Armenian Communist Party
|Founded||29 July 1991 (registered)|
|Youth wing||Communist Youth Union of Armenia|
|Membership||18,000 (self-claimed, 2006)|
|Political position||Left-wing to far-left|
|Continental affiliation||Union of Communist Parties – Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
|Seats in National Assembly|
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The Armenian Communist Party (Armenian: Հայաստանի կոմունիստական կուսակցություն, ՀԿԿ; Hayastani Komunistakan Kusaktsutyun, HKK) is a communist party in Armenia. It considers itself the successor to the Armenian branch the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It is the main communist party in Armenia and claimed 18,000 (mostly elderly) members in 2006. HKK publishes Hayastani Komunist and Pravda Armenii.
It should not be confused with the historical Communist Party of Armenia during the Soviet era, nor the Democratic Party of Armenia, a party founded by the last secretary of the Communist Party of Armenia, Aram Gaspar Sargsyan.
The title of the party leader is First Secretary.
- 1991–1999: Sergey Badalyan
- 2000–2005: Vladimir Darbinyan
- 2005–2013: Ruben Tovmasyan
- 2013–: Tachat Sargsyan
The party was described as "staunchly pro-Russian" by the US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in 2002. In a 1994 rally, the party called for "a new union with Russia", calling it Armenia's "only salvation." In 2011, party members marched through downtown Yerevan towards the square named after Stepan Shahumyan, an early Armenian communist revolutionary. They held banners reading “Socialism”, “Long Live the Communist Party of Armenia”, “Down with Capitalism”, “Forever with Russia”. Its leader, Ruben Tovmasyan, stated: "History has proved that Armenia cannot live without Russia. The moment the Russian flag stops flying in Gyumri [a reference to Russian troops stationed in Armenia] Armenia will start moving towards its end as the enemy will be quick to attack us. The Communist Party of Armenia has always been in favor of consolidation among fraternal peoples." At a 2006 rally the slogan was "Down with America, Always with Russia."
In 2001 the party and several thousand supporters advocated Armenia's membership into the Union State of Russia and Belarus. They continued the campaign for Armenia's membership into the union with Russia and Belarus in 2002. The party supported the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and in 2013 welcomed Armenia's accession into the EEU as a "prelude to the restoration of the Soviet Union."
The party's programme includes:
- Armenia's transformation into a parliamentary republic
- Rejection of Western-style market reforms
- Socialism that embraced a mixed economy, including private property
- Close ties with Russia
- Nagorno-Karabakh's recognition as a subject of international law
- Armenia's accession to the Union State (the party did not explicitly call for the recreation of the USSR)
Support base and election results
The party remained a significant political force in the 1990s under its charismatic leader Sergey Badalyan, who died in 1999. The party's 1994 May Day rally attracted some 10,000 to 60,000 supporters.
While it received only 12.4% of the vote in the July 1995 election, opinion polls both before and after the vote showed significantly more public support for the party. In a November 1994 poll, 40.1% of respondents backed the party and 37.6% did in a November 1995 poll.
In a 2004 For Official Use Only telegram on Armenian political parties, US Ambassador in Armenia John Ordway wrote that the party has "fewer than 50,000 members country-wide (most of them quite elderly)" and that it "is no longer especially influential."
It has contested in every parliamentary election, but has failed to pass the 5% threshold since 2003. In 2003 the party accused the government in "mass falsifications." The party boycotted the 2018 Armenian parliamentary election for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
- Communist Party of Artsakh brother party in Artsakh.
- Politics of Armenia
- Programs of political parties in Armenia
- "Հայաստանի կոմունիստները համագումար են անում" (in Armenian). A1plus. 29 November 2014. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Ordway, John (30 July 2004). "Party Primer: Top Armenian Political Parties". WikiLeaks. Archived from the original (For Official Use Only) on 2015-12-22.
- Gevorgyan, Siranouish; Grigoryan, Marianna (3 November 2006). "Red Remembrance: Bolshevik revolution anniversary kindles nostalgia for diehards". ArmeniaNow.
- Zakarian, Armen (14 October 2002). "Russian Communists To 'Help Ease Anti-Armenian Tensions'". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Darpinian, who is the first secretary of the staunchly pro-Russian Armenian Communist Party (HKK)...
- "Armenia communists hold rally outside Russia embassy (PHOTOS)". news.am. 25 December 2018.
- IMCWP. "Communist and Workers' Parties". IMCWP. Retrieved 16 February 2019.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "May Day Communist Rally Gathers Thousands in Yerevan". Daily Report: Central Eurasia. Foreign Broadcast Information Service (via ITAR-TASS): 60. 1 May 1994.
- Khojoyan, Sara (30 November 2011). "Reviving Red?: Armenian Communists mark Sovietization anniversary amid USSR reintegration calls". ArmeniaNow.
- Galoyan, Arman (4 May 2006). "Communists: against the U.S." 168.am. 168 hours. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Saghabalian, Anna (16 May 2001). "Communists Demand Union With Russia, Belarus". RFE/RL.
- Khachatrian, Ruzanna (5 September 2002). "Armenian Communists Suspend Campaign For Joining Russia-Belarus". RFE/RL.
- "Armenia's decision to join Customs Union is revolutionary – Communist Party". news.am. 11 September 2013.
- "Better Red Than Dead: Armenian, Russian Communists see EEU as their program". ArmeniaNow. 1 December 2014.
- "Report on Armenia's Parliamentary Election May 30, 1999". Washington, D.C.: Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. 1 September 1999. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2015-09-05.
- "Если бы выборы в Армении были честными? Альтернативный подсчет. 1990-е гг". kavkaz-uzel.eu (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. 16 December 2018. Archived from the original on 28 December 2018.
- "Если бы выборы в Армении были честными? Альтернативный подсчет. 1990-е гг". kavkaz-uzel.eu (in Russian). 16 December 2018. Archived from the original on 29 June 2019.
- Avoyan, Shakeh (30 May 2003). "Armenian Communists Protest Election Fiasco". RFE/RL.
- "Armenian communists boycott early elections". news.am. 14 November 2018.