Battle of Adamclisi

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Battle of Adamclisi
Part of the Dacian Wars
DateWinter of 101 to 102
Location44°4′59.999″N 27°57′0.000″E / 44.08333306°N 27.95000000°E / 44.08333306; 27.95000000Coordinates: 44°4′59.999″N 27°57′0.000″E / 44.08333306°N 27.95000000°E / 44.08333306; 27.95000000
Result Roman victory
Dacian Draco.svgDacia and its Roxolani and Germanic Bastarnae allies Roman Empire
Commanders and leaders
unknown Trajan
around 15,000 Sarmatians, Germanic Bastarnae and Dacians[citation needed] unknown
Casualties and losses
the vast majority of the army 4,000 men killed[citation needed]
Battle of Adamclisi is located in Romania
Battle of Adamclisi
Location within Romania
Battle of Adamclisi is located in Black Sea
Battle of Adamclisi
Battle of Adamclisi (Black Sea)
Battle of Adamclisi is located in Europe without the extreme north
Battle of Adamclisi
Battle of Adamclisi (Europe without the extreme north)

The Battle of Adamclisi was a major battle in the Dacian Wars, fought in the winter of 101 to 102 between the Roman Empire and the Dacians near Adamclisi, in modern Romania.


After the victory of Second Battle of Tapae, Emperor Trajan decided to wait until spring to continue his offensive on Sarmizegetusa, the capital of Dacia. The Dacian king Decebalus benefited from this, and made out a plan along with the neighboring allied tribes of the Roxolans and Bastarnae, to attack south of the Danube, in the Roman province of Moesia, in an attempt to force the Romans to leave their positions in the mountains near Sarmizegetusa.[1]

The battle[edit]

The Dacian army, together with the Roxolani and the Bastarnae, crossed the frozen Danube but, because the weather was not cold enough, the ice broke under their weight, causing many to die in the frozen water.

Trajan moved his army from the mountains, following the Dacians into Moesia. A first battle was fought at night somewhere near the town of Nicopolis, a battle with few casualties on either side and with no crucial result. However, as the Romans received reinforcements, they were able to corner the Dacio-Sarmatian army.

The decisive battle was fought at Adamclisi, a difficult battle for both the Dacians and the Romans. Even though the outcome of the battle was a decisive Roman victory, both sides suffered very heavy casualties.


After the battle, Trajan advanced to Sarmizegetusa, Decebalus requesting a truce. Trajan agreed to the peace offerings. This time the peace was favorable to the Roman Empire: Decebalus must yield the territories occupied by the Roman army, and he must give back to the Romans all the weapons and war machines received after 89, when the Romans under Domitian were forced to pay an annual gift to the Dacians.

Decebalus was obliged to reconsider his foreign policies, and “to have friends and enemies the friends and enemies of the Roman Empire”, as described by Dio Cassius.

After the conquest of Dacia following the 105–106 war, Trajan built the Tropaeum Traiani at Adamclisi in 109, in memory of the battle. On the Tropaeum Traiani monument was a frieze comprising 54 metopes.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Coarelli, Filippo (1999). La colonna Traiana. Colombo. p. 99. ISBN 8886359349. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  2. ^ "1900 Years since the Inauguration of Tropaeum Trajani from Adamclisi - 10 lei silver 2009 - Romanian Coins". Retrieved 2021-06-19.

External links[edit]