Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology

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The Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology is the main resource for determining the identity of prokaryotic organisms, emphasizing bacterial species, using every characterizing aspect.

The manual was published subsequent to the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, though the latter is still published as a guide for identifying unknown bacteria.[1] First published in 1923 by David Hendricks Bergey, it is used to classify bacteria based on their structural and functional attributes by arranging them into specific familial orders. However, this process has become more empirical in recent years.[2]

Organization[edit]

The change in volume set to "Systematic Bacteriology" came in a new contract in 1980, whereupon the new style included "relationships between organisms" and had "expanded scope" overall. This new style was picked up for a four-volume set[3] that first began publishing in 1984. The information in the volumes was separated as:

Volume 1 included information on all types of Gram-negative bacteria that were considered to have "medical and industrial importance." Volume 2 included information on all types of Gram-positive bacteria. Volume 3 deals with all of the remaining, slightly different Gram-negative bacteria, along with the Archaea. Volume 4 has information on filamentous actinomycetes and other, similar bacteria.[4]

The current volumes differ drastically from previous volumes in that many higher taxa are not defined in terms of phenotype, but solely on 16S phylogeny, as is the case of the classes within Proteobacteria.[5]

The current grouping is:

Bergey's Manual Trust[edit]

Bergey's Manual Trust was established in 1936 to sustain the publication of Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology and supplementary reference works. The Trust also recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to bacterial taxonomy by presentation of the Bergey Award and Bergey Medal, jointly supported by funds from the Trust and from Springer, the publishers of the Manual.

Bergey's Manual Trust and John Wiley & Sons, Inc. co-publish the online encyclopedia Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).

Critical reception[edit]

The Annals of Internal Medicine described the volumes as "clearly written, precise, and easy to read" and "particularly designed for those interested in taxonomy."[12]

Editions[edit]

Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology[edit]

  • Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. & Huntoon, F.M. (eds., 1923). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 442 p.
  • Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. & Huntoon, F.M. (eds., 1925). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 462 p.
  • Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. & Huntoon, F.M. (eds., 1930). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 3rd ed., The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 589 p.
  • Bergey, D.H., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W., Huntoon, F.M., Murray, E.G.D. & Harrison, F.C. (eds., 1934). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore.
  • Bergey, D.H., Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. & Hitchens, A.P. (eds., 1939). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 5th ed., The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore.
  • Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. & Hitchens, A.P. (eds., 1948). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, [1].
  • Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. & Smith, N.R. (eds., 1957). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed., The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, [2].
  • Buchanan, R.E. & Gibbons, N.R. (eds., 1974). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th ed., Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore.
  • Holt, J.G. & Krieg, N.R. (eds., 1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore.

Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st ed.[edit]

  • Krieg, N.R. & Holt, J.C. (eds., 1984). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st ed., vol. 1, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Sneath, P.H.A., Mair, N.S., Sharpe, M.E. & Holt, J.G. (eds., 1986). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st ed., vol. 2, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Staley, J.T., Bryant, M.P., Pfennig, N. & Holt, J.G. (eds., 1989). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st ed., vol. 3, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Williams, S.T., Sharpe, M.E. & Holt, J.G. (eds., 1989). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1st ed., vol. 4, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.

Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed.[edit]

  • Garrity, G.M., Boone, D.R. & Castenholz, R.W. (eds., 2001). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY
  • Brenner, D.J., Krieg, N.R., Staley, J.T. & Garrity, G.M. (eds., 2005). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 2, parts A, B and C, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K.-H. & Whitman, W.B. (eds., 2009). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 3, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Whitman, W.B., Hedlund, B.P., Paster, B.J., Staley, J.T., Ward, N. & Brown, D. (eds., 2010). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 4, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Whitman, W.B., Goodfellow, M., Kämpfer, P., Busse, H.-J., Trujillo, M.E., Ludwig, W. & Suzuki, K.-i. (eds., 2012). Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 5, parts A and B, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Other[edit]

  • Buchanan, R.E., Holt, J.G. & Lessel Jr, E.F. (1966). Index Bergeyana: An Annotated Alphabetic Listing of Names of the Taxa of the Bacteria. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Md.
  • Holt, J.G. (ed., 1977). The Shorter Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th ed., The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Md.
  • Gibbons, N.E., Pattee, K.B. & Holt, J.G. (eds., 1981). Supplement to Index Bergeyana. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Md.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Book Review Int. J. of Syst. Bact.; July 1985, p. 408
  2. ^ History of the Manual
  3. ^ "The new format, which has an expanded scope and examines relationships between organisms (systematics), is called Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Work on the first volume in the four-volume sequence began in 1980 and was ...", "Microbiology" by Daniel V. Lim, Kendall Hunt, 2003
  4. ^ "Bergey's Manuals", Understanding bacteria by Sheela Srivastava, Springer, 2003, Pg. 40
  5. ^ a b Don J. Brenner; Noel R. Krieg; James T. Staley (July 26, 2005) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. Introductory Essays. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2A (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-387-24143-2. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  6. ^ Boone, David R.; Castenholz, Richard W. (May 18, 2001) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 721. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  7. ^ Don J. Brenner; Noel R. Krieg; James T. Staley (July 26, 2005) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Gammaproteobacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2B (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1108. ISBN 978-0-387-24144-9. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  8. ^ Don J. Brenner; Noel R. Krieg; James T. Staley (July 26, 2005) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Proteobacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2C (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1388. ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  9. ^ Vos, P.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.; Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (September 15, 2009) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Firmicutes. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 3 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1450. ISBN 978-0-387-95041-9. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  10. ^ Krieg, N.R.; Ludwig, W.; Whitman, W.B.; Hedlund, B.P.; Paster, B.J.; Staley, J.T.; Ward, N.; Brown, D.; Parte, A. (November 24, 2010) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Bacteroidetes, Spirochaetes, Tenericutes (Mollicutes), Acidobacteria, Fibrobacteres, Fusobacteria, Dictyoglomi, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae, and Planctomycetes. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 4 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 908. ISBN 978-0-387-95042-6. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  11. ^ Whitman, W.B.; Goodfellow, M.; Kämpfer, P.; Busse, H.-J.; Trujillo, M.E.; Ludwig, W.; Suzuki, K.-i.; Parte, A. (January 29, 2012) [1984(Williams & Wilkins)]. George M. Garrity, ed. The Actinobacteria. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 4 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1750. ISBN 978-0-387-95043-3. British Library no. GBA561951. 
  12. ^ "Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology", Book Reviews, Notes, and Listings, Annals of Internal Medicine

External links[edit]