backgrounds. At Kalpana's birthday party, Mookaiyan objects to drinking and dancing by her hippie friends. He beats Kalpana, and she leaves him to join her mother. A lawyer's notice for divorce is received. Mookaiyan futilely tries to make Bama understand the situation. The mother and daughter are adamant and Mookaiyan returns home determined to teach them a lesson.
Kalpana, having been impregnated by Mookaiyan some time earlier, gives birth to a child. In her anxiety to save Kalpana from further involvements, Bama leaves the child in an orphanage. Kalpana is shocked by this act of her mother. By the time she goes to recover the child, Mookaiyan has already taken it away. Kalpana beseeches her father to get the child from Mookaiyan. Unexpectedly, Mookaiyan comes there to deliver an invitation card for his marriage with his cousin Rakkamma (Shubha). Kalpana and her parents are now repentant.
Kalpana goes alone to Mookaiyan's house and asks her husband to leap over their child and then tie the thali to another girl. To her surprise, Kalpana discovers that the marriage being celebrated is that of a different man named Mookaiyan, while her husband did no injustice to her; she falls at her husband's feet and the family reunites.
- Sivaji Ganesan as Mookkaiyan, a farmer and a chieftain of his village.
- Jayalalithaa as Kalpana, a rich foreign educated girl
- Shubha (debut) as Rakkamma, Mookkaiyan's cousin
- V. K. Ramasamy as Chockalingam, Kalpana's father
- Manorama as Vellaiamma, a village girl
- M. R. R. Vasu
- S. N. Lakshmi
- Sukumari as Bama, Kalpana's mother
- Veera Raghavan
- C. R. Rajakumari
Pattikada Pattanama was based on the William Shakespeare comedy The Taming of the Shrew. Malayalam actress Sukumari, who was doing small roles, appeared as the mother of Jayalalithaa in the film at the age of 21 and the role earned her breakthrough as supporting actress.
|Soundtrack album by M. S. Viswanathan|
The music was composed by M. S. Viswanathan. The song "Ennadi Rakkamma" was well received and remains a cult classic. The song was later remixed by D. Imman in the film Vaadaa (2010). According to G. Dhananjayan in his book Pride of Tamil Cinema, "the film had mass entertainment songs which helped in the film's success". D. Karthikeyan of The Hindu writing about TMS mentioned that his "folksy number Ennadi Rakkamma Pallakku from Pattikada Pattanama still makes people go crazy with its rustic beats and beautiful rendition and the song is a must in cultural festivals in Madurai".
|1||Ambikaiye Easwariye||T. M. Soundararajan||Kannadasan||04:24|
|2||Adi Ennadi Rakkamma||T. M. Soundararajan||02:50|
|3||Adi Ennadi Rakkamma (Sad)||T. M. Soundararajan||03:37|
|4||Kettukodi Urumi||T. M. Soundararajan, L. R. Eswari||04:27|
|5||Muthu Solai||P. Susheela||03:47|
|6||Nalvazhthu Naan Soluvaen||T. M. Soundararajan||03:29|
Release and reception
The film was released on 6 May 1972 with a final reel length of 4,385 metres (14,386 ft). Former minister K. Kamaraj who saw the film at a private screening appreciated the film stating that the film "demonstrated the need to practice our culture and traditions of one wife and one husband". It was Sivaji Ganesan's first village based film, it became a commercial success and ran for 100 days. G. Dhananjayan wrote "The film's core theme of who protects the culture of our country widely appealed to the masses. The film stood out for its fine acting by Sivaji Ganesan who portrayed two different characters with conviction". Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan in its review dated 28 June 1972 stated that "Sivaji's energetic acting is a highlight of the film. The outdoor scenes were shot beautifully in this otherwise usual old wine in new bottle story". The Hindu praised Manorama's performance, stating that her character "was in full flow and enthralled everyone by effortlessly rendering Madurai dialect".
- Pattikada Pattanama, Indian Cinema Database, archived from the original on 13 June 2008, retrieved 2008-11-29
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 228.
- Guy, Randor (September 18, 2009). "Arivaali 1963". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
- "Mother of all roles". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- Dhananjayan 2014, p. 229.
- "Pattikada Pattinama Songs". tamiltunes. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
- "Pattikada Pattinama Songs". raaga. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
- "Double delight for Sundar C". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
- Adi Ennadi Raakkamma (Remix) (Full Song) - Vaada. YouTube. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- "TMS, the unsung hero of Tamil film world". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- "Actor Manorama — She ruled the screen". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 October 2015.