Aster Revolution

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Aster Revolution
Part of the aftermath of World War I and the Revolutions of 1917–23
800px-Oszirozsas forradalmarok.jpg
Revolutionary soldiers wearing aster flowers, 31 October 1918
Date 28–31 October 1918 (3 days)
Location Hungary
Result

Revolutionary victory

Belligerents

Hungarian National Council

 Austria-Hungary

Commanders and leaders
Mihály Károlyi
János Hock
József Pogány
Imre Csernyák
István Friedrich
Charles IV
Archduke Joseph
János Hadik
Sándor Wekerle

The Aster Revolution or Chrysanthemum Revolution (Hungarian: Őszirózsás forradalom) was a revolution in Hungary led by Count Mihály Károlyi in the aftermath of World War I which led to the foundation of the short-lived First Hungarian People's Republic.[1][2]

Károlyi had helped establish the social democratic Hungarian National Council (HNC) which demanded the secession of Hungary from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the early morning hours of 31 October 1918, with support of the soldiers from the Hungarian Army, HNC protesters wearing the aster flowers helped seize public buildings throughout Budapest. Prime Minister Sándor Wekerle resigned and former Prime Minister István Tisza was murdered.

By the end of the day, King Charles IV had accepted the coup and appointed Károlyi as Hungary's new Prime Minister. The Hungarian People's Republic was proclaimed on 16 November 1918 with Károlyi named as president.

In March 1919, the republic was itself overturned a revolution which established the Hungarian Soviet Republic. The Soviet Republic was soon defeated by a Romanian invasion and, after a brief revival of the First Hungarian Republic, the monarchy was restored, although as an independent country.

History[edit]

Timeline[edit]

1921 Treaty of Trianon Horthy Miklós 1920 1919 Charles I of Austria 1918 1917 1916 1915 1914

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cornelius, Deborah S. (2017-02-25). Hungary in World War II: Caught in the Cauldron. Fordham Univ Press. p. 10. ISBN 9780823233434. 
  2. ^ Rudnytsky, Peter L.; Bokay, Antal; Giampieri-Deutsch, Patrizia (2000-07-01). Ferenczi's Turn in Psychoanalysis. NYU Press. p. 43. ISBN 9780814775455.