Bhan Singh Bhaura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhan Singh Bhaura
Born (1934-09-04)4 September 1934
Niamatpur
Died 3 January 2004(2004-01-03) (aged 69)
New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Alma mater ripudaman college
Political party Communist Party of India (CPI)

Bhan Singh Bhaura (4 September 1934 – 3 January 2004) was an Indian politician.[1][2] He was a leader of the Communist Party of India in Punjab.[1] He served as a member of the National Executive of the CPI as well as president for the Bharatiya Khet Mazdoor Union.[1] He was also a Punjab State Executive member of CPI.[2] He was elected to the Lok Sabha (lower house of the parliament of India) in 1971 and 1999 from the Bhatinda seat. He was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly twice as well.[1]

Student activism[edit]

Bhaura hailed from a poor peasant family in Sangrur district.[1] He was the son of Sadhu Singh.[3] Bhaura became politically active in the student movement, serving as secretary of the Punjab branch of the All India Students Federation and president of the All India Youth Federation in Punjab.[2] He obtained a B.A. degree from Punjab University.[2] During the colonial period, he took part in the struggle for Indian independence as well being active in the peasant movement.[1]

Legislator[edit]

He was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1962, from the Dhuri (SC) seat.[2][4] Bhaura obtained 20,658 votes (49.08% of the votes in the constituency), defeating the Congress, Jan Sangh and Swatantra candidates in the fray.[4] He became the acting president of the Punjab Dihati Mazdoor Sabha (agricultural workers' union).[5] In the 1967 election, he was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly from the Bhadaur (SC) seat. He obtained 14,748 votes (49.92%).[6] Bhaura lost the Bhadaur seat in the 1969 election, finishing in third place with merely 430 votes (1.31%).[7]

Parliamentarian[edit]

He won the Bhatinda Lok Sabha seat in the 1971 general election. He obtained 138,092 votes (51.46%).[8] Bhaura survived the 1973 crash of Indian Airlines Flight 440.[2][9]

Later elections[edit]

Bhaura lost the Bhatinda seat in the 1977 general election. He finished in third place with 62,639 votes (14.73%).[10] This time the electoral contest in Bhatinda had been between Congress and Shiromani Akali Dal candidates, and Bhaura lost his deposit.[11] He contested the Bhadaur assembly seat in 1985, finishing in third place with 7,932 votes (14.98%).[12]

Return to the Lok Sabha[edit]

Bhaura contested the Bhatinda seat in the 1998 general election. He finished in second place with 309,671 votes (45.66%).[13] He regained the Bhatinda Lok Sabha seat in the 1999 general election. He obtained 327,484 votes (50.34%).[14] His candidature was supported by Congress.[15] In the Lok Sabha he was a member of the Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests 1999-2000, and then a member of the Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Communications 2000-2004.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Mr. Bhan Singh Bhaura’s father was Mr. Sadhu Singh & mother Mrs. Sardhi. Mr. Bhaura completed his graduation at Govt. College, Nabha, Distt. Patiala. He married on 13 November 1966 to Kaushalya Chaman. He is survived by a son and two daughters.

Survived From The Air Crash[edit]

On 30 May 1973, Flight 440 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Madras (now Chennai), Tamil Nadu to New Delhi. A Boeing 737 named Saranga was used for the flight. As Flight 440 approached Palam International Airport in driving dust and a rainstorm, the aircraft struck high tension wires during a NDB approach with visibility below minima. The aircraft crashed and caught fire. 48 of the 65 passengers and crew on board Flight 440 perished in the accident.[2] Rescue officials said the survivors were in the front of the aircraft. Among the dead was Indian Minister of Iron and Steel Mines, Mohan Kumaramangalam. Kumaramangalam was a confidant of Indira Gandhi, who was India's Prime Minister at the time. According to Mehtab-Ud-Din, a Senior Punjabi Journalist & Writer, Mr. Bhan Singh Bhaura was also in the 'unfortunate' flight, but luckily he survived. Mr. Bhan Singh Bhaura was then an MP from Bathinda (Punjab) for 5th Lok Sabha (1971-1977) Seat. He was a committed CPI Member and he again was elected MP for 13th Lok Sabha (1999-2004). When Mrs. Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, met the slightly injured Mr. Bhan Singh Bhaura on 31 May 1973 in a New Delhi Hospital, She said to him,"Mr. Bhaura, you have survived from an air crash, now you should believe in God." Mr. Bhaura replied instantaneously that those were perished in the air crash, all were firm believers in God. It is worth mentioning here that most of the Communists are supposed to be the atheists. Mr. Bhan Singh Bhaura himself told about it to Mr. Mehtab-Ud-Din.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Deccan Herald. CPI leader Bhan Singh Bhaura dead
  2. ^ a b c d e f R.C. Rajamani (1 January 2000). Portraits Of India S Parliamentarians For The New Millennium (Lok Sabha) (Pti). Gyan Publishing House. p. 425. ISBN 978-81-212-0702-7. 
  3. ^ a b Lok Sabha. Bhaura,Shri Bhan Singh
  4. ^ a b Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PUNJAB
  5. ^ Hari Singh (Master) (1980). Agricultural Workers' Struggle in Punjab. People's Publishing House. p. 24. 
  6. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1967 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PUNJAB
  7. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1969 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PUNJAB
  8. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1971 TO THE FIFTH LOK SABHA - VOLUME I (NATIONAL AND STATE ABSTRACTS & DETAILED RESULTS) Archived 18 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Asian Recorder, Vol. 19. K.7 K. Thomas at Recorder Press. 1973. p. cclxxxiv. 
  10. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1977 TO THE SIXTH LOK SABHA - VOLUME I (NATIONAL AND STATE ABSTRACTS & DETAILED RESULTS) Archived 18 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ S. L. M. Prachand (1977). The Popular Upsurge and Fall of Congress. Abhishek Publications. p. 77. 
  12. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1985 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PUNJAB
  13. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1998 TO THE 12TH LOK SABHA - VOLUME I (NATIONAL AND STATE ABSTRACTS & DETAILED RESULTS) Archived 18 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1999 TO THE THIRTEENTH LOK SABHA - VOLUME I (NATIONAL AND STATE ABSTRACTS & DETAILED RESULTS) Archived 18 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Yes Punjab. If Harsimat loses, it'll be beginnings of the end of Badals' dynastic rule: CPI