Ba 'Alawi sada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

{{Infobox Family | name = Alawiyyin family | image = Habib-ali-bungur.jpg | crest = | footnotes = | imagecaption = Ba 'Alawi Sada people of Indonesia | early_forms = | members = Clan: al-Aydarusi, al-Attas, al-Basakut, al-Saqqaf, al-Shahab, al-Haddad, al Jamalullail, al-Habshi, al-Hamid, al-Khirid, al-Sheikh AbuBakr, Ba Faqih, Banahsan, al-Qadri, al-Haddar, al-Jufri and others | otherfamilies = al-Rayyan, Thangal, Nuwaythi, Ba Mashkoor, Ba Rumaidaan, Ba Hamaam, al-Amoodi, Ba Naeemi, Ba Hammudi | distinctions = | traditions = Ba 'Alawiyya | heirlooms = | estate = | meaning = | ethnicity = Arab | origin = Hadhramaut | region = Brunei, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, India, Somalia, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Comoros, Saudi ArabiaTanzania Dar salam, Zanzibar,Tanga,[[Kenya in Mombasa Malindi ,Voi | birth_place = }}

The Ba 'Alawi sadah or Sadah Ba 'Alawi (Arabic: السادة آل باعلوي‎, translit. al-sādatu al-bā'alawiy) are a group of Hadhrami Sayyid families and social group originating in Hadhramaut in the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula. They trace their lineage to al-Imam Ahmad al-Muhajir bin Isa ar-Rumi born in 873 (260H), who emigrated from Basra to Hadhramaut[1] in 931 (320H) to avoid sectarian violence, including the invasion of the Qaramite forces into the Abbasid Caliphate. Ja'far was a direct descendant of the daughter of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.

The origin[edit]

The word Sadah or Sadat (Arabic: سادة‎) is a plural form of word Arabic: سيد‎ (Sayyid), while the word Ba 'Alawi or Bani 'Alawi means descendants of Alwi (Bā is a Hadhramaut dialect form of Bani). In sum, Ba'alawi are Sayyids people who have a blood descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through Alawi bin Ubaidullah bin Ahmad al-Muhajir. Meanwhile, Alawiyyin (Arabic: العلويّن‎; al-`alawiyyin) Sayyid term is used to describe descendants of Ali bin Abi Thalib from Husain ibn Ali (Sayyids) and Hasan ibn Ali (Sharifs). All people of Ba 'Alawi are Alawiyyin Sayyids through Husain ibn Ali, but not all people of Alawiyyin family are of Ba 'Alawi.

The Ba 'Alawi tariqa is a sufi order founded by one of Ahmad al-Muhajir's descendant, Muhammad al-Faqih Muqaddam and named after and closely tied to the Ba 'Alawi family.

Imam al-Muhajir's grandson Alawi was the first Sayyid to be born in Hadhramaut, and the only one of Imam al-Muhajir's descendants to produce a continued line; the lineages of Imam al-Muhajir's other grandsons, Basri and Jadid, were cut off after several generations. Accordingly, Imam Al-Muhajir's descendants in Hadhramaut hold the name Bā 'Alawi ("descendants of Alawi").

The Ba 'Alawi Sadah have since been living in Hadhramaut in Southern Yemen, maintaining the Sunni Creed in the fiqh school of Shafii. In the beginning, a descendant of Imam Ahmad Muhajir who became scholar in Islamic studies was called Imam, then Sheikh, but later called Habib.

It was only since 1700 AD they began to migrate [1] in large numbers out of Hadhramaut across all over the globe, often to practice da'wah (Islamic missionary work).[2] Among their areas of destination include northern states of Western India of like Ahmadabad and Surat in Gujarat, also the Malabar coasts. Their travels had also brought them to the Southeast Asia. These hadhrami immigrants blended with their local societies unusual in the history of diasporas. For example, the House of Jamalullail of Perlis is descended from the Ba 'Alawi. Habib Salih of Lamu, Kenya was also descended from the Ba 'Alawi. In Indonesia, quite a few of these immigrants married local women, sometimes women of nobility or even royal families, and their descendants then became sultans or kings, such as in Sultanate of Pontianak or in Sultanate of Siak Indrapura.[3]

People[edit]

Some other prominent figures from this family are:

List of Families[edit]

Some of the family names are as follows:[4][5]

The Family Names of Ba'Alawi
Latin Arabic
Aṭṭās, al- العطّاس
Aỳdarūs, al- العيدروس
ʻAydīd, al- آل عيديد
Bā ʻaqīl باعقيل
Bā ʻabūd باعبود
Bār, al- البار
Bā Surrah باصره
Bayḍ, al- البيض
Bilfaqīh بلفقيه
Fadʻaq فدعق
Ḥabshī, al- الحبشي
Ḥaddād, al- الحدّاد
Haddār, al- الهدار
Hādī, al- الهادي
Ḥāmid, al- الحامد
The Family Names of Ba'Alawi (cont.)
Latin Arabic
Jamalullaīl جمل الليل
Jufrī, al- الجفري
Junaīd, al- الجنيد
Kāf, al- الكاف
Khanīmān خنيمان
Maṣhoor, al- المشهور
Muḥdhār, al- المحضار
Musāwá, al- المساوى
Muṭahar مطهر
Saqqāf, al- السقاف
Shihāb Uddīn, al- آل شهاب الدين
Shāṭirī, al- الشاطري
Shāīkh ābū Bakr, al- آل الشيخ أبو بكر
Sumaith, bin بن سميط
Yaḥyá, bin ابن يحيى
The Family Names of Ba'Alawi (cont.)
Latin Arabic
Aʻyun, al- الأعين
Aẓamāt Khān عظمات خان
Bā Hāshim, al- باهاشم
Bā Rūm, al- الباروم
Bā Sakūt, al- البا سكوتا
Bā Hāroon Jamalullaīl باهارون جمل الليل
Bā Raqbah بارقبة
Bin Hāroon بن هارون
Bin Hāshim بن هاشم
Bin Shahel, al- آل بن سهل
Bin Jindan بن جندان
Hindūān, al- الهندوان
Ḥiyyed, al- الحييد
Ibrāhīm, al- الإبراهيم
Jadīd جديد
Khirid, al- الخرد
Nadhiry, al ال النضيري
The Family Names of Ba'Alawi (cont.)
Latin Arabic
ʻAdanī, al- العدنى
Bā ʻAlawī باعلوي
Bā Faraj بافرج
Bā Nahsan بانحسن
Bā Shaibān باشيبان
Ba ʻUmar باعمر
Abū Fuṭaīm ابو فطيم
Madaīḥij, al- المديحج
Maulá Kháilah مولى خيلة
Maulá Dawīlah مولى الدويلة
Munawwar, al- المنور
Qadrī, al- القدرى
Ṣāfiy, al- الصافي
Ṣāfiy al-Jufrī, al- الصافى الجفرى
Ṣāfiy Al-Saqqāf, al- الصافى السقاف
Zāhir, al- الزاهر

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anne K. Bang, Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860–1925, Routledge, 2003, pg 12
  2. ^ Ibrahim, Ahmad; Sharon Siddique; Yasmin Hussain, eds. (December 31, 1985). Readings on Islam in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 407. ISBN 978-9971-988-08-1. 
  3. ^ Ulrike Freitag, William G. Clarence-Smith, eds. (1997). Hadhrami Traders, Scholars and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s to 1960s. 57 (illustrated ed.). BRILL. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-04-10771-7. 
  4. ^ "أنسآب السادة العلويين آل باعلوي". Shabwaah Press. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Gelar Keluarga Alawiyyin Habaib" (in Indonesian). Retrieved September 11, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dostal, Walter. The Saints of Hadramawt. .
  • Dostal, Walter; Wolfgang Kraus, eds. (2005). Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean (print). New York: I.B. Tauris. pp. 233–253. 
  • Manger, Leif, O (2010). The Hadrami Diaspora: Community-Building on the Indian Ocean Rim. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-1-84545-742-6. 
  • Azra, Azyumardi (1994). The transmission of Islamic reformism to Indonesia : networks of Middle Eastern and Malay-Indonesian 'Ulama' in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (Ph.D dissertation, 1992). Ann Arbor, Mich: U.M.I. 

External links[edit]