St. Thomas Synagogue

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St. Thomas Synagogue
Synagogue of Beracha Veshalom Vegemiluth Hasidim, Krystalgade 16A & B, Charlotte Amalie (St. Thomas County, Virgin Islands).jpg
St. Thomas Synagogue
St. Thomas Synagogue is located in the Virgin Islands
St. Thomas Synagogue
Location 2116 Crystal Gade, Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands
Coordinates 18°20′41″N 64°55′59″W / 18.34472°N 64.93306°W / 18.34472; -64.93306Coordinates: 18°20′41″N 64°55′59″W / 18.34472°N 64.93306°W / 18.34472; -64.93306
Area less than one acre
Built 1833 (1833)
Architectural style Greek Revival, Gothic Revival
Part of Charlotte Amalie Historic District (#76001860)
NRHP Reference # 97001270[1][2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 25, 1997[2]
Designated NHL September 25, 1997[1]
Designated CP July 19, 1976

St. Thomas Synagogue is an historic synagogue at 2116 Crystal Gade, Queens Quarters, in Charlotte Amalie on the island of Saint Thomas in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The formal name of the synagogue is Beracha Veshalom Vegmiluth Hasadim. Built in 1833 for a congregation founded in 1792, it is the synagogue with the longest history of continuous use on what is now United States soil. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1997.[1][3]

History[edit]

Saint Thomas Synagogue was built in 1833, and is the second-oldest synagogue on United States soil (after the 1763 Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island). It also has the longest history of continuous use by a Jewish congregation in the nation. It was built for a congregation founded in 1796 by Spanish and Portuguese Sephardic Jews who had come to the Caribbean Basin to finance trade between Europe and the New World.[1]

Description[edit]

Sand floor

The St. Thomas Synagogue stands north of Charlotte Amalie's central business district, on the north side of Crystal Gade near its junction with Raadets Gade. It is a single-story structure, built out of rubblestone joined by a mortar mix of lime, sand, and molasses, and covered by a shallow pitch hip roof. Its front, separated from the street by an entry courtyard, has a Greek Revival temple front, but with Gothic arched window openings. The facade is recessed, with the temple pediment supported by brick pillars with Tuscan styling. On the interior, the Torah ark is located on the east wall, with the bimah, or pulpit, on a dais against the west wall. The center of the chamber is demarcated by a square of four Ionic columns mounted on pedestals, and there are rows of bench pews on the north and south walls. The seating areas of men and women are separated by movable wooden partitions.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "St. Thomas Synagogue". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  2. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" (PDF). National Park Service. January 1997. 

External links[edit]