Anthony Kershaw

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir John Anthony Kershaw MC, DL (14 December 1915 – 29 April 2008) was a British Conservative Party Member of Parliament for 32 years, from 1955 to 1987. He served as a junior minister in the 1970s. He was also a barrister, World War II cavalry officer, amateur rugby player and company director.

Early life and education[edit]

Kershaw was born in Cairo, the second son of Jack F. Kershaw - a judge at the Cairo Court of Appeal - and his wife, Anne, who hailed from Kentucky. He was educated at Eton College, where he played cricket. His father died when he was 13, and his elder brother, Overton, two years later. Kershaw read law at Balliol College, Oxford, where he befriended his contemporary Edward Heath. He became a barrister, and was called to the Bar at Inner Temple in 1939.

He married Barbara Edith Crookenden - daughter of solicitor Harry Crookenden - in 1939. They had two daughters and two sons named Carolyn, Harry, Cecilia and George.

War service[edit]

At the beginning of World War II, Kershaw served with the Thames River police, then was commissioned second lieutenant in the 16th/5th Lancers on 15 June 1940.[1] He was promoted temporary captain, and landed in North Africa in November 1942 in Operation Torch. He served in tanks, and was awarded the Military Cross (MC) for his actions north of the Kasserine Gap in Tunisia in 1943.[2] On 21 February 1943 he was a brigade staff officer (GSO3) with 26th Armoured Brigade (which comprised his own regiment amongst others) and had command of the brigade command tank. The brigadier was commanding from a scout car whose radio broke down. Kershaw, despite heavy machine gun and artillery fire, repeatedly ran from his tank, to the scout car, and back, to take the brigadier's orders, which he then relayed over the tank's radio. The following day, a German counterattack was believed to be imminent. Kershaw volunteered to man his tank, which had been disabled, to bring additional fire to bear on the advancing forces; despite its vulnerability to artillery fire as it was in full view on a road.[3][4][5]

Promoted temporary major, he landed in Normandy three days after D-Day (D+3) as brigade major (GSO1) of an armoured brigade and fought in northern France and Belgium, before becoming an instructor at the Staff College, Camberley. After the war, he transferred to the Inns of Court Regiment in the Territorial Army on 6 May 1948, reverting to his war substantive rank of captain.[6] He transferred into the TA reserve of officers on 16 August 1949 and was granted the honorary rank of major.[7] He returned to the active list, joining the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars as a captain once more, on 25 May 1951.[8] He regained the rank of major on 13 March 1954,[9] and was promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 6 April 1955,[10] and commanded the regiment until he again transferred to the TA reserve of officers on 7 April 1958.[11]

Political career[edit]

Kershaw returned to the bar after the war. He also served as a member of the London County Council from 1946 to 1949, and as a councillor on the Westminster City Council from 1947 to 1948. He played rugby union for Harlequins.

Kershaw contested Gloucester in 1950 and 1951. He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Stroud in 1955, remaining in that position until his retirement at the 1987 general election, with a substantially increased majority. He supported National Service in his maiden speech. He became private secretary to the Secretary of State for War, Antony Head, in 1956, and became Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Edward Heath in 1963, when Heath was Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development and President of the Board of Trade. He was a member of the Executive of the 1922 Committee from 1964 to 1966, and resumed the position as Heath's PPS in 1967, when Heath was leader of the Opposition. Kershaw represented the Conservatives at the Council of Europe and the Western European Union. After the Conservatives returned to power following the 1970 general election, Kershaw became a junior minister during the 1970-1974 Conservative government, first as Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Public Building and Works (1970), then, after the death of Iain Macleod, as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1970–1973), and finally Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Ministry of Defence with responsibility for the Royal Air Force (June 1973 - January 1974), replacing Lord Lambton who resigned after a sex scandal.

He was unwaveringly loyal to Heath's successor, Margaret Thatcher, but his political views (he supported abortion but opposed hanging; he also supported the European Union and electoral reform) barred him from further ministerial office.[12] He served as chairman of the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Select Committee from 1979 to 1987, and again on the 1922 Committee executive from 1983 to 1987. He was knighted in the 1981 New Year Honours, "[f]or political and public service".[13][14]

In 1984, he was forwarded information received by Tam Dalyell relating to the sinking of the General Belgrano in the Falklands War, which showed that the full facts had not been released to the public. Kershaw sent the information to the Ministry of Defence, which identified the leak as originating with Clive Ponting, who was tried (but acquitted) for an offence under section 2 of the Official Secrets Act 1911.[15]

Kershaw joined the National Committee for Electoral Reform in 1976, and served as a vice-chairman of the British Council from 1974 to 1987. He also continued his legal work, and was an adviser to British American Tobacco and the Association of British Marine Tools. Having kept wicket at Eton, he later played for the House of Commons cricket team.

He became Deputy Lieutenant of Gloucestershire in 1989,[16] and served as Vice-Lord Lieutenant from 1990 to 1993. He hunted with the Beaufort Hunt and the Berkeley Hunt, and also enjoyed shooting, stalking and gardening. He died in Didmarton in Gloucestershire. He was survived by his wife and their four children.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "(Supplement) no. 34877". The London Gazette. 18 June 1940. p. 3766. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  2. ^ "no. 36180". The London Gazette. 21 September 1943. p. 4216. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  3. ^ "Sir Anthony Kershaw—Long-serving Conservative MP who was a junior minister in Ted Heath's Government and whose passion was hunting". The Times. London. 5 May 2008. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  4. ^ "Sir Anthony Kershaw—Influential and popular Conservative backbencher who also won an MC in North Africa.". The Daily Telegraph. 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  5. ^ "Recommendations for Honours and Awards (Army)—Image details—Kershaw, John Anthony" (Fee required to view full details of original recommendation). Documents Online. The National Archives. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  6. ^ "no. 38396". The London Gazette. 3 September 1948. p. 4855. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  7. ^ "(Supplement) no. 38775". The London Gazette. 6 December 1949. p. 5773. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  8. ^ "(Supplement) no. 39345". The London Gazette. 28 September 1951. p. 5100. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  9. ^ "(Supplement) no. 40202". The London Gazette. 11 June 1954. p. 3520. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  10. ^ "(Supplement) no. 40476". The London Gazette. 10 May 1955. p. 2782. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  11. ^ "(Supplement) no. 41389". The London Gazette. 16 May 1958. p. 3168. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  12. ^ Roth, Andrew (2 May 2008). "Obituary—Sir Anthony Kershaw—Long-serving centrist Tory MP, he was also a barrister". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  13. ^ "(Supplement) no. 48467". The London Gazette. 30 December 1980. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  14. ^ "no. 48609". The London Gazette. 12 May 1981. p. 6655. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  15. ^ Dalyell, Tam (2 May 2008). "Sir Anthony Kershaw: Supremely loyal Conservative MP". The Independent. Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  16. ^ "no. 51790". The London Gazette. 23 June 1989. p. 6655. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency
Member of Parliament for Stroud
19551987
Succeeded by
Roger Knapman