Armavir, Russia

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Armavir

Армавир
In Armavir
In Armavir
Flag of Armavir
Flag
Coat of arms of Armavir
Coat of arms
Location of Armavir
Armavir is located in Russia
Armavir
Armavir
Location of Armavir
Armavir is located in Krasnodar Krai
Armavir
Armavir
Armavir (Krasnodar Krai)
Coordinates: 45°00′N 41°07′E / 45.000°N 41.117°E / 45.000; 41.117Coordinates: 45°00′N 41°07′E / 45.000°N 41.117°E / 45.000; 41.117
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Founded1839[2]
City status sinceJanuary 18, 1914
Government
 • BodyCity Duma
 • HeadAndrey Kharchenko (acting)
Area
 • Total280 km2 (110 sq mi)
Elevation
190 m (620 ft)
Population
 • Total188,832
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
190,709 (+1%)
 • Rank96th in 2010
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toCity of Armavir[1]
 • Capital ofCity of Armavir[1]
 • Urban okrugArmavir Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofArmavir Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
352900–352906, 352909, 352910, 352912, 352913, 352915, 352916, 352918, 352919, 352922–352924, 352930–352932, 352949
Dialing code(s)+7 86137
OKTMO ID03705000001
City DayThird Sunday of September
Twin townsArmavir, GomelEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.armawir.ru

Armavir (Russian: Армави́р) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kuban River. Population: 188,832 (2010 Census);[3] 193,964 (2002 Census);[8] 160,983 (1989 Census);[9] 144,000 (1969). Armavir was formerly the second-largest industrial center of Krasnodar Krai, after Krasnodar.

History[edit]

The area of today's Armavir was first inhabited by Abazins. Later Turkic Tatars from the Crimean Khanate also settled here. As a result of the Caucasian War the remaining Abazins were forced to emigrate from Southern Russia to the Ottoman Empire. Armavir is also claimed to be a part of the historical land of the Circassians.

The contemporary settlement was founded in 1839[2] by Cherkesogai Armenians as Armyansky aul (Армя́нский ау́л). Its is known by its current name since 1848, when it was named after the Armavir, one of the historical capitals of ancient Armenia.[10]

During the Russian Civil War of 1918–1920, a number of brutal battles took place near the city. The Taman Army's military campaign ended in Armavir in 1918. The Soviet authority was established in Armavir in March 1920. During World War II, the city was occupied by the German Army. It was liberated by the Red Army in January 1943.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eleven rural localities, incorporated as the City of Armavir—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Armavir is incorporated as Armavir Urban Okrug.[5]

Industry[edit]

Armavir is the second largest industrial center of Krasnodar Krai, after Krasnodar. The city is known as center for food processing, machine building and timber working industries. Here is located one of the oldest engineering enterprises of Kuban - Kubanzheldormash, founded in 1933.

Climate[edit]

Armavir has a humid continental climate.[11]

Climate data for Armavir (1936-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
23.6
(74.5)
31.0
(87.8)
36.8
(98.2)
35.1
(95.2)
39.8
(103.6)
40.5
(104.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
36.3
(97.3)
26.6
(79.9)
21.1
(70.0)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
3.8
(38.8)
9.6
(49.3)
17.8
(64.0)
23.0
(73.4)
26.9
(80.4)
30.0
(86.0)
29.5
(85.1)
24.4
(75.9)
17.3
(63.1)
10.2
(50.4)
4.4
(39.9)
16.7
(62.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.6
(38.5)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.3
(68.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
17.3
(63.1)
10.9
(51.6)
5.0
(41.0)
0.3
(32.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.8
(42.4)
10.6
(51.1)
14.2
(57.6)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61.0)
11.6
(52.9)
6.3
(43.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −33.2
(−27.8)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.5
(34.7)
7.8
(46.0)
4.4
(39.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−33.2
(−27.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.2
(1.39)
31.0
(1.22)
36.1
(1.42)
47.8
(1.88)
70.5
(2.78)
81.0
(3.19)
57.4
(2.26)
56.9
(2.24)
44.5
(1.75)
53.5
(2.11)
47.9
(1.89)
40.7
(1.60)
602.7
(23.73)
Average precipitation days 11.3 9.8 11.1 11.3 11.9 11.3 9.0 8.9 8.4 9.7 10.7 11.6 124.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 94 113 156 191 255 280 310 286 229 174 109 79 2,276
Source: climatebase.ru[12]

Military[edit]

Armavir Radar Station is on the site of Baronovsky Airfield, 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) southwest of the town. Armavir (air base) is close to the city.

Sister city[edit]

Notable Residents[edit]

Alexi Gowthorpov, of the wealthy Gowthorpov family, was born and raised in Armavir

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 24. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #684-KZ
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus. Cornell University Pres. 2015. p. 136.
  11. ^ "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification" (PDF).
  12. ^ "Climatebase". Retrieved October 29, 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №684-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город Армавир и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №64–65, 17 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #684-KZ of April 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Armavir and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]