Baschurch

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Baschurch
Baschurch Church front.jpg
Baschurch parish church
Baschurch is located in Shropshire
Baschurch
Baschurch
Baschurch shown within Shropshire
Population 2,503 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SJ4259321413
Civil parish
  • Baschurch
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Shrewsbury
Postcode district SY4
Dialling code 01939
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°47′28″N 2°51′14″W / 52.791°N 2.854°W / 52.791; -2.854Coordinates: 52°47′28″N 2°51′14″W / 52.791°N 2.854°W / 52.791; -2.854

Baschurch (Welsh: Eglwyssau Bassa) is a large village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. grid reference SJ425220

It lies in North Shropshire, north of Shrewsbury. Population: 2,503 (2011 census). The village has strong links to Shrewsbury to the south-east, Oswestry to the north-west, and Wem to the north-east. Baschurch is twinned with the town of Giat in the French département of Puy-de-Dôme, in the Auvergne région. There is a large village not far west of Baschurch called Ruyton-XI-Towns.

History[edit]

The earliest references to Baschurch are under its Welsh name Eglwyssau Bassa (Churches of Bassa), in a seven-stanza englyn-poem of the same name found in the Welsh cycle of poems called Canu Heledd,[2] generally thought to date to the ninth century:[3]

Eglwysseu bassa y orffowys heno.
y diwed ymgynnwys.
cledyr kat callon argoetwis.

Eglwysseu bassa ynt ffaeth heno.
vyn tauawt ae gwnaeth.
rud ynt wy rwy vy hiraeth.

Eglwysseu bassa ynt yng heno.
y etiued kyndrwyn[yn]
tir mablan kyndylan wynn.

Eglwysseu bassa ynt tirion heno.
ys gwaedlyt eu meillyon.
rud ynt wy. rwy vyng callon.

Eglwysseu bassa collassant eu breint.
gwedy y diua o loegyrwys.
kyndylan ac eluan powys.

Eglwysseu bassa ynt diua heno.
y chetwyr ny phara.
gwyr a wyr a mi yma.

Eglwysseu bassa ynt varuar heno.
a minneu wyf dyar.
rud ynt wy rwy vyg galar.

Baschurch is his resting place tonight,
his final abode —
the support in battle, the heart of the men of Argoed.

Baschurch is ?crumbling tonight —
my tongue caused it.
It is reddened; too great is my sorrow.

Baschurch is confined tonight
for the heir of the Cyndrwynyn;
it is the land of the grave of Cynddylan Wyn.

Baschurch is ?fallow land tonight;
its clover is bloody.
It is reddened; too much is my emotion.

Baschurch has lost its privilege
after the slaying by English warriors
of Cynddylan and Elfan Powys.

Baschurch is destroyed tonight;
its warriors are no more.
Men know and me here.

Baschurch is glowing embers tonight
and I am sorrowful.
It is reddened; too great is my grief.

The English name Baschurch first appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Bascherche, and both names may derive from an Anglo-Saxon personal name Bass(a). Thus the name in Canu Heledd is a Brittonic version of an English name.[4]

Local tradition holds that the Berth Pool and its ancient earthworks outside the village are the resting place of the legendary King Arthur.

In medieval times, several properties in the parish, including Adcote Mill, were owned by Haughmond Abbey near Shrewsbury.[5]

The world's first orthopaedic hospital was established at Florence House in Baschurch by Sir Robert Jones and Dame Agnes Hunt in 1900 as a convalescent home for crippled children and later to treat wounded from the First World War. The hospital moved to Oswestry in the 1921. In 2000 a large stone made of local sandstone was erected in the modern centre of the village to commemorate the Millennium. Similar smaller stones were erected in neighbouring communities.

Churches[edit]

A major feature of the village is All Saints' Church (Church of England)[6] which is one of the oldest standing structures in the village (perhaps the oldest). A timber church which burnt down is believed to have stood on the same site previously. Leading industrialist and builder Thomas Telford made numerous major alterations to the modern sandstone church.

The village also had a Methodist chapel which was built in 1873 and closed in 2014 after the congregation had "dwindled to less than a dozen".[7] It was sold for conversion into a house in April 2015.[8]

Education[edit]

The village has two schools including Baschurch Church of England Primary School, and the Corbet School formerly known as Baschurch Secondary Modern School. Just outside the village is Walford College, an agricultural and sports college which in 2002 merged with Oswestry-based North Shropshire College to form Walford and North Shropshire College.

Amenities[edit]

Baschurch has a number of amenities including a post office, a retained Shropshire Fire and Rescue Service fire station and a village hall located on Eyton Lane next to the Corbet School,

Railways[edit]

The Shrewsbury to Chester Line passes through the village, though the Victorian railway station was closed in 1960.

On 13 February 1961 a passenger train travelling from Shrewsbury to Chester collided with a goods train which was partially shunted into a siding in Baschurch. Three people died in the accident. Television footage of the wreckage is available from the BBC.

There have been repeated efforts to bring the railway station back into use, most recently in autumn 2008, with the support of Baschurch Parish Council and the Shrewsbury-Chester Rail Users' Association. In September 2009, a public meeting organised by the Baschurch Station Group, was attended by 250 local people and received extensive media coverage.[9][10]

Broadband internet[edit]

Baschurch was one of just six places in the United Kingdom to succeed in a competition held by BT to get super-fast broadband. The winners of the "Race to Infinity" competition were announced on 6 January 2011 and Baschurch came sixth. BT originally promised that only the top 5 places would go through with the upgrade (involving optic fibre-based infrastructure), but were impressed enough by the response in Baschurch.[11] As of November 2016 much of the village has yet to be connected to super-fast broadband.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Williams, Ifor, Canu Llywarch Hen University of Wales Press 1978.
  3. ^ Jenny Rowland, Early Welsh Saga Poetry: A Study and Edition of the ‘Englynion’ (Cambridge: Brewer, 1990), p. 389 for dating, pp. 435-36 for edition, p. 487 for translation [stanzas 45-51].
  4. ^ Jenny Rowland, Early Welsh Saga Poetry: A Study and Edition of the ‘Englynion’ (Cambridge: Brewer, 1990), p. 591.
  5. ^ Rees, Una, editor, The Cartulary of Haughmond Abbey Shropshire Archaeological Society & University of Wales Press 1985.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "New lease of life ahead for Methodist chapel". Shropshire Star. 30 March 2015. p. 5. 
  8. ^ "Church will become home after congregation drops". Shropshire Star. 21 April 2015. p. 5. 
  9. ^ Writtle, Joanne (2009). "Villagers' plea to reopen station". BBC Midlands Today. 
  10. ^ Garvin, Jo (2009). "New life for railway station?". BBC News, Shropshire. 
  11. ^ BBC News BT broadband race winners announced

External links[edit]