Anthicidae

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Ant-like flower beetles
COLE Anthicidae Anthicus sp m.png
Anthicus sp. male
Scientific classification
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Anthicidae

Latreille, 1819
Subfamilies

Anthicinae
Copobaeninae
Eurygeniinae
Ischaliinae
Lemodinae
Macratriinae
Steropinae
Tomoderinae

The Anthicidae are a family of beetles that resemble ants. They are sometimes called ant-like flower beetles or ant-like beetles. The family comprises over 3,500 species [1] in about 100 genera.

Description[edit]

Profile of an anthicid
Members of the genus Anthelephila are ant-like in superficial appearance.

Their heads constrict just in front of the pronotum, forming a neck, and the posterior end of the pronotum is usually narrow as well. Legs and antennae are slender, heightening the ant-like appearance, and the body is sparsely covered with setae.

Biology[edit]

Adult beetles are omnivorous, being known to consume small arthropods, pollen, fungi, and whatever else they can find. Some species are of interest as biological control agents, as they can eat the eggs or larvae of pests. Larvae are either omnivorous, predators, or fungus-eaters; the young of one species of Notoxus have been observed boring into sweet potato tubers.

Many members of the family are attracted to cantharidin, which they seem to accumulate and that deters possible predators.

Taxonomy[edit]

Synonyms of the family include Notoxidae and Ischaliidae.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Telnov, Dmitry (2008). van Harten, Antonius (ed.). "Order Coleoptera, family Anthicidae". Arthropod fauna of the UAE. Dar Al Ummah Printing, Publishing, Distribution & Advertising, Abu Dhabi. 1: 270–292.